FMC Corporation - Form 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE

ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009

OR

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number 1-2376

FMC CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   94-0479804

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1735 Market Street

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  19103
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 215/299-6000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

  

Name of each exchange

on which registered

Common Stock, $0.10 par value

  

New York Stock Exchange

Chicago Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

INDICATE BY CHECK MARK IF THE REGISTRANT IS A WELL-KNOWN SEASONED ISSUER, AS DEFINED IN RULE 405 OF THE SECURITIES ACT.    YES  x    NO  ¨

INDICATE BY CHECK MARK IF THE REGISTRANT IS NOT REQUIRED TO FILE REPORTS PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 AND SECTION 15(d) OF THE ACT.    YES  ¨    NO  x

INDICATE BY CHECK MARK WHETHER THE REGISTRANT (1) HAS FILED ALL REPORTS REQUIRED TO BE FILED BY SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 DURING THE PRECEDING 12 MONTHS (OR FOR SUCH SHORTER PERIOD THAT THE REGISTRANT WAS REQUIRED TO FILE SUCH REPORTS), AND (2) HAS BEEN SUBJECT TO SUCH FILING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PAST 90 DAYS.    YES  x    NO  ¨

INDICATE BY CHECK MARK WHETHER THE REGISTRANT HAS SUBMITTED ELECTRONICALLY AND POSTED ON ITS CORPORATE WEBSITE, IF ANY, EVERY INTERACTIVE DATA FILE REQUIRED TO BE SUBMITTED AND POSTED PURSUANT TO RULE 405 OF REGULATION S-T DURING THE PRECEDING 12 MONTHS (OR FOR SUCH SHORTER PERIOD THAT THE REGISTRANT WAS REQUIRED TO SUBMIT AND POST SUCH FILES)    YES  x    NO  ¨

INDICATE BY CHECK MARK IF DISCLOSURE OF DELINQUENT FILERS PURSUANT TO ITEM 405 OF REGULATION S-K IS NOT CONTAINED HEREIN, AND WILL NOT BE CONTAINED, TO THE BEST OF REGISTRANT’S KNOWLEDGE, IN DEFINITIVE PROXY OR INFORMATION STATEMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE IN PART III OF THIS FORM 10-K OR ANY AMENDMENT TO THIS FORM 10-K.  ¨

INDICATE BY CHECK MARK WHETHER THE REGISTRANT IS A LARGE ACCELERATED FILER, AN ACCELERATED FILER, A NON-ACCELERATED FILER OR A SMALLER REPORTING COMPANY. SEE DEFINITIONS OF “LARGE ACCELERATED FILER,” “ACCELERATED FILER,” AND “SMALLER REPORTING COMPANY” IN RULE 12B-2 OF THE EXCHANGE ACT. (CHECK ONE):

LARGE ACCELERATED FILER    x    ACCELERATED FILER    ¨    NON-ACCELERATED FILER    ¨ SMALLER REPORTING COMPANY    ¨

INDICATE BY CHECK MARK WHETHER THE REGISTRANT IS A SHELL COMPANY (AS DEFINED IN RULE 12B-2 OF THE ACT.).    YES  ¨    NO  x

THE AGGREGATE MARKET VALUE OF VOTING STOCK HELD BY NON-AFFILIATES OF THE REGISTRANT AS OF JUNE 30, 2009, THE LAST DAY OF THE REGISTRANT’S SECOND FISCAL QUARTER WAS $3,397,400,707. THE MARKET VALUE OF VOTING STOCK HELD BY NON-AFFILIATES EXCLUDES THE VALUE OF THOSE SHARES HELD BY EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS OF THE REGISTRANT.

THE NUMBER OF SHARES OF THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON STOCK, $0.10 PAR VALUE, OUTSTANDING AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2009 WAS 72,518,880.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

DOCUMENT

  

FORM 10-K REFERENCE

Portions of Proxy Statement for

2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders

   Part III

 

 

 


Table of Contents

FMC Corporation

2009 Form 10-K Annual Report

Table of Contents

 

          Page
Part 1

Item 1

  

Business

   3

Item 1A

  

Risk Factors

   18

Item 1B

  

Unresolved Staff Comments

   20

Item 2

  

Properties

   20

Item 3

  

Legal Proceedings

   21

Item 4

  

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

   22

Item 4A

  

Executive Officers of the Registrant

   22
Part II

Item 5

  

Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

   23

Item 6

  

Selected Financial Data

   26

Item 7

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   28

Item 7A

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

   52

Item 8

  

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

   54

Item 9

  

Changes in Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

   117

Item 9A

  

Controls and Procedures

   117

Item 9B

  

Other Information

   117
Part III

Item 10

  

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

   118

Item 11

  

Executive Compensation

   118

Item 12

  

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

   118

Item 13

  

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

   119

Item 14

  

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

   119
Part IV

Item 15

  

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedule

   120

SIGNATURES

   124

 

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PART I

FMC Corporation (FMC) was incorporated in 1928 under Delaware law and has its principal executive offices at 1735 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103. Throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K, except where otherwise stated or indicated by the context, “FMC”, “We,” “Us,” or “Our” means FMC Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries and their predecessors. Copies of the annual, quarterly and current reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and any amendments to those reports, are available on our website at www.FMC.com as soon as practicable after we furnish such materials to the SEC.

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

General

We are a diversified chemical company serving agricultural, consumer and industrial markets globally with innovative solutions, applications and market-leading products. We operate in three distinct business segments: Agricultural Products, Specialty Chemicals and Industrial Chemicals. Our Agricultural Products segment develops, markets and sells all three major classes of crop protection chemicals—insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides—with particular strength in insecticides and herbicides. These products are used in agriculture to enhance crop yield and quality by controlling a broad spectrum of insects, weeds and disease, as well as pest control in non-agricultural markets. Specialty Chemicals consists of our BioPolymer and lithium businesses and focuses on food ingredients that are used to enhance texture, structure and physical stability, pharmaceutical additives for binding, encapsulation and disintegrant applications, ultrapure biopolymers for medical devices and lithium specialties for pharmaceutical synthesis, specialty polymers and energy storage. Our Industrial Chemicals segment manufactures a wide range of inorganic materials, including soda ash, hydrogen peroxide, specialty peroxygens and phosphorus chemicals.

The following table shows the principal products produced by our three business segments and their raw materials and uses:

 

Segment

 

Product

  

Raw Materials

 

Uses

Agricultural Products

 

Insecticides

  

Synthetic

chemical

intermediates

 

Protection of crops, including cotton, sugarcane, rice,

corn, soybeans, cereals, fruits and vegetables from

insects and for non-agricultural applications

including pest control for home, garden and other

specialty markets

 

Herbicides

  

Synthetic

chemical

intermediates

 

Protection of crops, including cotton, sugarcane, rice,

corn, soybeans, cereals, fruits and vegetables from

weed growth and for non-agricultural applications

including turf and roadsides

Specialty Chemicals

 

Microcrystalline

Cellulose

  

Specialty pulp

 

Drug dry tablet binder and disintegrant, food

ingredient

 

Carrageenan

  

Refined seaweed

 

Food ingredient for thickening and stabilizing,

encapsulants for pharmaceutical and nutraceutical

 

Alginates

  

Refined seaweed

 

Food ingredients, pharmaceutical excipient, wound

care, orthopedic uses and industrial uses

 

Lithium

  

Mined lithium

 

Pharmaceuticals, polymers, batteries, greases and

lubricants, air conditioning and other industrial uses

Industrial Chemicals

 

Soda Ash

  

Mined trona ore

 

Glass, chemicals, detergents

 

Peroxygens

  

Hydrogen

 

Pulp & paper, chemical processing, detergents,

antimicrobial disinfectants, environmental

applications, electronics, and polymers

 

Phosphorus

Chemicals

  

Mined phosphate

rock

 

Detergents, cleaning compounds, animal feed

 

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We have operations in many areas around the world. With a worldwide manufacturing and distribution infrastructure, we are able to respond rapidly to global customer needs, offset downward economic trends in one region with positive trends in another and better match revenues to local costs to mitigate the impact of currency volatility. The charts below detail our sales and long-lived assets by major geographic region.

 

Revenues by Region - 2009    Long-lived Assets by Region - 2009
Revenue: $2,826.2 million    Long-lived Assets: $1,407.8 million
LOGO    LOGO

Our Strategy

Our corporate strategy is balanced between driving growth and innovation within our Specialty Chemicals and Agricultural Products segments and generating strong cash flow in our Industrial Chemicals segment. Our long-term objectives are as follows:

Realize the operating leverage inherent in our businesses.    We intend to maximize earnings growth and return on capital by maintaining or enhancing our market positions, reducing costs and prudently managing our asset base. In soda ash, we continually strive to optimize our proprietary and low-cost solution mining and longwall mining techniques, thereby reducing our production costs, which we believe are already the lowest in the industry. In Foret, which is part of our Industrial Chemicals segment, we are selectively shutting down higher cost production capacities to improve profitability. In Agricultural Products, we completed the shutdown of operations at our Baltimore, Maryland facility as part of our ongoing program to reduce manufacturing costs by producing our products and/or intermediates in lower-cost locations. Additionally, we shut down our peroxygens’ manufacturing facility in Santa Clara, Mexico, our lithium facility in Bayport, Texas, our Lithium metal production unit in Bromborough, UK and we also curtailed our soda ash operations at our Granger, Wyoming facility.

Maintain strategic and financial flexibility.    Going forward, we expect continued, sustained growth in our operating profit and resulting cash provided by operating activities. Furthermore, our businesses will meet future expected demand growth through a combination of debottlenecking current production, restarting mothballed capacity and sourcing from third parties.

Focus the portfolio on higher growth businesses.    Our goal is to achieve the highest overall growth while continuing to generate returns above our cost of capital. In this regard, we intend to focus on building upon our core franchises in the food ingredient, pharmaceutical, energy storage, crop protection and non-agricultural pest control markets that exist within the Specialty Chemicals and Agricultural Products segments. Innovation will continue to be a core element of our growth strategy in both of these business segments. Our BioPolymer business is developing new pharmaceutical delivery systems and working closely with top global food companies in the development of new health and convenience foods. Our lithium business is developing applications for

 

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energy storage markets to serve the rapid growth in global demand for hand-held electronic devices. Our Agricultural Products business is testing proprietary product differentiating technologies which could improve the biological efficacy and/or the cost competitiveness of existing and new chemistries, thereby potentially enhancing those products’ market acceptance and value to end-users. In addition to innovation, product or business acquisitions, in-licensing, alliances, and equity ventures are also strategic options we may consider to enhance our technology offerings, broaden our market access and extend our geographic footprint. Each growth opportunity will be evaluated in the context of value creation for our shareholders, including the degree to which the opportunity complements one of our existing franchises, generates substantial synergies and is accretive to earnings. Finally, we intend to divest any business that cannot sustain a return above its cost of capital.

Financial Information about Our Business Segments

See Note 19 to our consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K. Also see below for selected financial information related to our segments.

Agricultural Products

Financial Information (In Millions)

 

Agricultural Products:

Revenue and Operating Margin

2005-2009

  

Agricultural Products:

Capital Expenditures and Depreciation and Amortization 2005-2009

LOGO    LOGO

Overview

Our Agricultural Products segment, which represents approximately 37 percent of our 2009 consolidated revenues, develops, manufactures and sells a portfolio of crop protection, professional pest control and lawn and garden products. Our innovation and growth efforts focus on developing environmentally compatible solutions that can effectively increase farmers’ yields and provide cost-effective alternatives to older chemistries to which insects, weeds or disease may have developed resistance. Over the last several years, we restructured and redeployed our research and development resources to focus our innovation efforts towards accelerating the development of new products and productivity-enhancing technologies to our customers. In addition to internal development, our growth efforts include product acquisitions, in-licensing of chemistries and technologies, and alliances which strengthen our market access or complement our existing product portfolio.

We differentiate ourselves by our focused strategy in selected products, crops and markets coupled with our low-cost manufacturing strategy. We are continually working to gain access to proprietary chemistries and technologies from third parties which are complementary to our existing products and market focus. We are

 

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encouraged by our progress in licensing and partnering to create proprietary products, developing technically- advanced delivery systems and commercializing unique product premixes and combinations. We are optimistic that these efforts will continue to result in sales and profit growth in the forseeable future.

Products and Markets

 

Agricultural Products:

2009 Sales Mix

  

Agricultural Products:

2009 Revenue by Region

LOGO    LOGO

Agricultural Products provides a wide range of proprietary, branded products—based on both patented and off-patent technologies—for global crop protection, professional pest control, and lawn and garden markets. Product branding is a prevalent industry practice used to help maintain and grow market share by promoting end-user recognition and product and supplier reputation. Agricultural Products enjoys relatively strong niche positions in crop and non-crop market segments in the Americas, Europe and other parts of the world and derived approximately 79 percent of its revenue from outside North America in 2009.

Insecticides represent the largest product line in the Agricultural Products segment, which include our pyrethroid and carbamate chemistries, in which we maintain leading market positions based on revenues. Our proprietary herbicides have grown significantly over the last several years due to organic growth, new product launches and the in-licensing of new chemistries. Our herbicide portfolio primarily targets niche uses and controls a wide variety of difficult-to-control weeds. We are also evaluating opportunities to enhance our market position in fungicides, so that we can broaden our portfolio across the three major pesticide categories, i.e. insecticides, herbicides and fungicides. In 2009, we successfully acquired the proprietary fungicide Benalaxyl which has an excellent fit in several of our focus market segments.

 

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The following table summarizes the principal product chemistries in Agricultural Products and the principal uses of each chemistry:

 

            Cotton   Corn   Rice   Cereals   Fruits,
Vegetables
  Soybeans   Sugar

Cane

  Tobacco   Oil
Seed
Rape
  Prof.Pest

Control

Home &

Garden

Insecticides

  Pyrethroids   permethrin   X   X   X   X   X   X       X       X
    cypermethrin   X   X   X   X   X   X       X       X
    bifenthrin   X   X       X   X   X   X   X   X   X
    zeta-cypermethrin   X   X   X   X   X   X   X       X   X
  Carbamates   carbofuran   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X        
    carbosulfan   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X        
  Other   cadusafos                   X           X        

Herbicides

  carfentrazone-ethyl   X   X   X   X   X   X   X           X
  clomazone   X       X       X   X   X   X   X    
  sulfentrazone                   X   X   X   X       X

Fungicides

  benalaxyl                   X           X        

Over the last several years, we have entered into a number of agreements with third-party pesticide producers under which we work together to develop, market and/or distribute existing and new pesticide chemistries in various markets. These proprietary chemistries and technologies are complementary to our existing products and market strategies. The chemistries include flonicamid, a unique insecticide for controlling sucking pests, cyazofamid, a novel fungicide for crop and non-crop uses in the Americas, fluthiacet-methyl, a proprietary herbicide for controlling glyphosate-resistant weeds, and acetamiprid for pest control markets in North America. We also have numerous supply and access agreements with third-party producers for other pesticide products including the commercialization of proprietary premixes and combinations.

We access key Western European markets through a Belgian-based pesticide distribution company, Belchim Crop Protection N.V., in which we have an ownership interest. We also have joint venture arrangements with Nufarm Limited in three countries in Eastern Europe, which allows us to capitalize on growth in this part of Europe. In North America, we access the market through several major national and regional distributors. In the large agricultural market of Brazil, we access the market in part through independent distributors and in part, we sell directly to large growers through our own skilled sales and marketing organization. Through these and other alliances, along with our own targeted marketing efforts, access to novel technologies and our innovation initiatives, we expect to maintain and enhance our access in key agricultural and non-crop markets and develop new products that will help us continue to compete effectively.

We maintain competitive manufacturing cost positions through our strategy of sourcing raw materials, intermediates and finished products from third parties in lower-cost manufacturing countries such as China, India and Mexico. We have been implementing this low-cost manufacturing strategy for more than ten years. This strategy has resulted in significant cost savings and lower capital spending, and has reduced the fixed capital intensity of the business. Since its inception through 2009, we estimate that our low-cost manufacturing strategy has produced annual cost savings of approximately $90 million.

 

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Growth

We plan to grow by obtaining new and approved uses for existing product lines and acquiring, accessing, developing, marketing, distributing and/or selling complementary chemistries and/or related technologies in order to enhance and expand our product portfolio and our capabilities to effectively service our target markets and customers. Our growth will depend on our ability to deliver unique innovative solutions to our customers. Over the next several years, growth is anticipated from our proprietary insecticides, herbicides and fungicides, as well as recently-accessed third party chemistries and/or technologies. For our insecticides, we launched a number of new products, expanded labels and/or introduced unique formulations that deliver value-adding solutions to our customers. The continued spread of herbicide-resistant weeds and shifts in weed populations, coupled with several recently launched product formulations, expanded labels, premixes and new chemistries provide growth opportunities for our herbicide product line. The successful development and commercialization of our productivity-enhancing technologies should also contribute to growth over the next three to five years.

Industry Overview

The three principal categories of agricultural and non-crop chemicals are herbicides, representing approximately half of global industry revenue, insecticides, representing approximately a quarter of global industry revenue, and fungicides, representing most of the remaining portion of global industry revenue.

Insecticides are used to control a wide range of insects, including chewing pests (such as caterpillars) and sucking pests (such as aphids). Insecticides are applied as sprays, dusts or granules and are used on a wide variety of crops such as fruits, vegetables, cotton, soybean, corn and cereals. There are several major classes of insecticide chemistries, including organophosphates, carbamates, pyrethroids and neonicotinoids.

Herbicides prevent or inhibit weed growth, thereby reducing or eliminating the need for manual or mechanical weeding. Herbicides can be selective (controlling only specific unwanted vegetation) or non-selective (controlling all vegetation), and are also segmented by their time of application: pre-planting, pre-emergent and post-emergent.

Fungicides prevent or inhibit the spread of plant disease which can adversely impact crop yields and quality. Fungicides are used on a wide variety of crops such as fruits, vegetables, soybean, cereals and rice.

The agrochemicals industry has undergone significant consolidation over the past ten years. Leading crop protection companies, Syngenta AG, Bayer AG, Monsanto Company, BASF AG, The Dow Chemical Company and E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont), currently represent approximately 75 percent of the industry’s global sales. Significant drivers for this consolidation have been the growth and grower acceptance of biotechnology employed in row crops, and the escalation of research and development and marketing costs.

The next tier of agrochemical producers, including FMC, Makhteshim-Agan Industries Ltd., Sumitomo Chemical Company Limited, Nufarm Limited, Arysta LifeScience Corporation, United Phosphorous Limited and Cheminova A/S, employ various differentiated strategies and compete by (1) unique technologies, (2) focusing on certain crops, markets and geographies, and/or (3) competitive pricing based on low-cost manufacturing positions. Some of these producers are generic competitors with little or no investment in innovation. There is a growing trend among these producers to partner with one another to gain economies of scale and competitive market access more comparable to larger competitors. Additionally, a number of these companies have grown rapidly through acquisitions of other companies and/or product divestitures from the leading crop protection companies.

 

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Specialty Chemicals

Financial Information (In Millions)

 

Specialty Chemicals:

Revenue and Operating Margin

2005-2009

  

Specialty Chemicals:

Capital Expenditures and Depreciation and

Amortization 2005-2009

LOGO    LOGO

Overview

Our Specialty Chemicals segment, which represents 27 percent of our 2009 consolidated revenues, is focused on high-performance food ingredients, pharmaceutical excipients and encapsulants, biomedical technologies and lithium specialty products, all of which enjoy solid customer bases and consistent, growing demand. The significant majority of Specialty Chemicals sales are to customers in non-cyclical end markets. We believe that our future growth in this segment will continue to be based on the value-added performance capabilities of these products and our research and development capabilities, as well as on the alliances and the close working relationships we have developed with key global customers.

Products and Markets

 

Specialty Chemicals:

2009 Sales Mix

 

  

Specialty Chemicals:

2009 Revenue by Region

 

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BioPolymer

BioPolymer is organized around the food, pharmaceutical and biomedical device markets, and is a key supplier to many companies in these markets. Many of BioPolymer’s customers in the food and pharmaceutical markets have come to rely on us for the majority of their supply requirements for these product lines. We believe that such reliance is based on our innovative solutions and operational quality.

BioPolymer is a supplier of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), carrageenan and alginates—ingredients that have high value-added applications in the production of food, pharmaceutical and other specialty consumer and industrial products. MCC, processed from specialty grades of both hardwood pulp and softwood pulp, provides binding and disintegrant properties for dry tablets and capsules and has unique functionality that improves the texture and stability of many food products. Carrageenan and alginates, both processed from seaweed, are used in a wide variety of food, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and biopharmaceutical applications, which provides alginate and carrageenan-based encapsulant technologies for pharmaceutical and nutraceutical uses. In our Novamatrix business we are developing technology platforms within biomedical markets which develop and provide ultrapure biopolymers and application know-how for biomedical devices. The following chart summarizes the markets for BioPolymer’s products and our chemistries in each market:

 

      Microcrystalline

cellulose

   Carrageenan    Alginates    Other
Food    Beverage    X    X    X     
   Dairy    X    X    X     
   Convenience foods    X    X    X    X
   Meat and poultry         X    X     
   Pet food and other    X    X    X     
Pharmaceutical    Tablet binding and coating    X    X    X    X
   Anti-reflux              X     
   Liquid suspension    X    X          
   Oral care         X          
   Cosmetic care    X    X    X    X
   Oral dose forms         X    X    X
Novamatrix    Biomedical              X    X

Lithium

Lithium is a vertically-integrated technology business, based on both inorganic and organic lithium chemistries. While lithium is sold into a variety of end-markets, we have focused our efforts on energy storage, specialty polymers and pharmaceuticals.

The electrochemical properties of lithium make it an ideal material for portable energy storage in high performance applications, including heart pacemakers, cell phones, camcorders, personal computers and next-generation technologies that combine cellular and wireless capabilities into a single device. Lithium is also being developed as the enabling element in advanced batteries for use in hybrid electric, plug-in hybrids and all-electric vehicles.

Organolithium products are sold to fine chemical and pharmaceutical customers who use lithium’s unique chemical properties to synthesize high value-added products. Organolithiums are also highly valued in the specialty polymer markets as initiators in the production of synthetic rubbers and elastomers.

 

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The following chart summarizes the major markets for various lithium products:

 

   Primary
Inorganics
   Specialty

Inorganics

   Lithium
Metal/
Ion Battery
Materials
   Organometallics    Intermediates

Fine Chemicals

Pharmaceuticals,

agricultural products

   X         X    X    X

Polymers

Elastomers, synthetic

rubbers, industrial

coatings

                  X    X

Energy Storage

Non-rechargeable

batteries, lithium ion

batteries (rechargeable)

   X    X    X          

Other

Glass & ceramics,

construction, greases

& lubricants, air

treatment,

pool water treatment

   X    X               

Industry Overview

Food Ingredients

Our BioPolymer business serves the texture, structure and physical stability (TSPS) food ingredients market. TSPS ingredients impart physical properties to thicken and stabilize foods. There are many types of TSPS ingredients and a wide range of food groups served, including bakery, meats, dairy and convenience products. The industry is dispersed geographically, with the majority of our sales in Europe, North America and Asia.

Trends driving market growth include increasing consumer interest in healthier foods, greater convenience and growth in per capita consumption of processed foods in emerging markets. The trend toward health and convenience drives the need for more functional ingredients to impart desired food tastes and textures. We believe carrageenan and MCC, which address this need, are growing faster than the overall TSPS market. The global customer base for TSPS is relatively fragmented and includes large and small food processors. Consolidation among these customers has been a significant trend over the past several years. As a result, TSPS ingredient suppliers such as us have focused on establishing alliances with market leaders with the goal of reducing costs, leveraging technology and expanding product offerings with key accounts.

Within the entire food ingredients market, there are a relatively large number of suppliers, due principally to the broad spectrum of chemistries employed. Segment leadership, global position and investment in technology are key factors to sustaining profitability. In addition, larger suppliers may often provide a broader product line and a range of services to food companies including functional systems or blends. The top suppliers of TSPS ingredients include FMC, Danisco A/S, DuPont, J.M. Huber Corporation, Kerry Group plc, Cargill Incorporated, DGF Stoess AG, and Tate & Lyle PLC.

 

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Pharmaceutical Ingredients

Our BioPolymer business sells formulation ingredients to the pharmaceutical industry. Our raw materials function as binders, disintegrants, suspending agents and control release compounds in the production of both solid and liquid pharmaceutical products.

Competitors tend to be grouped by chemistry. Our principal MCC competitors in pharmaceuticals include J. Rettenmaier & Sôhne GmbH, Ming Tai Chemical Co., Ltd., Asahi Kasei Corporation and Blanver Farmoquimica Ltda. While pricing pressure from low cost producers is a common competitive dynamic, companies like us offset that pressure by providing the most reliable and broadest range of products and services. Our customers are pharmaceutical firms who depend upon reliable therapeutic performance of their drug products.

We also supply alginates, MCC and carrageenan into oral care, cosmetics and health care markets. Highly refined extracts from selected seaweeds provide a broad range of alginate functionality, including uses in antireflux disorders, dental impressions, control release of drugs and wound dressings. Special grades of carrageenan extracts are used in liquid cough medicines, toothpaste and a variety of skin care products.

Lithium

Lithium is a highly versatile metal with diverse end-use markets including glass/ceramics, aluminum production, pharmaceuticals, polymers and both rechargeable and disposable batteries. The markets for lithium chemicals are global with significant demand growth occurring outside the U.S. in Japan, China and South Korea. We market a wide variety of lithium-based products ranging from upstream commodity lithium carbonate to highly specialized downstream products such as organolithium compounds and high value materials for batteries.

There are only three key producers of lithium: FMC, Rockwood Holdings, Inc., and Sociedad Química y Minera de Chile S.A., all of which produce lithium carbonate. FMC has a stronger presence in downstream lithium specialties where Rockwood is the primary competitor.

Industrial Chemicals

Financial Information (In millions)

 

Industrial Chemicals:

Revenue and Operating Margin

2005-2009

 

  

Industrial Chemicals:

Capital Expenditures and Depreciation and

Amortization 2005-2009

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Overview

Our Industrial Chemicals segment, which represents 36 percent of our 2009 consolidated revenues, has low-cost positions in high volume inorganic chemicals including soda ash and hydrogen peroxide, complemented by high value, niche positions in specialty alkali, phosphorus and peroxygen products.

Products and Markets

 

Industrial Chemicals:

2009 Sales Mix

 

  

Industrial Chemicals:

2009 Revenue by Region Mix

 

LOGO    LOGO

Industrial Chemicals serves a diverse group of markets, from economically-sensitive industrial sectors to technology-intensive specialty markets. We process and sell refined inorganic products that are sought by customers for their critical reactivity or specific functionality in markets such as glass, detergents and pulp and paper. In addition, we produce, purify and market higher value downstream derivatives into specialized and customer-specific applications. These applications include electronics, biocides and animal nutrition.

Alkali

Our alkali chemical division produces natural soda ash. Soda ash is used by manufacturers in glass, chemical processing and detergent industries. To lesser degrees, we also produce sodium bicarbonate, caustic soda and sodium sesquicarbonate. The majority of our alkali sales are manufactured by and sold through FMC Wyoming Corporation, which we manage as an integral part of our alkali business and in which we own shares representing an 87.5 percent economic interest, with the remaining shares held by two Japanese companies.

We mine and produce natural soda ash using proprietary, low-cost mining technologies, such as longwall and solution mining, which, we believe, give us the lowest cost position. Our two production sites in Green River, Wyoming have the name plate capacity to produce approximately 4.85 million tons of soda ash annually, with approximately 1.3 million tons of this capacity currently mothballed at December 31, 2009. For the past several years, the U.S. soda ash industry was essentially sold out. As a result of this condition, during 2005 and 2006 we restarted 500,000 tons of previously mothballed capacity to meet the increase in demand driven by the growth in export markets. In February, 2008 we announced the recommissioning of the remaining mothballed capacity in Green River, Wyoming. Approximately 100,000 tons of this capacity was commissioned prior to the end of 2008. We expected the remaining capacity, approximately 700,000 tons per year, to be fully online by 2012/2013 depending on export demand growth. However, with the economic downturn in 2009 resulting in a drop in soda ash demand, we again mothballed the Granger facility and consolidated all of our soda ash production at the Westvaco facility. We will restart the Granger operation as soda ash export market conditions warrant its re-start.

Peroxygens

We produce hydrogen peroxide at production facilities in the United States and Canada, and, as described below, through our wholly-owned Foret subsidiary, in Spain and the Netherlands. We also participate in a joint

 

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venture company in Thailand. We sell hydrogen peroxide into the pulp and paper industry, and increasingly to the chemical processing, environmental, electronics and food industries. We are a leading North American producer of hydrogen peroxide due in part to our broad product line, geographically-advantaged plant locations, state-of-the-art processing technology and superior customer service. Hydrogen peroxide represents approximately 65 percent of our peroxygens sales.

Our specialty peroxygens business supplies persulfate products primarily to polymer, printed circuit board, hair care and soil remediation markets. Peracetic acid is predominantly supplied to the food industry for biocidal applications. Typically, we compete as a specialty player where we believe that we are differentiated by our strong technical expertise, unique process technology, intellectual property and geographic location.

Foret

Our European subsidiary, FMC Foret, S.A. (“Foret”), headquartered near Barcelona, Spain, is a leading provider of chemical products to the detergent, paper, textile, mining, and chemical industries. Foret operates six manufacturing facilities across Europe, with market positions in phosphates, hydrogen peroxide, percarbonates, zeolites and silicates. Foret’s sales efforts are focused in Europe, Africa and the Middle East, and in South America mainly via Tripoliven, our Venezuelan joint-venture, in which Foret holds a minority participation.

Industry Overview

We primarily participate in three product areas: soda ash, peroxygens and phosphorus chemicals. These products are generally inorganic and are generally commodities that, in many cases, have few cost-effective substitutes. Growth is typically a function of industrial production in developed economies and a function of the rate of industrialization in developing economies in the export markets. Pricing tends to reflect the supply and demand balance as producers add or reduce capacity in response to demand changes.

Soda Ash

Soda ash is a highly alkaline inorganic chemical essential in the production of glass and widely used in the production of chemicals, soaps and detergents, and many other products. Natural soda ash is typically produced from trona, a natural form of sodium sesquicarbonate, through mining and chemical processing. Soda ash may also be produced synthetically, but this process requires a significant amount of energy and produces large quantities of waste by-products, making it much less cost-effective than natural soda ash production.

Because of the processing cost advantages of trona and the large natural reserves of trona in the U.S., particularly in Green River, Wyoming, all U.S. soda ash is naturally produced. By contrast, due to a lack of trona, the majority of the soda ash that is manufactured in the rest of the world is produced synthetically. Other U.S. producers are OCI Chemical Corporation, Solvay S.A., The General Chemical Group Inc., in which a majority stake is owned by Tata Chemicals Limited, and Nirma Limited.

Approximately 50 percent of U.S. soda ash production served export markets in 2009, with approximately 24 percent of U.S. soda ash production exported through the American Natural Soda Ash Corporation (“ANSAC”). ANSAC is the foreign sales association of Wyoming U.S. soda ash producers established in 1983 under the Webb-Pomerene Act and subsequent legislation. Since its creation, ANSAC has been successful in coordinating soda ash exports, taking advantage of the inherent cost benefits of U.S. produced natural soda ash and leveraging its large scale of operations to the benefit of its member companies. Consequently, U.S. exports of soda ash have increased over threefold in the last 25 years.

Peroxygens

Hydrogen peroxide is typically sold for use as a bleach or oxidizer. As such, it often competes with other chemicals capable of performing similar functions. Some of our specialty peroxygen derivatives (e.g., persulfates

 

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and percarbonates) also function as bleaching or oxidizing agents. Environmental regulations, regional cost differences primarily due to transportation costs, and technical differences in product performance factor into the decision to use hydrogen peroxide or one of its derivatives rather than another product. Since these considerations vary by region, the consumption patterns vary in different parts of the world. Hydrogen peroxide is sold in aqueous solutions, usually 70 percent, 50 percent or 35 percent by weight.

The North American pulp and paper industry represents approximately 65 percent of North American demand for hydrogen peroxide. In this market, hydrogen peroxide is used as an environmentally friendly bleaching agent to brighten chemical, mechanical, and recycled pulps, as well as treat a wide range of mill pollutants in the waste stream. The North American paper market is mature and new investment in pulp and paper capacity is largely focused in Asia and South America. The other North American hydrogen peroxide producers are EKA, a wholly owned subsidiary of Akzo Nobel N.V, Arkema Inc., Evonik Industries AG, Kemira Ovj, and Solvay S.A.

Phosphorous Chemicals

We participate in this business in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and South America through Foret. Major competitors include Societe Chimique Alkimia S.A., Thermphos International BV, Prayon Rupel, S.A. and various Chinese producers. Phosphorous chemicals are used in many industrial applications in a wide array of chemical compounds.

Overall growth in demand for phosphorous chemicals tends to correlate with Gross Domestic Product (“GDP”). Purified phosphoric acid (PPA) and phosphate salts (e.g., sodium phosphates and calcium phosphates) are sold into many markets including detergents, cleaning compounds and animal feed.

The basic input material for making phosphates is now produced using two processes. Most industrial applications use the cost-effective process that involves making PPA by the purification of fertilizer-grade phosphoric acid. Thermal phosphoric acid, long the industry standard, is produced from elemental phosphorus but is more costly due to energy and environmental compliance costs, and is now used in limited applications. Elemental phosphorus is still produced by Thermphos in the Netherlands and in several other countries, including China.

Over the next few years, demand growth for phosphorous chemicals is generally expected to grow with GDP with relatively higher growth in newly industrializing regions.

Source and Availability of Raw Materials

Our raw material requirements vary by business segment and include mineral-related natural resources (trona ore and lithium brines), processed chemicals, seaweed, specialty wood pulps and energy sources such as gas, coal, oil and electricity. Raw materials represented approximately 29 percent of our 2009 costs of sales and services, and no one raw material represented more than nine percent of our total raw material purchases.

Ores used in Industrial Chemicals’ manufacturing processes are extracted by us from mines (e.g. trona in North America) or are purchased from others (e.g. phosphorous rock). Raw materials used by Specialty Chemicals include lithium brines, various types of seaweed that are sourced on a global basis and specialty pulps which are purchased from selected global producers. Raw materials used by Agricultural Products, primarily processed chemicals, are obtained from a variety of suppliers worldwide.

 

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Patents

We own a number of U.S. and foreign patents, trademarks and licenses that are cumulatively important to our business. We do not believe that the loss of any one or group of related patents, trademarks or licenses would have a material adverse effect on the overall business of FMC. The duration of our patents depends on their respective jurisdictions. Their expiration dates range through 2029.

Seasonality

The seasonal nature of the crop protection market and the geographic spread of the Agricultural Products business can result in significant variations in quarterly earnings. Agricultural products sold into the northern hemisphere (North America, Europe and parts of Asia) serve seasonal agricultural markets from March through September, generally resulting in earnings in the first, second and third quarters. Markets in the southern hemisphere (Latin America and parts of the Asia Pacific region, including Australia) are served from July through February, generally resulting in earnings in the third, fourth and first quarters. The remainder of our businesses are generally not subject to significant seasonal fluctuations.

Competition

We have a number one or number two market position in many of our product lines, based on revenue, either globally or in North America, largely as a result of our product offerings, proprietary technologies and our position as a low-cost producer. The following product lines accounted for the majority of our 2009 consolidated revenue. Market positions are based on the most recently available revenue data.

 

Agricultural Products

 

Specialty Chemicals

 

Industrial Chemicals

Product Line

 

Market Position

 

Product Line

 

Market Position

 

Product Line

 

Market Position

Pyrethroids

  #2 in North America   Microcrystalline cellulose   #1 globally   Soda ash   #1 in North America

Carbofuran

  #1 globally   Carrageenan   #1 globally   Persulfates   #1 in North America
    Alginates   #1 globally    
    Lithium specialties   #2 globally    

We encounter substantial competition in each of our three business segments. This competition is expected to continue in both the United States and markets outside of the United States. We market our products through our own sales organization and through alliance partners, independent distributors and sales representatives. The number of our principal competitors varies from segment to segment. In general, we compete by operating in a cost-efficient manner and by leveraging our industry experience to provide advanced technology, high product quality and reliability, and quality customer and technical service.

Our Agricultural Products segment competes primarily in the global chemical crop protection market for insecticides, herbicides and fungicides. The industry is characterized by a relatively small number of large competitors and a large number of smaller, often regional competitors. Industry products include crop protection chemicals and, for certain major competitors, genetically engineered (crop biotechnology) products. Competition from generic agrochemical producers has increased as a significant number of product patents held industry-wide have expired in the last decade. In general, we compete as an innovator by focusing on product development, including novel formulations, proprietary mixes, and advanced delivery systems and by acquiring or licensing (mostly) proprietary chemistries or technologies that complement our product and geographic focus. We also differentiate ourselves by our global cost-competitiveness via our manufacturing strategies, establishing effective product stewardship programs and developing strategic alliances that strengthen market access in key countries and regions.

With significant positions in markets that include alginate, carrageenan, microcrystalline cellulose and lithium-based products, our Specialty Chemicals segment competes on the basis of product differentiation, market applications expertise, customer service and price. BioPolymer competes with both direct suppliers of

 

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cellulose and seaweed extract as well as suppliers of other hydrocolloids, which may provide similar functionality in specific applications. In microcrystalline cellulose, competitors are typically smaller than us, while in seaweed extracts (carrageenan and alginates), we compete with other broad-based chemical companies. We and each of our two most significant competitors in lithium extract the element from naturally occurring lithium-rich brines located in the Andes Mountains of Argentina and Chile which are believed to be the world’s most significant and lowest cost sources of lithium.

Our Industrial Chemicals segment serves the soda ash markets worldwide, the peroxygens markets predominantly in North America and Europe and the phosphorus markets in Europe, the Middle East and Latin America. In North America, our soda ash business competes with four domestic producers of natural soda ash, three of which operate in the vicinity of our mine and processing facilities near Green River, Wyoming. Outside of the U.S, Canada, Europe and South Africa, we sell soda ash mainly through ANSAC. Internationally, our natural soda ash competes with synthetic soda ash manufactured by numerous producers, ranging from integrated multinational companies to smaller regional companies. We maintain a leading position in the North American market for hydrogen peroxide, especially in specialty segments. There are currently five other firms competing in the hydrogen peroxide market in North America but most of them focus primarily on the commodity pulp and paper segment. The primary competitive factor affecting the sales of soda ash and hydrogen peroxide to commodity markets is price. We seek to maintain our competitive position by employing low cost processing technology. At Foret, we possess strong cost and market positions in phosphates, percarbonate, peroxygens, zeolites and silicates. In each of these markets we face significant competition from a range of multinational and regional chemical producers. Competition in phosphorus chemicals is based primarily on price and to a lesser degree product differentiation.

Research and Development Expense

We perform research and development in all of our segments with the majority of our efforts focused in the Agricultural Products segment. The development efforts in the Agricultural Products segment focus on developing environmentally sound solutions and new product formulations that cost-effectively increase farmers’ yields and provide alternatives to existing and new chemistries. Our research and development expenses in the last three years are set forth below:

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
     2009    2008    2007
     (in Millions)

Agricultural Products

   $ 73.1    $ 70.6    $ 69.7

Specialty Chemicals

     12.9      14.9      17.0

Industrial Chemicals

     6.8      8.3      7.9
                    

Total

   $ 92.8    $ 93.8    $ 94.6
                    

Environmental Laws and Regulations

A discussion of environmental related factors can be found in Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and in Note 10 “Environmental” in the notes to our consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K.

Employees

We employ approximately 4,800 people, with approximately 2,300 people in our domestic operations and 2,500 people in our foreign operations. Approximately 33 percent of our U.S.-based employees and 35 percent of our foreign-based employees are represented by collective bargaining agreements. We have successfully concluded virtually all of our recent contract negotiations without a work stoppage. In those rare instances where

 

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a work stoppage has occurred, there has been no material effect on consolidated sales and earnings. We cannot predict, however, the outcome of future contract negotiations. In 2010, we have five collective-bargaining agreements expiring. These contracts affect approximately 28 percent of U.S.-based employees and 28 percent of foreign-based employees.

Securities and Exchange Commission Filings

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings are available free of charge on our website, www.fmc.com. Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports are posted as soon as practicable after we furnish such materials to the SEC.

In accordance with the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) rules, on May 18, 2009, the Company filed our certification by our Chief Executive Officer (CEO) that, as of the date of the certification, he was unaware of any violation by FMC of the NYSE’s corporate governance listing standards. We also file with each Form 10-Q and our Form 10-K certifications by the CEO and Chief Financial Officer under sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Among the factors that could have an impact on our ability to achieve operating results and meet our other goals are:

Worldwide Recession and Disruption of Financial Markets:

 

   

The recent worldwide financial and credit market disruptions reduced the availability of liquidity and credit generally necessary to fund a continuation and expansion of global economic activity. The shortage of liquidity and credit combined with substantial losses in equity markets led to a worldwide economic recession. While we have seen signs of recovery, the general slowdown in economic activity caused by an extended recession could adversely affect our business. A continuation or worsening of the current difficult financial and economic conditions could adversely affect our customers’ ability to meet the terms of sale or our suppliers’ ability to fully perform their commitments to us.

Industry Risks:

Pricing and volumes in our markets are sensitive to a number of industry specific and global issues and events including:

 

   

Capacity utilization—Our businesses are sensitive to industry capacity utilization, particularly in our Industrial Chemicals business. As a result, pricing tends to fluctuate when capacity utilization changes occur within our industry.

 

   

Competition—All of our segments face competition, which could affect our ability to maintain/raise prices, successfully enter certain markets or retain our market position. Additionally, in Agricultural Products, competition from genetically modified products (GMO) as well as generic producers has increased. Generics are driven by the number of significant product patents that have expired in the last decade.

 

   

Changes in our customer base—Our customer base has the potential to change, especially when long term supply contracts are renegotiated. Our Industrial Chemicals and Specialty Chemicals businesses are most sensitive to this risk.

 

   

Climatic conditions—Our Agricultural Products markets are affected by climatic conditions, which could adversely impact crop pricing and pest infestations. The nature of these events makes them difficult to predict.

 

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Changing regulatory environment—Changes in the regulatory environment, particularly in the United States, Brazil and the European Union, could adversely impact our ability to continue selling certain products in our domestic and foreign markets. Our Agricultural Products business is most sensitive to this general regulatory risk. In the European Union, the regulatory risk specifically includes the new chemicals regulation known as REACH (Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals), which will affect each of our business segments to varying degrees. The fundamental principle behind this regulation is that manufacturers must verify that their chemicals can be marketed safely through a special registration system.

 

   

Climate change regulation—Changes in the regulation of greenhouse gases, depending on their nature and scope, could subject our manufacturing operations, particularly certain Industrial Chemicals operations in the United States, to significant additional costs or limits on operations.

 

   

Raw materials and energy costs—Our operating results are significantly affected by the cost of raw materials and energy, including natural gas. We may not be able to fully offset the impact of higher raw materials and energy costs through price increases or productivity improvements.

 

   

Supply arrangements and production hazards—Certain raw materials are critical to our production process, especially in our Agricultural Products and Specialty Chemicals segments. While we have made supply arrangements to meet planned operating requirements, an inability to obtain the critical raw materials or execute under the contract manufacturing arrangements would adversely impact our ability to produce certain products. We increasingly source critical intermediates and finished products from a number of suppliers, especially in Agricultural Products. An inability to obtain these products or execute under the contract sourcing arrangements would adversely impact our ability to sell products. Our facilities and those of our key contract manufacturers are subject to operating hazards, which may disrupt our business.

 

   

Economic and political change—Our business could be adversely affected by economic and political changes in the markets where we compete including: war, terrorism, civil unrest, inflation rates, recessions, trade restrictions, foreign ownership restrictions and economic embargoes imposed by the United States or any of the foreign countries in which we do business; change in governmental laws and regulations and the level of enforcement of these laws and regulations; other governmental actions; and other external factors over which we have no control.

 

   

Market access risk—Our results may be affected by changes in distribution channels, which could impact our ability to access the market. In certain Agricultural Products segments, we access the market through joint ventures in which we do not have majority control. Where we do not have a strong product portfolio or market access relationships, we may be vulnerable to changes in the distribution model or influence of competitors with stronger product portfolios.

 

   

Litigation and environmental risks—Current reserves relating to our ongoing litigation and environmental liabilities may ultimately prove to be inadequate.

 

   

Hazardous materials—We manufacture and transport certain materials that are inherently hazardous due to their toxic or volatile nature. While we take precautions to handle and transport these materials in a safe manner, if they are mishandled or released into the environment they could cause property damage or personal injury claims against us.

Technology Risks:

 

   

Failure to make continued improvements in our product technology and new product introductions could impede our competitive position, particularly in Agricultural Products and Specialty Chemicals.

 

   

Failure to continue to make process improvements to reduce costs could impede our competitive position.

 

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Financial Risks:

 

   

We are an international company and therefore face foreign exchange rate risks. We are particularly sensitive to the euro, the Chinese yuan, and the Brazilian real. To a lesser extent, we are sensitive to other Asian currencies, particularly the Japanese yen.

 

   

In Brazil, our customers face a combination of economic factors that could result in cash flow pressures that lead to slower payments.

 

   

We have significant deferred income tax assets. The carrying value of these assets is dependent upon, among other things, our future performance and our ability to successfully implement our future business plans.

 

   

We have significant investments in long-lived assets and continually review the carrying value of these assets for recoverability in light of changing market conditions and alternative product sourcing opportunities.

 

   

Our results incorporate the financial performance of our equity affiliates. As such, our influence, though significant, is exercised in concert with our partners; accordingly, the performance of these investments is not under our control.

 

   

Obligations related to our pension and postretirement plans reflect certain assumptions. To the extent our plans’ actual experience differs from these assumptions, our costs and funding obligations could increase or decrease significantly.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

FMC leases executive offices in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and operates 34 manufacturing facilities and mines in 18 countries. Our major research and development facility is in Ewing, New Jersey.

Trona ore, used for soda ash production in Green River, Wyoming, is mined primarily from property held under long-term leases. We own the mineral rights to the Salar del Hombre Muerto lithium reserves in Argentina. A number of our chemical plants require the basic raw materials that are provided by these mines, without which other sources would have to be obtained. With regard to our mining properties operated under long-term leases, no single lease or related group of leases is material to our businesses or to our company as a whole.

We believe our facilities meet present requirements and are in good operating condition. The number and location of our owned or leased production properties for continuing operations are:

 

     United
States
   Latin
America
and
Canada
   Western
Europe
   Asia-
Pacific
   Total

Agricultural Products

   2    1    —      3    6

Specialty Chemicals

   3    2    7    6    18

Industrial Chemicals

   3    1    6    —      10
                        

Total

   8    4    13    9    34
                        

 

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ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Like hundreds of other industrial companies, we have been named as one of many defendants in asbestos-related personal injury litigation. Most of these cases allege personal injury or death resulting from exposure to asbestos in premises of FMC or to asbestos-containing components installed in machinery or equipment manufactured or sold by discontinued operations. The machinery and equipment businesses we owned or operated did not fabricate the asbestos-containing component parts at issue in the litigation, and to this day, neither the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration nor the Environmental Protection Agency has banned the use of these components. Further, the asbestos-containing parts for this machinery and equipment were accessible only at the time of infrequent repair and maintenance. Recently, a few jurisdictions have permitted claims to proceed against equipment manufacturers relating to insulation installed by other companies on such machinery and equipment. We believe that, overall, the claims against FMC are without merit. Indeed, the bulk of the claims against us to date have been dismissed without payment.

As of December 31, 2009, there were approximately 22,000 premises and product asbestos claims pending against FMC in several jurisdictions. To date, we have had discharged approximately 85,000 asbestos claims against FMC, the overwhelming majority of which have been dismissed without any payment to the plaintiff. Settlements by us with claimants to date have totaled approximately $31 million.

We intend to continue managing these cases in accordance with our historical experience. We have established a reserve for this litigation and believe that the outcome of these cases will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

In late June 2004, we were served in a lawsuit captioned “Lewis et al v FMC Corporation” which was filed in United States District Court for the Western District of New York. The suit was brought by thirteen residents of Middleport, New York who allege that we violated certain state and federal environmental laws and seeks injunctive relief and monetary damages for personal injuries and property damage in connection with such alleged violations. We believe this suit is without merit.

We have certain other contingent liabilities arising from litigation, claims, performance guarantees and other commitments incident to the ordinary course of business. Based on information currently available and established reserves, the ultimate resolution of our known contingencies, including the matters described in Note 18 to the consolidated financial statements in this Form 10-K, is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or liquidity. However, there can be no assurance that the outcome of these contingencies will be favorable, and adverse results in certain of these contingencies could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

See Note 1 “Principal Accounting Policies and Related Financial Information—Environmental Obligations,” Note 10 “Environmental” and Note 18 “Commitments, Guarantees and Contingent Liabilities” in the notes to our consolidated financial statements beginning on page 61, page 80 and page 107, respectively, included in this Form 10-K, the content of which are incorporated by reference to this Item 3.

 

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ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS

None.

 

ITEM 4A. EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

The executive officers of FMC Corporation, the offices currently held by them, their business experience since at least January 1, 2003 and earlier and their ages as of December 31, 2009, are as follows:

 

Name

  Age on
12/31/2009
  

Office, year of election and other

                  information                  

Pierre R. Brondeau

  52   

President and Chief Executive Officer, Director (10-present); President and Chief Executive Officer of Dow Advanced Materials, a specialty materials company (09); President and Chief Operating Officer of Rohm and Haas Company, a predecessor of Dow Advanced Materials (08); Executive Vice President and Business Group Executive, Electronic Materials and Specialty Materials (07); Vice President and Business Group Executive, Electronic Materials, (03); President and Chief Executive Officer, Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC and Regional Director, Europe, (03); Board Member, Tyco Electronics (07-Present)

W. Kim Foster

  61   

Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (01-present); Vice President and General Manager—Agricultural Products Group (98); Director, International, Agricultural Products Group (96); General Manager, Airport Products and Systems Division (91); Board member, Hexcel Corporation (07-present)

Andrea E. Utecht

  61   

Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary (01-present); Senior Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel, Atofina Chemicals, Inc. (96)

Theodore H. Butz

  51   

Vice President and General Manager—Specialty Chemicals Group (03-present); General Manager, BioPolymer Division (99); General Manager, Food Ingredients Division (96); Director BioProducts and Group Development, Specialty Chemicals (95)

Milton Steele

  61   

Vice President and General Manager Agricultural Products Group (01-present); International Director, Agricultural Products (99); General Manager Bio Product Division (98); General Manager, Asia Pacific (96); Area Manager, Asia Pacific (92)

D. Michael Wilson

  47   

Vice President and General Manager—Industrial Chemicals Group (03-present); General Manager Lithium Division (97); Vice President and General Manager, Technical Specialty Papers Division, Wausau Paper Corporation (96); Vice President Sales and Marketing, Rexam, Inc. (93)

Thomas C. Deas, Jr.

  59   

Vice President and Treasurer (01-present); Vice President, Treasurer and CFO, Applied Tech Products Corp. (98); Vice President, Treasurer and CFO, Airgas, Inc. (97); Vice President, Treasurer and CFO, Maritrans, Inc. (96); Vice President—Treasury and Assistant Treasurer, Scott Paper Company (88)

Graham R. Wood

  56   

Vice President, Corporate Controller (01-Present); Group Controller—Agricultural Products Group (99); Chief Financial Officer—European Region (97); Group Controller—FMC Foodtech (93)

All officers are elected to hold office for one year or until their successors are elected and qualified. No family relationships exist among any of the above-listed officers, and there are no arrangements or understandings between any of the above-listed officers and any other person pursuant to which they serve as an officer. The above-listed officers have not been involved in any legal proceedings during the past ten years of a nature for which the Securities and Exchange Commission requires disclosure that are material to an evaluation of the ability or integrity of any such officer.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

FMC common stock of $0.10 par value is traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the Chicago Stock Exchange (Symbol: FMC). There were 4,238 registered common stockholders as of December 31, 2009. Presented below are the 2009 and 2008 quarterly summaries of the high and low prices of the company’s common stock. Total cash dividends of $36.3 million, $34.4 million and $29.7 million were paid in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The following table sets forth, for the indicated periods, the high and low price ranges of our common stock.

 

Common stock prices:

   2009         2008
   First
Quarter
   Second
Quarter
   Third
Quarter
   Fourth
Quarter
        First
Quarter
   Second
Quarter
   Third
Quarter
   Fourth
Quarter

High

   $ 52.00    $ 56.25    $ 58.13    $ 57.75        $ 59.86    $ 80.23    $ 77.82    $ 51.71

Low

   $ 34.90    $ 41.50    $ 40.69    $ 49.53        $ 46.36    $ 54.73    $ 49.19    $ 28.53
                                                          

FMC’s annual meeting of stockholders will be held at 2:00 p.m. on Tuesday, April 27, 2010, at Top of the Tower, 1717 Arch Street, 50th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19103. Notice of the meeting, together with proxy materials, will be mailed approximately 30 days prior to the meeting to stockholders of record as of March 2, 2010.

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar of Stock:

  Wells Fargo Shareowner Services
  Attn: Manager of Account Administration
  161 North Concord Exchange
  South St. Paul, Minnesota 55075-1139

 

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Stockholder Return Performance Presentation

The graph that follows shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing made by FMC under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

The following Stockholder Performance Graph compares the five-year cumulative total return on FMC’s Common Stock for the period from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2009 with the S&P 500 Index and the S&P 500 Chemicals Index. The comparison assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2004 in FMC’s Common Stock and in both of the indices, and the reinvestment of all dividends.

In August 2009, FMC’s Common Stock was added to the S&P 500 Index and the S&P 500 Chemicals Index and is no longer included in the S&P Midcap 400 Index or the S&P 400 Chemicals Index. For the five year period shown in the Stockholder Performance Graph, there was no material difference in the performance of our former broad market index and industry group index, on the one hand, and our new broad market index and industry group index, on the other hand.

LOGO

 

     2004    2005    2006    2007    2008    2009

FMC Corporation

   100.00    110.08    159.98    229.70    190.37    239.44

S&P 500 Index

   100.00    104.83    121.20    127.85    81.15    102.20

S&P 500 Chemicals Index

   100.00    99.37    115.84    146.81    88.80    127.96

 

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For the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2009, we made the following share repurchases:

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Period

   Total Number
of Shares
    Purchased    
   Average Price
    Per Share    
   Publicly Announced Program
         Total Number of
Shares
    Purchased    
   Total Dollar
Amount

    Purchased    
   Maximum
Dollar Value of
Shares that
May Yet be
    Purchased    

Q1 2009

   26,844    $ 43.51    —      $ —      $ 224,808,309

Q2 2009

   297,315    $ 50.45    297,315    $ 14,999,981    $ 209,808,328

Q3 2009

   387,366    $ 51.57    387,366    $ 19,999,970    $ 189,808,358

October 1-31, 2009

   11,368    $ 50.19    —        —      $ 189,808,358

November 1-30, 2009

   242    $ 51.10    —        —      $ 189,808,358

December 1-31, 2009

   1,313    $ 56.68    —        —      $ 189,808,358
                      

Q4 2009

   12,923    $ 50.87    —        —      $ 189,808,358
                      

Total 2009

   724,448    $ 50.80    684,681    $ 34,999,951    $ 189,808,358
                      

In April 2007, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $250 million of our common stock. In October 2008, the Board authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $250 million of our common stock. Although the repurchase program does not include a specific timetable or price targets and may be suspended or terminated at any time, we expect that the program will be accomplished over the next two years. Shares may be purchased through open market or privately negotiated transactions at the discretion of management based on its evaluation of market conditions and other factors. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2009, we repurchased 684,681 shares under the publicly announced repurchase program for $35.0 million. We also reacquire shares from time to time from employees and non-employee directors to pay taxes owed in connection with the vesting and exercise of awards under our equity compensation plans.

 

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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

The selected consolidated financial and other data presented below for, and as of the end of, each of the years in the five-year period ended December 31, 2009, are derived from our consolidated financial statements. The selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2009.

 

    Year Ended December 31,  
  2009     2008     2007     2006     2005  
  (in Millions, except per share data and ratios)  

Income Statement Data:

         

Revenue

  $ 2,826.6      $ 3,115.3      $ 2,632.9      $ 2,345.9      $ 2,146.0   
                                       

Income from continuing operations before equity in (earnings) loss of affiliates, investment gains, interest income and expense, loss on extinguishment of debt, income taxes and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

    334.7        500.7        228.0        250.8        235.3   
                                       

Income from continuing operations before income taxes and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

    310.0        471.9        195.3        220.2        196.6   
                                       

Income from continuing operations before cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

    257.0        346.5        166.3        151.9        115.9   

Discontinued operations, net of income taxes (1)

    (18.2     (24.9     (24.3     (12.8     6.1   

Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle, net of income
taxes (2)

    —          —          —          —          (0.5
                                       

Net income

    238.8        321.6        142.0        139.1        121.5   

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

    10.3        17.0        9.6        7.8        7.5   
                                       

Net income attributable to FMC stockholders

  $ 228.5      $ 304.6      $ 132.4      $ 131.3      $ 114.0   
                                       

Amounts attributable to FMC stockholders:

         

Continuing operations, net of income taxes

    246.7        329.5        156.7        144.1        108.4   

Discontinued operations, net of income taxes

    (18.2     (24.9     (24.3     (12.8     6.1   

Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle, net of income
taxes (2)

    —          —          —          —          (0.5
                                       

Net income

  $ 228.5      $ 304.6      $ 132.4      $ 131.3      $ 114.0   
                                       

Basic earnings (loss) per common share attributable to FMC stockholders:

         

Continuing operations

  $ 3.40      $ 4.44      $ 2.06      $ 1.86      $ 1.42   

Discontinued operations

    (0.25     (0.34     (0.32     (0.17     0.08   

Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

    —          —          —          —          (0.01
                                       

Net earnings per common share

  $ 3.15      $ 4.10      $ 1.74      $ 1.69      $ 1.49   
                                       

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share attributable to FMC stockholders:

         

Continuing operations

  $ 3.37      $ 4.35      $ 2.02      $ 1.82      $ 1.38   

Discontinued operations

    (0.25     (0.33     (0.31     (0.16     0.08   

Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

    —          —          —          —          (0.01
                                       

Net earnings per common share

  $ 3.12      $ 4.02      $ 1.71      $ 1.66      $ 1.45   
                                       

Balance Sheet Data:

         

Total assets

  $ 3,136.2      $ 2,993.9      $ 2,733.4      $ 2,740.7      $ 2,745.3   

Long-term debt

  $ 610.5      $ 595.0      $ 497.3      $ 576.0      $ 640.7   

Other Data:

         

Ratio of earnings to fixed charges (3)

    9.2x        11.6x        5.1x        5.3x        2.5x   

Cash dividends declared per share

  $ 0.500      $ 0.480      $ 0.405      $ 0.360      $ —     

 

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Footnotes:

 

(1) Discontinued operations, net of income taxes includes the following items related to our discontinued businesses: gains and losses related to adjustments to our estimates of our liabilities for environmental exposures, general liability, workers’ compensation, postretirement benefit obligations, legal defense, property maintenance and other costs, losses for the settlement of litigation and gains related to property sales.
(2) On December 31, 2005, we adopted new accounting guidance related to accounting for conditional asset retirement obligations. The cumulative effect of adoption was an after-tax charge of $0.5 million.
(3) In calculating this ratio, earnings consist of income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle plus interest expense, amortization expense related to debt discounts, fees and expenses, amortization of capitalized interest, interest included in rental expenses (assumed to be one-third of rent) and equity in (earnings) loss of affiliates. Fixed charges consist of interest expense, amortization of debt discounts, fees and expenses, interest capitalized as part of fixed assets and interest included in rental expenses.

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

Statement under the Safe Harbor Provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: We and our representatives may from time to time make written or oral statements that are “forward-looking” and provide other than historical information, including statements contained in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations within, in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or in reports to our stockholders.

In some cases, we have identified forward-looking statements by such words or phrases as “will likely result,” “is confident that,” “expect,” “expects,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “will continue to,” “believe,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “predicts,” “forecasts,” “estimates,” “projects,” “potential,” “intends” or similar expressions identifying “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including the negative of those words and phrases. Such forward-looking statements are based on our current views and assumptions regarding future events, future business conditions and the outlook for the company based on currently available information. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results to be materially different from any results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by any forward-looking statement. These factors include, among other things, the risk factors listed in Item 1A of this Form 10-K. We wish to caution readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made.

 

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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Overview

We are a diversified, global chemical company providing innovative solutions, applications and market leading products to a wide variety of markets. We operate in three distinct business segments: Agricultural Products, Specialty Chemicals and Industrial Chemicals. Our Agricultural Products segment develops, markets and sells all three major classes of crop protection chemicals—insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides—with particular strength in insecticides and herbicides. These products are used in agriculture to enhance crop yield and quality by controlling a broad spectrum of insects, weeds and disease, as well as pest control in non-agricultural markets. Specialty Chemicals consists of our BioPolymer and Lithium businesses and focuses on food ingredients that are used to enhance texture, structure and physical stability, pharmaceutical additives for binding, encapsulation and disintegrant applications, ultrapure biopolymers for medical devices and lithium specialties for pharmaceutical synthesis, specialty polymers and energy storage. Our Industrial Chemicals segment manufactures a wide range of inorganic materials, including soda ash, hydrogen peroxide, specialty peroxygens and phosphorus chemicals.

2009 Highlights

Our businesses this year have each been affected by the downturn in the global economy but to varying degrees. Revenues in the aggregate are down nine percent versus 2008. Our Industrial Chemicals segment has been the most impacted with revenues down 21 percent as a result of lower volume due to weak global demand particularly in end markets for flat glass, detergents and pulp and paper. Our Specialty Chemicals segment had mixed results with lithium volumes down on weak end markets in industrial and electronics. BioPolymer continued to grow revenue based on good commercial performance and the alginates acquisition made in the third quarter of 2008. Our Agricultural Products segment also had mixed results as lower revenues in Europe and Asia were mostly offset by growth in the Americas.

Despite the lower revenues, we did have higher operating profits compared to the prior year in both our Agricultural Products and Specialty Chemicals segments of 18 percent and five percent, respectively. However the decrease in revenues due to volume declines across our Industrial Chemicals businesses led to a decrease in operating profits in this segment of 55 percent from prior year. See “Segment Results” section starting on page 30 for further discussion on the results of our operating segments.

In response to these weaker market conditions, we made a number of decisions this year to realign some of our operating assets. During the first quarter, we made the decision to shut down the peroxygens manufacturing facility in Santa Clara, Mexico and the lithium facility in Bayport, Texas. During the second quarter, we decided to shut down Foret’s operations in Barcelona, Spain and in the third quarter, we made the decision to curtail soda ash operations at our Granger, Wyoming facility and to shut down our Lithium metal production unit in Bromborough, UK. As a result of these decisions, we incurred significantly higher restructuring and other income (charges) in 2009 compared to 2008.

During the first half of 2009, we completed two acquisitions in our Agricultural Products business. We acquired the CB Professional Products line of insect control products from Waterbury Companies, Inc. and the proprietary fungicide Benalaxyl from Isagro S.p.A. Both of these acquisitions fit our strategic goal of offering an expanding product portfolio in focused markets. Additionally, we announced plans at the beginning of this year to realign our BioPolymer alginates manufacturing operations in Norway and the United Kingdom as the company continues the integration of the International Specialty Products (ISP) alginates business acquired in August 2008.

2010 Outlook

In 2010, despite what is expected to be a tempered recovery of the downturn in global economic conditions experienced in 2009, we expect a year of solid performance. We expect to have an increase to our revenues

 

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driven by higher volumes in most regions, particularly Brazil, in our Agricultural Products segment, volume growth and higher selling prices in Biopolymer in our Specialty Chemicals segment and flat revenue in our Industrial Chemicals segment driven by stronger volumes but offset by reduced selling prices.

We expect an increase in earnings, driven by higher sales in our Agricultural Products segment, volume driven growth and productivity improvements in our Specialty Chemicals segment and volume growth and favorable raw material and energy costs in our Industrial Chemicals segment. Our earnings growth is expected to be offset by less favorable product and geographic mix and increased spending on growth initiatives in our Agricultural Products segment, reduced selling prices in our Industrial Chemicals segment and higher pension expenses. We expect cash flow from our business segments to remain strong.

Results of Operations—2009, 2008 and 2007

Overview

The following presents a reconciliation of our segment operating profit to net income attributable to FMC stockholders as seen through the eyes of our management. For management purposes, we report the operating performance of each of our business segments based on earnings before interest and income taxes excluding corporate expenses, other income (expense), net and corporate special income/(charges).

 

      Year Ended December 31,  
     2009     2008     2007  
     (in Millions)  

Revenue

  

Agricultural Products

   $ 1,051.6      $ 1,058.7      $ 889.7   

Specialty Chemicals

     753.1        764.5        659.5   

Industrial Chemicals

     1,026.7        1,296.9        1,087.1   

Eliminations

     (5.2     (4.8     (3.4
                        

Total

   $ 2,826.2      $ 3,115.3      $ 2,632.9   
                        

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes

      

Agricultural Products

   $ 289.0      $ 245.2      $ 207.0   

Specialty Chemicals

     159.6        152.0        142.7   

Industrial Chemicals

     89.7        201.4        92.5   

Eliminations

     (0.1     (0.1     —     
                        

Segment operating profit (1)

     538.2        598.5        442.2   

Corporate

     (44.1     (49.8     (52.3

Other income (expense), net

     (27.5     (8.6     (12.0

Interest expense, net

     (27.0     (31.9     (34.9

Corporate special income (charges):

      

Restructuring and other income (charges)

     (132.8     (49.6     (164.9

Impairment of Perorsa joint venture

     —          (1.4     —     

LIFO inventory correction adjustment

     —          —          6.1   

Purchase accounting inventory fair value impact and other related inventory adjustments

     (7.1     (2.3     —     

Gain from Astaris joint venture

     —          —          0.4   

Noncontrolling interest associated with restructuring and other income (charges)

     —          —          1.4   

Loss on extinguishment of debt

     —          —          (0.3

Provision for income taxes

     (53.0     (125.4     (29.0

Discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (18.2     (24.9     (24.3
                        

Net income attributable to FMC stockholders

   $ 228.5      $ 304.6      $ 132.4   
                        

 

(1) Results for all segments are net of noncontrolling interests in 2009, 2008 and 2007 of $10.3 million, $17.0 million and $11.0 million, respectively. The majority of these noncontrolling interests pertain to our Industrial Chemicals segment.

 

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The below chart, which is provided to assist the readers of our financial statements, depicts certain after-tax charges (gains). These items are excluded by us in the measures we use to evaluate business performance and determine certain performance-based compensation. These after-tax items are discussed in detail within the “Other results of operations” section that follows. Additionally, the below chart discloses our Non-GAAP financial measure “After-tax income from continuing operations, excluding restructuring and other income and charges” reconciled from the GAAP financial measure “Net income attributable to FMC stockholders”. We believe that this measure provides useful information about our operating results to investors and securities analysts. We also believe that excluding the effect of restructuring and other income and charges from operating results allows management and investors to compare more easily the financial performance of our underlying businesses from period to period. This measure should not be considered as a substitute for net income (loss) or other measures of performance or liquidity reported in accordance with GAAP.

 

      Year Ended December 31,  
     2009     2008     2007  
     (in Millions)  

Net income attributable to FMC stockholders

   $ 228.5      $ 304.6      $ 132.4   

Corporate special charges (income), pre-tax

     139.9        53.3        157.0   

Income tax expense (benefit) on Corporate special charges (income)

     (38.8     (23.0     (58.8
                        

Corporate special charges (income), net of income taxes

     101.1        30.3        98.2   

Loss on extinguishment of debt, net of income taxes

     —          —          0.2   

Discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     18.2        24.9        24.3   

Tax adjustments

     (43.7     (8.7     (15.4
                        

After-tax income from continuing operations excluding restructuring and other income and charges

   $ 304.1      $ 351.1      $ 239.7   
                        

Year Ended December 31, 2009 compared to December 31, 2008

In the following discussion, “year” refers to the year ended December 31, 2009 and “prior year” refers to the year ended December 31, 2008. Additionally, in the discussion below, please refer to our chart on page 29 under “Overview”. All comparisons are between the periods unless otherwise noted.

Segment Results

For management purposes, segment operating profit is defined as segment revenue less operating expenses (segment operating expenses consist of costs of sales and services, selling, general and administrative expenses and research and development expenses). We have excluded the following items from segment operating profit: corporate staff expense, interest income and expense associated with corporate debt facilities and investments, income taxes, gains (or losses) on divestitures of businesses, restructuring and other charges (income), investment gains and losses, loss on extinguishment of debt, asset impairments, LIFO inventory adjustments, amortization of inventory step-up from business acquisitions and other related inventory adjustments, and other income and expense items.

Information about how each of these items relates to our businesses at the segment level and results by segment are discussed below and in Note 19 to our consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K.

Agricultural Products

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
   Increase/
(Decrease)
 
   2009    2008    $     %  
   (in Millions)  

Revenue

   $ 1,051.6    $ 1,058.7    $ (7.1   (1 )% 

Operating Profit

     289.0      245.2      43.8      18   

 

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Revenue of $1,051.6 million was one percent lower than the prior year period as sales gains in North America, Latin America (which is primarily Brazil) and non-crop markets and generally higher pricing across the entire business were more than fully offset by lower sales in Europe and Asia, which also included unfavorable currency impacts in these two regions. North American revenues increased three percent on new product introductions, price increases and sales from the CB Professional Products line acquisition. Revenues in Europe declined 11 percent due to weaker markets and unfavorable currency impacts. In Latin America, revenues increased two percent primarily due to improved second half market conditions in Brazil, partially offset by unfavorable currency impacts. In Asia, revenues declined two percent due mainly to unfavorable weather conditions, weak pest pressures and unfavorable currency impacts.

Segment operating profit of $289.0 million was 18 percent higher than the prior year, driven by growth from new products, particularly in North America and Brazil, better second half market conditions in Brazil, higher selling prices in most regions, continued global supply chain productivity improvements, the benefit of indirect tax recoveries in Brazil, lower raw material costs and lower selling and administrative expenses.

In 2010, we expect full-year revenue growth in the mid-single digits, reflecting increased volumes in most regions, particularly in Brazil, due to projected improving market conditions and growth in new and recently introduced products. Full-year segment operating profit growth is expected in the mid to high single digits as a result of higher projected sales in most regions, partially offset by less favorable product and geographic mix, and increased spending on growth initiatives.

Certain Regulatory Issues

In our Agricultural Products segment, several products are undergoing re-registration in the U.S. and/or a comparable regulatory review by the European Union (“EU”) governmental authorities. In August 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issued its “Interim Reregistration Eligibility Decision” (“IRED”) for our carbofuran insecticide. The IRED proposes cancellation of all carbofuran uses in the United States, subject to a phase out period for certain minor crop uses while maintaining tolerances for imported commodities (bananas, coffee, rice and sugarcane). The EPA reiterated its proposal in January 2008 with the issuance of a draft Notice of Intent to Cancel. In February 2008, the EPA convened a Scientific Advisory Panel meeting to evaluate scientific issues relevant to the draft Notice of Intent to Cancel carbofuran. Separately, the U.S. Department of Agriculture issued its comments on the draft cancellation notice, stating that carbofuran should continue to be registered. On July 24, 2008, the EPA published a proposal to revoke all carbofuran tolerances under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act in advance of any issuance of a final Notice of Intent to Cancel under the federal pesticide law. We responded to that notice, expressing our strong disagreement with the EPA’s proposal to revoke tolerances and our belief that carbofuran residues on food do not pose a threat to human health. In May 2009, the EPA published its final revocation of all carbofuran tolerances effective December 31, 2009. We filed our objections to this revocation and requested a hearing before an administrative law judge. On October 30, 2009, EPA issued its decision to deny our objections and request for a hearing. We believe that we are entitled to a hearing and we have challenged this decision by seeking judicial review in the U.S. federal courts. The Court of Appeals granted expedited review of our case and will hear arguments in Spring 2010. In light of the December 31, 2009 tolerance revocation, FMC has now ceased sales of carbofuran in the United States. FMC’s sales of carbofuran in the United States are not significant. The outcome of any litigation to compel a hearing is uncertain. We do not know the EPA’s timing on a final Notice of Intent to Cancel the carbofuran registration, though the EPA has said it intends to issue such notice after the tolerance revocation decision.

In June 2007, the European Commission published its decisions not to include carbofuran and carbosulfan on the official list of active ingredients approved for continued sale in the EU. The published decisions required EU Member States to de-register the products within six months, and so FMC ceased its sales of these products in December 2007. We disagreed with the Commission’s decisions and underlying assessment. We have re-submitted carbosulfan for approval on the official list. The outcome of our regulatory resubmission is

 

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uncertain. We have decided not to continue pursuing a carbofuran resubmission due to various considerations, including our plans to substitute the most significant EU carbofuran uses with other FMC products and/or applications.

Also in the EU, in March 2009 the Commission proposed not to include our pyrethroid insecticide bifenthrin on the official list, but the Standing Committee rejected that proposal. The regulatory decision was referred to the EU Council of Ministers. In July 2009, the process concluded whereby the Commission’s non-inclusion proposal will now be implemented. The non-inclusion decision was adopted on November 30, 2009. FMC has an additional six months to sell bifenthrin (i.e., through end-May 2010), and subsequently, in most countries, there will be up to 6-12 months for further sale and use. Accordingly, we do not anticipate a material sales impact in 2010. We have re-submitted for reconsideration and will seek to minimize any interruption in sales.

We intend to defend vigorously all our products in the U.S., EU and other countries’ regulatory processes where FMC’s pesticide products will be reviewed in the ordinary course of regulatory programs during 2010 as part of the ongoing cycle of re-registration in countries around the world. Recently, the Brazilian health agency has informed us that they intend to review carbofuran along with 13 other major pesticides, but has yet to issue any required formal announcement that identifies their specific concerns or preliminary position on re-registration. FMC is cooperating and defending our product in this process. Under the Brazilian regulatory process, any recommendation would need public notice and comment as well as concurrence from the Brazilian environmental and agricultural ministries before any regulatory change is effective. Thus, we do not expect a potential sales impact in 2010.

Specialty Chemicals

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
   Increase/
(Decrease)
 
   2009    2008    $     %  
     (in Millions)  

Revenue

   $ 753.1    $ 764.5    $ (11.4   (1 )% 

Operating Profit

     159.6      152.0      7.6      5   

Specialty Chemicals revenue of $753.1 million decreased one percent versus the prior year period. The decrease was driven primarily by lower volumes across the Lithium business mostly offset by higher selling prices and a full year of revenue related to the acquisitions in the mid-third quarter of 2008 in BioPolymer.

BioPolymer revenues increased to $579.2 million which is eight percent higher than prior year. This change was due to the benefit of a full year of revenue related to the acquisitions in the mid-third quarter of 2008 which increased revenue by ten percent. Improved pricing and mix increased revenue by an additional five percent. These benefits were partially offset by volume declines of approximately three percent and the impact of a weaker euro.

Lithium revenues of $173.9 million declined 24 percent from the prior year primarily due to weak demand across the business.

Segment operating profit of $159.6 million was five percent higher than the prior year as favorable commercial performance in BioPolymer, the benefits of acquisitions in Biopolymer, productivity initiatives and a recovery of export taxes in Argentina were partially offset by lower lithium volumes, temporary plant curtailments to reduce inventories and unfavorable currency translation.

In 2010, we expect full-year revenue to increase approximately 10 percent driven by volume growth across BioPolymer markets and lithium primaries, augmented by higher BioPolymer selling prices. Full-year segment operating profit is expected to be up in the mid-teens, reflecting volume-driven sales growth and productivity improvements.

 

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Industrial Chemicals

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
   Increase/
(Decrease)
 
     2009    2008    $     %  
     (in Millions)  

Revenue

   $ 1,026.7    $ 1,296.9    $ (270.2   (21 )% 

Operating Profit

     89.7      201.4      (111.7   (55

Industrial Chemicals revenue of $1,026.7 million decreased 21 percent versus the prior year period due primarily to volume declines across the segment. These volume declines reduced segment revenues by approximately 15 percent, while pricing remained flat, despite a significant year-over-year reduction in pricing for phosphates. The remaining decline of approximately six percent was driven primarily by unfavorable currency impacts and reduced freight billings in line with the volume declines noted above. Soda ash revenues were down on lower volumes with pricing improvements, partially offsetting these unfavorable impacts. Foret revenues were down on lower volumes and pricing, particularly for phosphates and an unfavorable euro. Finally, North American Peroxygens revenue decreased primarily due to volume declines, partially offset by pricing improvements.

Segment operating profit of $89.7 million was 55 percent lower than the prior period, driven by lower volumes across the segment.

For 2010, we expect full-year revenue to be level compared to 2009 as stronger volumes in every business are offset by reduced selling prices. Full-year segment operating profit is expected to be up 5-15 percent to prior year, as volume growth and favorable raw material and energy costs are partially offset by lower selling prices.

Other Results of Operations

Corporate Expenses

We recorded charges of $44.1 million in 2009 compared to $49.8 million in 2008. The decrease was primarily due to reduced incentive compensation expense and reductions in discretionary spending compared to the prior year. Corporate expenses are included as a component of the line item “Selling, general and administrative expenses” on our consolidated statements of income.

Other income (expense), net

Other income (expense), net is comprised primarily of LIFO inventory adjustments and pension expense. Other expense was $27.5 million in 2009 compared to $8.6 million in 2008. The increase was due primarily to higher charges related to our LIFO inventory reserves, higher pension expense and an increase to the mark to market impact of our deferred compensation liability. Other income (expense), net is included as a component of the line item “Costs of sales and services” on our consolidated statements of income.

Interest Expense, net

The 2009 net interest expense decreased to $27.0 million compared to $31.9 million in 2008 primarily due to lower interest rates on the borrowings under our credit agreements as compared to the prior period.

 

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Corporate special income (charges)

Restructuring and other charges (income) were $132.8 million in 2009 compared to $49.6 million in 2008. Please see the table and further discussion regarding our restructuring and other charges (income) in Note 7 to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Form 10-K. Charges in this category for the year ended December 31, 2009, include the following:

Restructuring Charges and Asset Impairments

 

   

A $1.8 million charge in our Agricultural Products segment due to our decision to phase-out operations at our Baltimore, Maryland agricultural chemicals facility. The charge consisted of (i) demolition costs of $1.2 million and (ii) other shutdown costs of $0.6 million. We ceased production at this facility in the second quarter of 2008.

 

   

A $13.3 million charge in our Specialty Chemicals segment due to the realignment of our BioPolymer alginates manufacturing operations. The charge consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $8.6 million, (ii) severance and employee benefits of $3.9 million and (iii) other shut down charges of $0.8 million.

 

   

A $7.5 million charge in our Specialty Chemicals segment due to our decision to close our Bayport butyllithium facility located in Bayport, Texas. The charge consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $6.8 million and (ii) severance and employee benefits of $0.7 million.

 

   

A $7.4 million charge in our Specialty Chemicals segment due to our decision to close our Lithium metal production unit at our Bromborough, UK plant. The charge consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $5.0 million, (ii) severance and employee benefits of $1.8 million and (iii) other shut down charges of $0.6 million.

 

   

A $25.8 million charge in our Industrial Chemicals segment due to our decision to phase out operations of our Barcelona, Spain facility. The charge consisted of (i) severance and employee benefits of $10.1 million, (ii) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $15.2 million and (iii) other shut down costs of $0.5 million.

 

   

A $6.7 million charge in our Industrial Chemicals segment due to our decision to shut down our manufacturing operations at our Peroxygens facility in Santa Clara, Mexico. The charge consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $3.5 million, (ii) severance and employee benefits of $1.5 million and (iii) other shut down costs of $1.7 million.

 

   

$12.4 million of severance costs due to other workforce restructurings, of which $11.0 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment and $1.4 million related to our Specialty Chemicals segment.

 

   

Other asset abandonment charges of $6.4 million, of which $2.6 million related to our Agricultural Products segment, $2.7 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment and $1.1 million related to our Specialty Chemicals segment. Asset abandonment charges were determined based upon our decision and related analysis to abandon these assets before the end of their previously estimated life.

 

   

$0.2 million of other charges primarily representing adjustments related to previously recorded restructuring reserves.

Other Charges (Income), Net

 

   

A $2.3 million net gain as a result of exiting our leases at our Princeton facility.

 

   

A gain of $1.0 million as a result of the sale of our sodium sulfate co-generation facility in our Industrial Chemicals segment.

 

   

A charge of $21.0 million related to the resolution of a regulatory matter in our Industrial Chemicals segment.

 

   

A charge of $3.3 million related to the settlement of a legal matter in our Industrial Chemicals segment.

 

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$5.6 million of charges representing settlements with state authorities for property claims.

 

   

Corporate charges of $20.2 million relating to environmental remediation at operating sites.

 

   

Charges of $2.0 million related to our Agricultural Products segment acquiring further rights under a collaboration and license agreement with a third-party company.

 

   

$2.5 million of other charges primarily representing the accrual of interest associated with the European Commission fine.

The restructuring and other charges (income) of $49.6 million recorded in 2008 were a result of the following:

Restructuring Charges and Asset Impairments

 

   

A $31.5 million charge in our Agricultural Products segment due to our decision in 2007 to phase-out operations at our Baltimore, Maryland agricultural chemicals facility. These charges consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets of $27.0 million, (ii) severance and employee benefits of $1.4 million, and (iii) other shutdown charges of $3.1 million.

 

   

A $5.6 million charge in our Agricultural Products segment due to our decision in 2008 to phase-out operations at our Jacksonville, Florida facility. The charge consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets of $3.8 million, (ii) severance and employee benefits of $1.0 million and (iii) other shutdown charges of $0.8 million.

 

   

Severance costs due to workforce restructurings of $8.1 million, of which $3.2 million related to our Agricultural Products segment, $0.7 million related to our Specialty Chemicals segment and $4.2 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment.

 

   

Asset abandonment charges of $7.0 million, of which $2.2 million related to our Agricultural Products segment, $1.5 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment and $3.3 million related to our Specialty Chemicals segment.

Other Charges (Income), Net

 

   

A gain on the sale of the Princeton property of $29.0 million, completed on March 18, 2008.

 

   

A gain on the sale of Foret’s sodium sulfate assets of $3.6 million. Foret is part of our Industrial Chemicals segment.

 

   

A $10.0 million charge related to an agreement in principle to settle a class action alleging violations of antitrust law involving our hydrogen peroxide product in our Industrial Chemicals segment.

 

   

$16.2 million of charges relating to environmental remediation at operating sites as a Corporate charge.

 

   

A $1.0 million charge related to our Agricultural Products segment extending their rights associated with the collaboration and license agreement discussed below.

 

   

$2.8 million of other charges primarily representing the accrual of interest associated with the European Commission fine.

Impairment of Perorsa joint venture represents a $1.4 million charge related to the impairment of our Perorsa joint venture in our Industrial Chemicals segment. On the consolidated statements of income this charge is included in “Equity in (earnings) loss of affiliates” for the year ended December 31, 2008. There is no such comparable charge in 2009.

Purchase accounting inventory fair value impact and other related inventory adjustments for the year ended December 31, 2009, totaled $7.1 million. In purchase accounting, inventory is stepped up from its cost value to estimated selling prices less costs to sell. This line item represented charges related to amortization of the

 

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inventory fair value step-up associated with the third quarter 2008 acquisition in our Specialty Chemicals segment and the first quarter 2009 acquisition in our Agricultural Products segment. Additionally the amount in 2009 includes inventory adjustments related to the third quarter 2008 acquisition in our Specialty Chemicals segment and subsequent alginates business restructuring. For the year ended December 31, 2008, the charges of $2.3 million represented the amortization of the inventory fair value step-up resulting from the application of purchase accounting associated with the third quarter 2008 acquisition in our Specialty Chemicals segment. On the consolidated statements of income, these charges are included in “Costs of sales and services”.

Provision for income taxes

We recorded a provision of $53.0 million in 2009 compared with a provision of $125.4 million in 2008 resulting in effective tax rates of 17.1 percent and 26.6 percent, respectively. The change in the effective tax rate was a result of a change in the mix of domestic income compared to income earned outside of the U.S. and favorable tax adjustments partially offset by a charge in 2009 related to the resolution of a regulatory matter in our Industrial Chemicals segment that is nondeductible for tax purposes. Income we earn domestically is typically taxed at rates higher than income earned outside the U.S. The effective tax rates were also impacted by tax adjustments recorded during 2009 and 2008. These tax adjustments are described below.

2009 tax adjustments were favorable in the amount of $43.7 million and are primarily a result of a reduction in our liability for unrecognized tax benefits due to favorable settlements of tax audits and the expiration of statutes of limitations as well as the reversal of certain tax valuation allowances. These valuation allowances were no longer necessary because of our expectation that the related deferred tax assets were likely to be realized.

2008 tax adjustments were favorable in the amount of $8.7 million and primarily result from a benefit to adjust our reserve for unrecognized tax benefits due to favorable settlements of tax audits. Partially offsetting this benefit are charges associated with adjustments for prior years’ tax matters.

Discontinued operations, net of income tax

Our discontinued operations represent adjustments to retained liabilities primarily related to operations discontinued between 1976 and 2001. The primary liabilities retained include environmental liabilities, other post-retirement benefit liabilities, self-insurance and long-term obligations related to legal proceedings.

Discontinued operations, net of income tax totaled a loss of $18.2 million in 2009 versus a loss of $24.9 million in 2008. The 2009 loss is primarily related to environmental charges associated with our Front Royal and Middleport sites and operating and maintenance activities partially offset by recoveries related to our Front Royal site. The 2009 loss also includes charges for legal reserves and expenses related to discontinued operations. The 2008 loss is primarily related to environmental charges associated with our Front Royal and Middleport sites and charges for legal reserves and expenses related to discontinued operations. Discontinued environmental charges include environmental remediation costs at sites of discontinued businesses for which we are responsible for environmental compliance.

Net income attributable to FMC stockholders

Net income attributable to FMC stockholders decreased to $228.5 million in 2009 compared with $304.6 million in 2008. The decrease was primarily due to lower Industrial Chemicals segment operating profit and significantly higher restructuring and other charges (income). Partially offsetting these decreases were higher profits in our Agricultural Products segment and to a lesser extent, our Specialty Chemicals segment.

Year Ended December 31, 2008 compared to December 31, 2007

In the following discussion, “year” refers to the year ended December 31, 2008 and “prior year” refers to the year ended December 31, 2007. Additionally, in the discussion below, please refer to our chart on page 29 under “Overview”. All comparisons are between the periods unless otherwise noted.

 

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Segment Results

Agricultural Products

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
   Increase/
(Decrease)
 
     2008    2007    $    %  
     (in Millions)  

Revenue

   $ 1,058.7    $ 889.7    $ 169.0    19

Operating Profit

     245.2      207.0      38.2    18   

Revenue of $1,058.7 million increased 19 percent versus the prior year period. North America revenues grew by nine percent, Europe, Middle East and Africa by 33 percent, Asia by 12 percent and Latin America by 22 percent. Revenue benefited from favorable global agrochemical market conditions, increased planted acres in key crops, new product introductions and selective price increases to offset higher input costs.

Segment operating profit of $245.2 million was 18 percent higher than the prior year. The earnings from the higher revenue coupled with supply chain productivity improvements from the shutdown of the Baltimore manufacturing facility were partially offset by higher raw materials costs. To a lesser extent, higher selling costs to support the higher revenues also impacted operating profit in 2008.

Specialty Chemicals

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
   Increase/
(Decrease)
 
     2008    2007    $    %  
     (in Millions)  

Revenue

   $ 764.5    $ 659.5    $ 105.0    16

Operating Profit

     152.0      142.7      9.3    7   

Revenue of $764.5 million increased 16 percent versus the prior year period of which four percent was the result of revenue from the two acquisitions that closed in the third quarter of 2008. Excluding the effects of these acquisitions, BioPolymer revenues increased 14 percent on volume growth, particularly in food and personal care and price increases to partially offset rising input costs. Lithium revenues increased eight percent versus the prior period where volumes, particularly in primary compounds and specialty organics, have increased.

Segment operating profit of $152.0 million was seven percent higher than the prior year. Price increases were offset by rising raw material and energy costs particularly for seaweed and wood pulp during the period of $41.3 million. To a lesser extent, the introduction of export taxes in Argentina in 2008 also reduced operating profits.

Industrial Chemicals

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
   Increase/
(Decrease)
 
     2008    2007    $    %  
     (in Millions)  

Revenue

   $ 1,296.9    $ 1,087.1    $ 209.8    19

Operating Profit

     201.4      92.5      108.9    118   

Revenue of $1,296.9 million increased 19 percent versus the prior year period. Alkali revenues increased 16 percent period-over-period primarily due to higher pricing. Soda ash volumes were up marginally. Peroxygen revenues period-over-period were higher by six percent with higher pricing being partially offset by volume declines in the fourth quarter due to the economic downturn. Foret revenues period-over-period were higher by

 

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31 percent due mainly to higher pricing for phosphates, the effect of a stronger euro and improved electricity selling prices. Foret operates electricity cogeneration facilities and sells excess electricity into the Spanish electrical grid.

Segment operating profit of $201.4 million was 118 percent higher than the prior period. Higher pricing in Alkali and Foret more than offset the increase in raw materials, particularly for phosphate rock for the segment of $54.6 million period over period.

Other Results of Operations

Corporate Expenses

We recorded charges of $49.8 million in 2008 compared to $52.3 million in 2007. The decrease was primarily due to reduced legal costs associated with the legal settlement with Solutia that occurred in 2007. Corporate expenses are included as a component of the line item “Selling, general and administrative expenses” on our consolidated statements of income.

Other income (expense), net

Other income (expense), net is comprised primarily of LIFO inventory adjustments and pension expense. Other expense was $8.6 million in 2008 compared to $12.0 million in expense in 2007. This decrease was primarily due to the mark to market impact of our deferred compensation liability, reduced incentive accruals, lower pension expense partially offset by a charge related to LIFO inventory reserves. Other income (expense), net is included as a component of the line item “Costs of sales and services” on our consolidated statements of income.

Interest Expense, net

The 2008 amount decreased to $31.9 million compared to $34.9 million in 2007 primarily due to the replacement of high-interest fixed-rate U.S. debt with lower interest floating-rate U.S. debt.

Corporate special income (charges)

Restructuring and other charges (income) were $49.6 million in 2008 compared to $164.9 million in 2007. Refer to page 35 for a list of the charges in this category for the year ended December 31, 2008. The restructuring and other charges (income) of $164.9 million recorded in 2007 were a result of the following:

Restructuring Charges and Asset Impairments

 

   

Charges totaling $104.9 million for our phase-out of the Agricultural Products chemical facility in Baltimore, Maryland in our Agricultural Products segment. These charges consisted of (i) plant and equipment impairment charges and accelerated depreciation on fixed assets of $98.7 million and (ii) severance and employee benefits of $6.2 million.

 

   

Asset abandonment charges of $12.2 million at Foret which is part of our Industrial Chemicals business. These charges include an impairment charge of $8.2 million related to a co-generation facility at Foret. This facility produced electric power and thermal energy by co-generation for use at one of Foret’s production properties. Additionally, we abandoned certain fixed assets also at Foret and recorded impairment charges of $4.0 million.

 

   

$6.8 million of severance costs, of which $5.6 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment and $1.2 million related to our Agricultural Products segment.

 

   

$1.1 million of asset abandonment charges in our Industrial Chemicals segment.

 

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Other Charges (Income), Net

 

   

Solutia legal settlement of $22.5 million in our Industrial Chemicals segment. This settlement was approved by the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in the Southern District of New York (where Solutia had filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2003) on May 1, 2007, without any appeal having been taken.

 

   

We recorded $1.8 million of charges related to an agreement to settle state court cases alleging violations of antitrust law involving our microcrystalline cellulose product (“MCC”) in our Specialty Chemicals segment.

 

   

$10.2 million relating to environmental remediation at operating sites as a Corporate charge.

 

   

A $2.0 million charge related to our Agricultural Products segment acquiring the original rights under a collaboration and license agreement with a third-party company for the purpose of obtaining certain technology and intellectual property rights as well as acquiring the rights from a third-party company to develop their proprietary fungicide.

 

   

$3.4 million of other charges primarily in our Industrial Chemicals and Specialty Chemicals segments.

Impairment of Perorsa joint venture represents a $1.4 million charge related to the impairment of our Perorsa joint venture in our Industrial Chemicals segment. On the consolidated statements of income this charge is included in “Equity in (earnings) loss of affiliates” for the year ended December 31, 2008. There were no comparable charges in 2007.

LIFO inventory correction adjustment represents a non-cash gain of $6.1 million related to an adjustment to our last in, first out (LIFO) inventory reserves as a result of a correction in determining our initial LIFO inventory base year. This gain was recorded to “Costs of sales and services” for the year ended December 31, 2007 in the consolidated statements of income. There were no comparable gains in 2008.

Purchase accounting inventory fair value impact and other related inventory adjustments was a $2.3 million charge related to amortization of the inventory step-up resulting from purchase accounting associated with acquisitions that closed in the third quarter of 2008 in our Specialty Chemicals segment. On the consolidated statements of income, this charge is included in “Costs of sales and services” for the year ended December 31, 2008. There were no comparable charges in 2007.

Gain from Astaris joint venture represents a gain of $0.4 million representing the difference between the carrying value of our remaining investment in the Astaris joint venture and cash received from the joint venture. This gain is included in “Equity in (earnings) of affiliates” in the consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2007. In 2005, Astaris sold substantially all of the assets of its businesses and the buyers also assumed certain of the liabilities of Astaris. There were no comparable gains in 2008.

Noncontrolling interest associated with restructuring and other income (charges) represents $1.4 million associated with our decision to abandon a co-generation facility at Foret during the second quarter of 2007. This amount is shown in “Noncontrolling interests” on the consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2007. There were no comparable charges in 2008.

Loss on extinguishment of debt

We recorded a loss of $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2007, which represented losses related to the write off of certain deferred financing fees related to our previous credit agreement which was replaced in the third quarter of 2007 with our new Domestic Credit Agreement. These fees were previously a component of “Other assets” in our consolidated balance sheets. We did not incur any comparable charges for the year ended December 31, 2008.

 

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Provision for income taxes

We recorded a provision of $125.4 million in 2008 compared with a provision of $29.0 million in 2007 resulting in effective tax rates of 26.6 percent and 14.8 percent, respectively. The change in the effective tax rate is primarily a result of a change in the mix of domestic income compared to income earned outside the U.S. The mix of domestic income was impacted by significantly lower Baltimore restructuring charges incurred during 2008 compared to 2007. The effective tax rates were also impacted by tax adjustments recorded during 2008 and 2007. These tax adjustments are described below.

2008 tax adjustments were favorable in the amount of $8.7 million and primarily result from a benefit to adjust our reserve for unrecognized tax benefits due to favorable settlements of tax audits. Partially offsetting this benefit are charges associated with adjustments for prior years’ tax matters.

2007 tax adjustments were favorable in the amount of $15.4 million and primarily include tax benefits related to the reversal of certain tax valuation allowances. These valuation allowances were no longer necessary because of our expectation that the related deferred tax assets were likely to be realized. Partially offsetting these valuation adjustments were charges associated with adjustments for prior years’ tax matters.

Discontinued operations, net of income tax

Discontinued operations, net of income tax totaled a loss of $24.9 million in 2008 versus a loss of $24.3 million in 2007. The 2008 loss is primarily related to environmental charges associated with our Front Royal and Middleport sites and charges for legal reserves and expenses related to discontinued operations. The 2007 loss is primarily related to environmental charges associated with our Middleport, Front Royal and Modesto sites and charges for legal reserves and expenses related to discontinued operations.

Net income attributable to FMC stockholders

Net income attributable to FMC stockholders increased to $304.6 million in 2008 compared with $132.4 million in 2007 primarily due to higher profits in all three of our segments and significantly reduced restructuring and other charges (income).

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2009 and 2008 were $76.6 million and $52.4 million, respectively. We had total debt of $643.9 million and $623.6 million at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. This included $588.0 million and $592.9 million of long-term debt (excluding current portions of $22.5 million and $2.1 million) at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The $15.5 million increase in total long-term debt at December 31, 2009 from December 31, 2008 was primarily due to the proceeds from the 2009 senior notes offering partially offset by the full pay down of existing indebtedness under our revolving credit agreements. Short-term debt, which consists of foreign borrowings, increased to $33.4 million at December 31, 2009 compared to $28.6 million at December 31, 2008.

2009 Senior Notes Offering

On November 30, 2009, we issued $300 million aggregate principal amount of 5.20% Senior Notes due 2019. The net proceeds from the offering were used to pay down existing indebtedness under our revolving credit agreements and for general corporate purposes.

Domestic Credit Agreement

On August 28, 2007, we executed a credit agreement (the “Domestic Credit Agreement”) which provided for a five-year, $600 million revolving credit facility. The proceeds from this facility are available for general

 

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corporate purposes, including issuing letters of credit up to a $300 million sub-limit. The Domestic Credit Agreement also contains an option under which, subject to certain conditions, we may request an increase in the facility to $1 billion.

Loans under the facility bear interest at a floating rate, either a base rate as defined, or the applicable euro currency rate for the relevant term plus an applicable margin. The margin is 0.27 percent per year, subject to adjustment based on the credit rating assigned to our senior unsecured debt. At December 31, 2009, the applicable borrowing rates under our Domestic Credit Agreement ranged from 0.5 to 3.3 percent per annum.

We had no borrowings under our Domestic Credit Agreement at December 31, 2009 compared to $203.0 million in borrowings at December 31, 2008. Letters of credit outstanding under the Domestic Credit Agreement totaled $153.2 million and $151.5 million at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Available funds under the Domestic Credit Agreement were $446.8 million at December 31, 2009 and $245.5 million at December 31, 2008.

European Credit Agreement

On December 16, 2005, our Dutch finance subsidiary executed a credit agreement (the “European Credit Agreement”) which provides for an unsecured revolving credit facility in the amount of €220 million. Borrowings may be denominated in euros or U.S. dollars. FMC and our Dutch finance subsidiary’s direct parent provide guarantees of amounts due under the European Credit Agreement.

Loans under the European Credit Agreement bear interest at a euro currency base rate, which for loans denominated in euros is the Euro InterBank Offered Rate, and for loans denominated in dollars is London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) in each case plus a margin. The applicable margin under our European Credit Agreement is subject to adjustment based on the rating assigned to FMC by each of Moody’s and S&P. At December 31, 2009 the applicable margin was 0.30 percent and the applicable borrowing rates under the European Credit Agreement ranged from 0.8 to 5.6 percent per annum.

At December 31, 2009, we had no borrowings compared to $157.2 million in U.S. dollar equivalent revolving credit facility borrowings at December 31, 2008 under the European Credit Agreement, resulting in available funds of $315.4 million and $150.2 million, respectively.

Among other restrictions, the Domestic Credit Agreement and the European Credit Agreement contain financial covenants applicable to FMC and its consolidated subsidiaries related to leverage (measured as the ratio of debt to adjusted earnings) and interest coverage (measured as the ratio of adjusted earnings to interest expense). Our actual leverage for the four consecutive quarters ended December 31, 2009 was 1.4 which is below the maximum leverage of 3.5. Our actual interest coverage for the four consecutive quarters ended December 31, 2009 was 19.0 which is above the minimum interest coverage of 3.5. We were in compliance with all covenants at December 31, 2009.

Statement of Cash Flows

Cash provided by operating activities for 2009 was $343.5 million.

Income from continuing operations of $257.0 million included net charges of $132.8 million, of which $46.3 million was for non-cash asset write-downs on exit of various facilities during the year and $35.2 million of other facilities exit costs to be settled in cash, mainly for severance costs. Cash spending on restructuring and other charges during 2009 was $37.4 million. Also included in restructuring and other income and charges was $20.2 million for environmental remediation at our operating sites, which will be spent in years beyond 2009. Cash spending on environmental remediation at our operating sites in 2009 was $7.4 million, against pre-existing reserves.

 

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Receivables in 2009 were a use of cash of $59.3 million as lower receivables in Industrial Chemicals due to the revenue decline was more than offset by increased receivables in Agricultural Products in Brazil, where sales have grown and terms are significantly longer. Inventories were a source of cash of $20.2 million due to lower inventory costs in Industrial Chemicals, particularly for phosphate rock. Accounts Payable were a use of cash of $71.5 million as the higher cost phosphate rock in payables at the end of 2008 was replaced with lower cost phosphate rock at the end of 2009.

Accrued pension and other post retirement benefits was a use of cash of $93.4 million which included a voluntary contribution to our US defined benefit plan of $75 million.

Cash provided by operating activities for 2008 was $357.4 million.

Income from continuing operations of $346.5 million included net charges of $49.6 million, of which $37.5 million was for non-cash asset write-downs on exit of various facilities during the year and $14.7 million of other facilities exit costs to be settled in cash, mainly for severance costs. Cash spending on restructuring and other charges during 2008 was $21.3 million. Also included in restructuring and other income and charges was $16.2 million for environmental remediation at our operating sites, which will be spent in years beyond 2008. Cash spending on environmental remediation at our operating sites in 2009 was $13.6 million, against pre-existing reserves.

Receivables in 2008 were a use of cash of $99.0 million due to the higher revenue in all of our businesses and particularly in Agricultural Products in Brazil where terms are significantly longer than in rest of our businesses. Inventories were a use of cash of $91.6 million as inventories were built to support the stronger trading levels experienced in 2008 prior to the global economic turndown. Additionally, inventories in Industrial Chemicals increased due to the rising cost of phosphate rock during 2008. Accounts Payable were a source of cash of $52.0 million reflecting the higher inventory levels and phosphate rock in our accounts payable at year end 2008.

Accrued pension and other post retirement benefits were a use of cash of $46.8 million which included a voluntary contribution to our US defined benefit plan of $30 million.

Cash provided by operating activities for 2007 was $314.7 million.

Income from continuing operations of $166.3 million included net charges of $164.9 million, of which $110.6 million was for non-cash asset write-downs on exit of various facilities during the year and $14.4 million of other facilities exit costs to be settled in cash, mainly for severance costs. Cash spending on restructuring and other charges during 2007 was $29.8 million. Also included in restructuring and other income and charges was $10.2 million for environmental remediation at our operating sites, which will be spent in years beyond 2007. Cash spending on environmental remediation at our operating sites in 2009 was $8.3 million, against pre-existing reserves.

Receivables in 2007 were a use of cash of $48.6 million due to the higher revenue in all of our businesses and particularly in Agricultural Products in Brazil where terms are significantly longer than in rest of our businesses. Inventories were a use of cash of $39.6 million as inventories were built to support the stronger trading levels experienced in 2007. Accounts Payable were a source of cash of $10.5 million reflecting the higher inventory levels at year end 2007.

Accrued pension and other post retirement benefits were a use of cash of $42.1 million which included a voluntary contribution to our US defined benefit plan of $30 million.

 

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Cash required by operating activities of discontinued operations was $42.0 million, $49.8 million and $45.1 million for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

The change in 2009 compared to 2008 was due to decreased environmental spending for discontinued sites in 2009. The change in 2008 compared to 2007 was due to increased environmental spending for discontinued sites in 2008. Discontinued environmental spending was $22.1 million in 2009 compared to $32.2 million in 2008 and $22.4 million in 2007. The remaining discontinued cash outflows primarily represents spending against reserves for legal proceedings associated with discontinued operations.

Cash required by investing activities was $200.7 million, $191.7 million and $120.6 million for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

The increase in cash required in 2009 was driven primarily by significant reduction of proceeds from the sale of the properties and assets during 2009 as compared to 2008 partially offset by reduced spending on acquisitions in 2009. Additionally, capital expenditures in 2009 were approximately $14 million less than the prior year period. The increase in cash required in 2008 was driven primarily by our net acquisition spending of $90.6 million and an increase in our capital expenditure spending primarily in our Industrial Chemicals segment partially offset by proceeds from the sale of the Princeton property of $59.4 million and the sale of sodium sulfate assets of $16.7 million.

Cash required by financing activities was $77.8 million, $137.5 million and $243.4 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

The change in 2009 compared to 2008 was due primarily to the proceeds from our borrowings of long-term debt, a reduction in repurchases of common stock, and a reduction in repayments of long-term debt partially offset by higher repayments under our committed credit facilities. The change in 2008 compared to 2007 was due primarily to increased borrowings under our committed credit facilities partially offset by higher repayments of long-term debt and repurchases of common stock.

Other potential liquidity needs

Our cash needs for 2010 include operating cash requirements, capital expenditures, scheduled mandatory payments of long-term debt, dividend payments, contributions to our pension plans, environmental spending and restructuring. We plan to meet our liquidity needs through available cash, cash generated from operations and borrowings under our committed revolving credit facilities. We continually evaluate our options for divesting real estate holdings and property, plant and equipment that are no longer integral to any of our core operating businesses.

Projected 2010 capital expenditures are expected to be approximately 20 percent lower than 2009 levels.

Projected 2010 spending includes approximately $35 million of net environmental remediation spending. This spending does not include expected spending of approximately $9 million in 2010 on capital projects relating to environmental control facilities. Also, we expect to spend approximately $26 million in 2010 for environmental compliance costs, which we will include as a component of costs of sales and services in our consolidated statements of income since these amounts are not covered by established reserves. Capital spending to expand, maintain or replace equipment at our production facilities may trigger requirements for upgrading our environmental controls, which may increase our spending for environmental controls above the foregoing projections.

During 2008, the world equity markets were down significantly, exemplified by the S&P 500 index in the U.S. being down 37 percent. Our U.S. qualified defined benefit pension plan (“U.S. Plan”) assets fell from

$829.4 million at December 31, 2007 to $563.9 million at December 31, 2008. These same equity markets

 

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rebounded significantly in 2009, exemplified by the S&P 500 index in the U.S. being up 26 percent. As a result our U.S. Plan assets increased to $708.4 million at December 31, 2009. Our U.S. Plan assets comprise approximately 93 percent of our total plan assets with the difference representing plan assets related to foreign pension plans. We have reduced our expected return on our U.S. Plan assets from 8.75 percent in 2008 to 8.5 percent in 2009 and will maintain the 8.5 percent assumption in 2010. In developing the assumption for the long-term rate of return on assets for our U.S. Plan, we take into consideration the technical analysis performed by our outside actuaries, including historical market returns, information on the assumption for long-term real returns by asset class, inflation assumptions, and expectations for standard deviation related to these best estimates. We also consider the historical performance of our own plan’s trust, which has earned a compound annual rate of return of approximately 9.71 percent over the last 20 years (which is in excess of comparable market indices for the same period) as well as other factors. Given an actively managed investment portfolio, the expected annual rates of return by asset class for our portfolio, using geometric averaging, and after being adjusted for an estimated inflation rate of approximately 2.50 percent, is between 8.25 percent and 10.25 percent for equities, and between 4.75 percent and 6.0 percent for fixed-income investments, which generates a total expected portfolio return that is in line with our assumptions for the rate of return on assets. Under The Pension Protection Act of 2006, we are not required to make a minimum level of funding into the U.S. Plan during 2010, however, in order to reduce future funding volatility we intend to contribute $80 million in 2010 versus $75 million contributed in 2009 and $30 million contributed in 2008. We do not believe that the additional contribution will have a significant negative impact on our current and future liquidity needs. However a continuation of the volatility of interest rates and negative equity returns under current market conditions may require greater contributions to the Plan in the future.

In April 2007, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $250 million of our common stock. In October 2008, the Board authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $250 million of our common stock. Although the repurchase program does not include a specific timetable or price targets and may be suspended or terminated at any time, we expect that the program will be accomplished over the next two years. Shares may be purchased through open market or privately negotiated transactions at the discretion of management based on its evaluation of market conditions and other factors. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2009, we repurchased 684,681 shares under the publicly announced repurchase program for $35.0 million. The remaining dollar value of shares that may yet be purchased under this program was $189.8 million at December 31, 2009. We also reacquire shares from time to time from employees and non-employee directors to pay taxes owed in connection with the vesting and exercise of awards under our equity compensation plans.

Commitments

We guarantee repayment of some of the borrowings of certain foreign affiliates accounted for using the equity method. We also guarantee the repayment of a borrowing of a minority partner in a foreign affiliate that we consolidate in our financial statements. As of December 31, 2009 and 2008, these guarantees had maximum potential payments of $5.8 million and $6.8 million, respectively.

We also provide guarantees to financial institutions on behalf of certain Agricultural Product customers, principally in Brazil, for their seasonal borrowing. The total of these guarantees was $49.5 million and $20.3 million at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, and are recorded on the consolidated balance sheets for each date as “Guarantees of vendor financing”.

Short-term debt consisted of foreign credit lines at December 31, 2009 and 2008. We provide parent-company guarantees to lending institutions providing credit to our foreign subsidiaries.

In connection with our property and asset sales and divestitures, we have agreed to indemnify the buyer for certain liabilities, including environmental contamination and taxes that occurred prior to the date of sale. Our

 

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indemnification obligations with respect to these liabilities may be indefinite as to duration and may or may not be subject to a deductible, minimum claim amount or cap. As such, it is not possible for us to predict the likelihood that a claim will be made or to make a reasonable estimate of the maximum potential loss or range of loss. If triggered, we may be able to recover certain of the indemnity payments from third parties. We have not recorded any specific liabilities for these guarantees.

We spun off FMC Technologies, Inc. (“Technologies”) in 2001. At this time, we entered into a tax sharing agreement wherein each company is obligated for those taxes associated with its respective business, generally determined as if each company filed its own consolidated, combined or unitary tax returns for any period where Technologies is included in the consolidated, combined or unitary tax return of us or our subsidiaries. The statute of limitations for the 2001 U.S. federal income tax year has now closed and no questions regarding the spin-off were raised during the IRS audit for 2000-2001, therefore any liability for taxes if the spin-off of Technologies were not tax free due to an action taken by Technologies has been favorably concluded. The tax sharing agreement continues to be in force with respect to certain items, which we do not believe would have a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

Our total significant committed contracts that we believe will affect cash over the next four years and beyond are as follows:

 

Contractual Commitments

   Expected Cash Payments by Year
     2010    2011    2012    2013    2014 &
beyond
   Total
     (in Millions)

Debt maturities (1)

   $ 55.9    $ 97.2    $ —      $ 2.7    $ 489.5    $ 645.3

Contractual interest (2)

     34.1      29.2      25.0      25.0      263.5      376.8

Lease obligations (3)

     23.2      21.7      18.6      18.6      62.4      144.5

Certain long-term liabilities (4)

     2.1      2.1      2.1      2.1      25.1      33.5

Forward energy and foreign exchange contracts (5)

     —        —        —        —        —        —  

Purchase obligations (6)

     44.6      15.9      16.0      12.2      2.2      90.9
                                         

Total (7)

   $ 159.9    $ 166.1      61.7    $ 60.6    $ 842.7      1,291.0
                                         

 

 

(1) Excluding discounts.
(2) Contractual interest is the interest we are contracted to pay on our long-term debt obligations. We had $39.5 million of long-term debt subject to variable interest rates at December 31, 2009. The rate assumed for the variable interest component of the contractual interest obligation was the rate in effect at December 31, 2009. Variable rates are market determined and will fluctuate over time.
(3) Before sub-lease rental income.
(4) Payments associated with our Ewing research and development facility.
(5) At December 31, 2009, the net value of these contracts results in an asset position.
(6) Purchase obligations consist of agreements to purchase goods and services that are enforceable and legally binding on us and specify all significant terms, including fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased, price provisions and timing of the transaction. We have entered into a number of purchase obligations for the sourcing of materials and energy where take-or-pay arrangements apply. Since the majority of the minimum obligations under these contracts are take-or-pay commitments over the life of the contract as opposed to a year by year take-or-pay, the obligations in the table related to these types of contacts are presented in the earliest period in which the minimum obligation could be payable under these types of contracts.
(7) As of December 31, 2009, the liability for uncertain tax positions was $14.4 million and this liability is excluded from the table above. Due to the high degree of uncertainty regarding the timing of potential future cash flows associated with these liabilities, we are unable to make a reasonable reliable estimate of the amount and periods in which these liabilities might be paid.

 

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Contingencies

On January 28, 2005, we and our wholly owned subsidiary Foret received a Statement of Objections from the European Commission concerning alleged violations of competition law in the hydrogen peroxide business in Europe during the period 1994 to 2001. All of the significant European hydrogen peroxide producers also received the Statement of Objections. We and Foret responded to the Statement of Objections in April 2005 and a hearing on the matter was held at the end of June 2005. On May 3, 2006, we received a notice from the European Commission indicating that the Commission had imposed a fine on us and Foret in the aggregate amount of €25.0 million as a result of alleged violations during the period 1997-1999. In connection with this fine, we recorded an expense of $30.0 million (reflecting then-prevailing exchange rates) in our consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2006. This expense was included as a component of “Restructuring and other charges (income)”. Since we are not required to make the payment during the appeal process, the liability has been classified as long-term in the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2009 and 2008. Both we and Foret have appealed the decision of the Commission. During the appeal process, interest accrues on the fine at a rate, which as of December 31, 2009, was 4.0 percent per annum. We have provided a bank letter of credit in favor of the European Commission to guarantee our payment of the fine and accrued interest. At December 31, 2009, the amount of the letter of credit was €29.3 million (U.S. $42.0 million).

In February 2005 putative direct and indirect purchaser class action complaints were filed against six U.S. hydrogen peroxide producers (and certain of their foreign affiliates) in various federal courts alleging violations of antitrust laws. Federal law provides that persons who have been injured by violations of federal antitrust law may recover three times their actual damage plus attorney fees. Related cases were also filed in various state courts. All of the federal court cases were consolidated in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia). The District Court certified the direct purchaser class in January 2007. On December 30, 2008, the Court of Appeals vacated the class certification order and remanded the case for further proceedings in the District Court. Shortly thereafter, FMC reached an agreement to settle with the direct purchaser class for $10 million, with a pro rata credit for opt outs. The $10 million figure was included as a component of “Restructuring and other charges (income)” in our consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2008. On July 14, 2009, the settlement received final approval by the Court. No appeal has been taken and the appeal period has expired. The Court has also approved a settlement with Arkema and finally approved settlements with four of the six original defendant-groups, who collectively paid approximately $90 million. Seventeen companies (predominantly paper producers) have opted out of certain of the settlements with other defendants. Certain of the defendants in the class action have settled those opt out claims for undisclosed amounts. Ten companies (again predominantly paper producers) have opted out of the settlements with FMC and Arkema. FMC has settled with two of the ten for an amount within the opt out credit described above. The remaining eight opt outs have filed suit against FMC and, in some cases, Foret. These cases have been assigned to the same judge as the class action, and the stay of these actions entered by the District Court during the class certification appeal remains in place. FMC has moved to dismiss the opt out claims to the extent they are based on foreign purchases. That motion is fully briefed and awaiting decision by the Court. Another individual opt out case was dismissed following the bankrupt opt out’s decision to participate in the class settlement. Most of the state court cases have been dismissed, although some remain in California. In the indirect purchaser class action, the Court has lifted the stay to permit discovery related to class certification. Plaintiffs’ motion for class certification is due in May 2010. FMC intends to defend these cases. Solvay has settled with the indirect purchaser class for $2.1 million. The settlement has not yet been preliminarily approved by the Court. One indirect purchaser filed a claim in federal court in Kansas which has been transferred to the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and assigned to the same judge overseeing other hydrogen peroxide litigation. FMC has moved to dismiss this complaint on statute of limitations grounds. The motion is pending. In addition, putative class actions against the six major hydrogen peroxide producers have been filed in provincial courts in Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia under the laws of Canada. Four of the defendants have settled these claims for a total of approximately $20.5 million. On September 28, 2009, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice certified a class of direct and indirect purchasers of hydrogen peroxide. FMC has moved for leave to appeal the class certification decision and intends to defend these cases.

 

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On January 19, 2009, the European Commission decided to initiate proceedings against FMC, its Netherlands subsidiary, and Foret, following an investigation of the European producers of animal feed phosphates. FMC is cooperating with the European Commission in the investigation and has recorded a charge of $21 million reflecting our best estimation of the expense that is likely to be incurred in connection with the resolution of this matter. This charge has been reflected as a component of “Restructuring and other charges (income)” in our consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2009. This amount is included in “Accrued and other liabilities” on the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2009.

We have certain other contingent liabilities arising from litigation, claims, performance guarantees and other commitments incident to the ordinary course of business. Based on information currently available and established reserves, the ultimate resolution of our known contingencies, including the matters described in Note 18 to our consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K, is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or liquidity. However, there can be no assurance that the outcome of these contingencies will be favorable, and adverse results in certain of these contingencies could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

Climate Change

We have been following legislative and regulatory developments regarding climate change because the regulation of greenhouse gases, depending on their nature and scope, could subject some of our manufacturing operations to additional costs or limits on operations. On December 29, 2009, EPA’s Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule became effective. This rule requires FMC to collect information regarding greenhouse gas emissions from our large sources and report them beginning in 2011. Our Alkali Chemicals Division mines and processes trona ore into soda ash and related products at our facilities near Green River, Wyoming. This activity constitutes most of FMC’s greenhouse gas emissions globally. The direct emissions from these operations are expected to be approximately 2.2 million metric tons in 2010. In addition, two plants in our BioPolymer business are also expected to report emissions above the EPA’s reporting threshold, but each plant’s emissions are expected to be substantially less than at our Green River facilities.

A significant source of greenhouse gas emissions at Green River are process emissions. That is, a significant portion of the greenhouse gases released during the mining and processing of soda ash occurs naturally in the trona ore feedstock. Unlike energy efficiency, the amount of greenhouse gases present in the trona ore cannot be reduced. All of the companies producing natural soda ash have such process emissions. Yet, the lower energy intensity of natural soda ash provides a favorable carbon intensity compared with synthetic soda ash produced throughout the rest of the world.

Energy use is a major cost component of our Alkali Chemicals business, leading to significant focus on reducing all forms of energy. The Alkali division has continued to make investments to lower energy intensity (e.g. co-generation, solution mining). As one of the division’s key performance indicators, we measure and review monthly the amount of BTUs/ton of soda ash produced. In 2010, the soda ash business has engaged a third party consultant to assist in identifying new methods to reduce energy usage.

The Alkali Chemicals Division currently sells products (soda ash, sodium bicarbonate, ground trona) used in environmental scrubbing applications. Federal regulations require utilities and industrial plants to reduce emissions, particularly at coal fired power plants where FMC’s products are sold. Stiffer regulations are expected to be implemented in the near future (Clean Air Interstate Rule, Maximum Achievable Control Technology, National Ambient Air Quality Standards) that will increase the need for these products. The uncertainty of final climate change legislation will likely lead to existing coal fired utility plants remaining in existence for a longer period of time, sustaining demand for these products.

In addition, soda ash is an essential raw material in the production of glass of all kinds. Climate change, energy intensity and alternative forms of energy will drive increased production of new forms of glass (lower

 

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emissivity glass, solar panel glass etc.) and will increase the need for this essential raw material from FMC. The soda ash industry has an interest in assuring that climate change legislation or regulation recognizes the benefits of soda ash (particularly natural soda ash) and the challenges facing this industry in controlling its greenhouse gas emissions.

On June 26, 2009, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the “American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009,” which would regulate the emission of greenhouse gases. This legislation includes provisions specific to soda ash, recognizing that as an energy and trade intensive industry it should not be penalized relative to less efficient international competition. The United States Senate is working on its own climate change legislation, but this legislation has not been passed and contains significant differences from the corresponding House legislation. For any new climate change legislation to become law, both chambers of Congress would be required to approve the same legislation, and the President would have to sign the bill. It is not possible at this time to predict whether or when the Senate might act on climate change legislation, or what provisions of the House or Senate legislation would be modified in order to be reconciled with each other to arrive at one unified bill.

In the absence of federal climate change legislation, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has moved forward with a finding of “endangerment” and a proposed “tailoring rule” to apply the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) provisions of the Clean Air Act to greenhouse gas emissions. This rule is expected to be challenged in court, and there may be bills introduced in Congress to withdraw EPA’s authority to regulate greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act while Congress considers enactment of federal legislation. Even if the “tailoring rule” is upheld, EPA has not clarified how the rule will be implemented.

Because of the many variables, it is premature to make any estimate of the costs of complying with un-enacted federal climate change legislation or as yet un-promulgated federal regulations.

At this point our U.S. facilities are not subject to any state or regional greenhouse gas regulation, and our foreign operations outside of Europe and Canada are not subject to national or local greenhouse gas regulation. Although some of our European and Canadian operations may be subject to greenhouse gas regulation, the cost to these facilities has not been and is not expected to be significant, and effect of European Union and Canadian greenhouse gas regulation has not been and is not expected to be material to FMC.

We have considered the potential physical risks to FMC facilities and operations and the indirect consequences of regulation or business trends as a result of potential future climate change. Because of the many variables, not only with respect to the science, but also with respect to the nature and effect of future global climate change regulation itself, it is impossible to predict in any meaningful way what type of property damage or disruptions to our operations or indirect consequences might result from future climate change.

Recently Adopted and Issued Accounting Pronouncements and Regulatory Items

See Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with U.S generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. We have described our accounting policies in Note 1 to our consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K. We have reviewed these accounting policies, identifying those that we believe to be critical to the preparation and understanding of our consolidated financial statements. We have reviewed with the Audit Committee those accounting policies that we have deemed critical. These policies are central to our presentation of results of operations and financial condition and require management to make estimates and judgments on certain matters. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience, current conditions and other reasonable factors.

 

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Environmental obligations.

We provide for environmental-related obligations when they are probable and amounts can be reasonably estimated. Where the available information is sufficient to estimate the amount of liability, that estimate has been used. Where the information is only sufficient to establish a range of probable liability and no point within the range is more likely than any other, the lower end of the range has been used.

Estimated obligations to remediate sites that involve oversight by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), or similar government agencies, are generally accrued no later than when a Record of Decision (ROD), or equivalent, is issued, or upon completion of a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) that is submitted by us to the appropriate government agency or agencies. Estimates are reviewed quarterly by our environmental remediation management, as well as by financial and legal management and, if necessary, adjusted as additional information becomes available. The estimates can change substantially as additional information becomes available regarding the nature or extent of site contamination, required remediation methods, and other actions by or against governmental agencies or private parties.

Our environmental liabilities for continuing and discontinued operations are principally for costs associated with the remediation and/or study of sites at which we are alleged to have disposed of hazardous substances. Such costs principally include, among other items, RI/FS, site remediation, costs of operation and maintenance of the remediation plan, fees to outside law firms and consultants for work related to the environmental effort, and future monitoring costs. Estimated site liabilities are determined based upon existing remediation laws and technologies, specific site consultants’ engineering studies or by extrapolating experience with environmental issues at comparable sites.

Included in the environmental reserve balance, other assets and reasonably possible loss contingencies for 2009 are potentially recoverable amounts from third party insurance policies, and some of these amounts have been recognized as offsetting recoveries in 2009.

Provisions for environmental costs are reflected in income, net of probable and estimable recoveries from named Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) or other third parties. Such provisions incorporate inflation and are not discounted to their present values.

In calculating and evaluating the adequacy of our environmental reserves, we have taken into account the joint and several liability imposed by Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the analogous state laws on all PRPs and have considered the identity and financial condition of each of the other PRPs at each site to the extent possible. We have also considered the identity and financial condition of other third parties from whom recovery is anticipated, as well as the status of our claims against such parties. Although we are unable to forecast the ultimate contributions of PRPs and other third parties with absolute certainty, the degree of uncertainty with respect to each party is taken into account when determining the environmental reserve by adjusting the reserve to reflect the facts and circumstances on a site-by-site basis. Our liability includes our best estimate of the costs expected to be paid before the consideration of any potential recoveries from third parties. We believe that any recorded recoveries related to PRPs are realizable in all material respects. Recoveries are recorded as either an offset in “Environmental liabilities, continuing and discontinued” or as “Other Assets” in our consolidated balance sheets.

Impairments and valuation of long-lived assets

Our long-lived assets include property, plant and equipment and long-term investments, goodwill and intangible assets. We test for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the net book value of these assets may not be recoverable from the estimated undiscounted expected future cash flows expected to result from their use and eventual disposition. In cases where the estimated undiscounted expected future cash flows are less than net book value, an impairment loss is recognized equal to the amount by which the net book

 

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value exceeds the estimated fair value of assets, which is based on discounted cash flows at the lowest level determinable. The estimated cash flows reflect our assumptions about selling prices, volumes, costs and market conditions over a reasonable period of time.

We perform an annual impairment test of goodwill in the third quarter. The assumptions used to estimate fair value include our best estimate of future growth rates, discount rates and market conditions over a reasonable period. We performed this test in 2009 and determined that no impairment charge was required.

Pensions and other postretirement benefits

We provide qualified and nonqualified defined benefit and defined contribution pension plans, as well as postretirement health care and life insurance benefit plans to our employees. The costs (benefits) and obligations related to these benefits reflect key assumptions related to general economic conditions, including interest (discount) rates, healthcare cost trend rates, expected rates of return on plan assets and the rates of compensation increases for employees. The costs (benefits) and obligations for these benefit programs are also affected by other assumptions, such as average retirement age, mortality, employee turnover, and plan participation. To the extent our plans’ actual experience, as influenced by changing economic and financial market conditions or by changes to our own plans’ demographics, differs from these assumptions, the costs and obligations for providing these benefits, as well as the plans’ funding requirements, could increase or decrease. When actual results differ from our assumptions, the difference is typically recognized over future periods. In addition, the unrealized gains and losses related to our pension and postretirement benefit obligations may also affect periodic benefit costs (benefits) in future periods.

We use certain calculated values of assets under methods both to estimate the expected rate of return on assets component of pension cost and to calculate our plans’ funding requirements. The expected rate of return on plan assets is based on a market-related value of assets that recognizes investment gains and losses over a five-year period. We use an actuarial value of assets to determine our plans’ funding requirements. The actuarial value of assets must be within a certain range, high or low, of the actual market value of assets, and is adjusted accordingly.

We select the discount rate used to calculate pension and other postretirement obligations based on a review of available yields on high-quality corporate bonds, including Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”) Aa-rated Corporate and Industrial bond indices. In selecting the discount rate for 2009, we placed particular emphasis on a yield-curve approach designed by our actuary to derive an appropriate discount rate for computing the present value of the future cash flows associated with our pension and other postretirement obligations taking into consideration both the timing and amount of the cash flows. The specific interest rates supporting the yield curve were derived from calculated returns (yields) from a portfolio of high-quality (Aa-graded or higher) bond investments constructed by our actuary.

In developing the assumption for the long-term rate of return on assets for our U.S. Plan, we take into consideration the technical analysis performed by our outside actuaries, including historical market returns, information on the assumption for long-term real returns by asset class, inflation assumptions, and expectations for standard deviation related to these best estimates. We also consider the historical performance of our own plan’s trust, which has earned a compound annual rate of return of approximately 9.71 percent over the last 20 years (which is in excess of comparable market indices for the same period) as well as other factors which are discussed in Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements in this Form 10-K. For the sensitivity of our pension costs to incremental changes in assumptions see our discussion below.

 

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Sensitivity analysis related to key pension and postretirement benefit assumptions.

A one-half percent increase in the assumed discount rate would have decreased pension and other postretirement benefit obligations by $54.7 million at December 31, 2009 and $45.4 million at December 31, 2008, and decreased pension and other postretirement benefit costs by $3.1 million, $0.5 million and $3.7 million for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. A one-half percent decrease in the assumed discount rate would have increased pension and other postretirement benefit obligations by $59.9 million at December 31, 2009 and $49.7 million at December 31, 2008, and increased pension and other postretirement benefit net periodic benefit cost by $4.5million, $0.5 million and $6.1 million for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

A one-half percent increase in the assumed expected long-term rate of return on plan assets would have decreased pension costs by $4.2 million, $4.2 million and $4.0 million for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. A one-half percent decrease in the assumed long-term rate of return on plan assets would have increased pension costs by $4.2 million, $4.2 million and $4.0 million for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Further details on our pension and other postretirement benefit obligations and net periodic benefit costs (benefits) are found in Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements in this Form 10-K.

Income taxes

We have recorded a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that we believe is more likely than not to be realized. In assessing the need for this allowance, we have considered a number of factors including future taxable income, the jurisdictions in which such income is earned and our ongoing tax planning strategies. In the event that we determine that we would not be able to realize all or part of our net deferred tax assets in the future, an adjustment to the deferred tax assets would be charged to income in the period such determination was made. Similarly, should we conclude that we would be able to realize certain deferred tax assets in the future in excess of the net recorded amount, an adjustment to the deferred tax assets would increase income in the period such determination was made.

Additionally, we file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state and foreign jurisdictions. The income tax returns for FMC entities taxable in the U.S. and significant foreign jurisdictions are open for examination and adjustment. We assess our income tax positions and record a liability for all years open to examination based upon our evaluation of the facts, circumstances and information available at the reporting date. For those tax positions where it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, we have recorded the largest amount of tax benefit with a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with a taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information. We adjust these liabilities, if necessary, upon the completion of tax audits or changes in tax law.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to investors.

Dividends

On January 21, 2010, we paid dividends aggregating $9.1 million to our shareholders of record as of December 31, 2009. This amount is included in “Accrued and other liabilities” on the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2009. For the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, we paid $36.3 million, $34.4 million and $29.7 million in dividends, respectively.

 

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ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Our earnings, cash flows, and financial position are exposed to market risks relating to fluctuations in commodity prices, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. Our policy is to minimize exposure to our cash flow over time caused by changes in commodity, interest and currency exchange rates. To accomplish this we have implemented a controlled program of risk management consisting of appropriate derivative contracts entered into with major financial institutions.

The analysis below presents the sensitivity of the market value of our financial instruments to selected changes in market rates and prices. The range of changes chosen reflects our view of changes that are reasonably possible over a one-year period. Market-value estimates are based on the present value of projected future cash flows considering the market rates and prices chosen.

At December 31, 2009, our net financial instrument position was a net asset of $0.3 million compared to a net liability of $39.9 million at December 31, 2008. The change in the net financial instrument position was primarily due to lower unrealized losses in our commodity and foreign exchange portfolios.

Commodity Price Risk

Energy costs are approximately 11 percent of our costs of sales and services and are diversified among coal, electricity and natural gas. We attempt to mitigate our exposure to increasing energy costs by hedging the cost of future deliveries of natural gas and by entering into fixed-price contracts for the purchase of coal and fuel oil. To analyze the effect of changing energy prices, we have performed a sensitivity analysis in which we assume an instantaneous 10 percent change in energy market prices from their levels at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 with all other variables (including interest rates) held constant. A 10 percent increase in energy market prices would result in an increase of the net asset position of $5.1 million at December 31, 2009 compared to a $7.6 million decrease in the net liability position at December 31, 2008. A 10 percent decrease in energy market prices would result in a decrease of $7.0 million in the net asset position at December 31, 2009, compared to an increase of $7.6 million in the net liability position at December 31, 2008. As a result, at December 31, 2009, the net asset position would have become a net liability position.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

The primary currencies for which we have exchange rate exposure are the U.S. dollar versus the euro, the U.S. dollar versus the Chinese yuan and the U.S. dollar versus the Brazilian real. Foreign currency debt and foreign exchange forward contracts are used in countries where we do business, thereby reducing our net asset exposure. Foreign exchange forward contracts are also used to hedge firm and highly anticipated foreign currency cash flows.

To analyze the effects of changing foreign currency rates, we have performed a sensitivity analysis in which we assume an instantaneous 10 percent change in the foreign currency exchange rates from their levels at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, with all other variables (including interest rates) held constant. A 10 percent strengthening of hedged currencies versus our functional currencies would have resulted in an increase of $17.5 million in the net liability position at December 31, 2009 compared to an increase of $10.9 million in the net liability position at December 31, 2008. A 10 percent weakening of hedged currencies versus our functional currencies would have resulted in a decrease of $17.8 million in the net liability position at December 31, 2009, compared to a decrease of $11.8 million in the net liability position at December 31, 2008. As a result, at December 31, 2009, the net liability position would have become a net asset position.

Interest Rate Risk

One of the strategies that we can use to manage interest rate exposure is to enter into interest rate swap agreements. In these agreements, we agree to exchange, at specified intervals, the difference between fixed and variable interest amounts calculated on an agreed-upon notional principal amount. As of December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, we had no interest rate swap agreements.

 

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Our debt portfolio, at December 31, 2009, is composed of 87 percent fixed-rate debt and 13 percent variable-rate debt. The variable-rate component of our debt portfolio principally consists of borrowings under our Domestic and European Credit Agreements, variable-rate industrial and pollution control revenue bonds, and amounts outstanding under foreign subsidiary credit lines. Changes in interest rates affect different portions of our variable-rate debt portfolio in different ways.

Based on the variable-rate debt in our debt portfolio at December 31, 2009, a one percentage point increase in interest rates then in effect would have increased gross interest expense for 2009 by $0.8 million and a one percentage point decrease in interest rates then in effect would have decreased gross interest expense for 2009 by $0.5 million.

 

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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The following are included herein:

 

(1)    Consolidated Statements of Income for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007
(2)    Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2009 and 2008
(3)    Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007
(4)    Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007
(5)    Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007
(6)    Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(7)    Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
(8)    Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
(9)    Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

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FMC CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2009     2008     2007  
     (in Millions, Except Per Share Data)  

Revenue

   $ 2,826.2      $ 3,115.3      $ 2,632.9   

Costs and expenses

      

Costs of sales and services

     1,943.6        2,134.4        1,830.1   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     322.3        336.8        315.3   

Research and development expenses

     92.8        93.8        94.6   

Restructuring and other charges (income)

     132.8        49.6        164.9   
                        

Total costs and expenses

     2,491.5        2,614.6        2,404.9   
                        

Income from continuing operations before equity in (earnings) loss of affiliates, interest income and expense, loss on extinguishment of debt and income taxes

     334.7        500.7        228.0   

Equity in (earnings) loss of affiliates

     (2.3     (3.1     (2.5

Interest income

     (0.2     (1.0     (2.3

Interest expense

     27.2        32.9        37.2   

Loss on extinguishment of debt

     —          —          0.3   
                        

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

     310.0        471.9        195.3   

Provision for income taxes

     53.0        125.4        29.0   
                        

Income from continuing operations

     257.0        346.5        166.3   

Discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (18.2     (24.9     (24.3
                        

Net income

     238.8        321.6        142.0   

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     10.3        17.0        9.6   
                        

Net income attributable to FMC stockholders

   $ 228.5      $ 304.6      $ 132.4   
                        

Amounts attributable to FMC stockholders:

      

Continuing operations, net of income taxes

   $ 246.7      $ 329.5      $ 156.7   

Discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (18.2     (24.9     (24.3
                        

Net income

   $ 228.5      $ 304.6      $ 132.4   
                        

Basic earnings (loss) per common share attributable to FMC stockholders:

      

Continuing operations

   $ 3.40      $ 4.44      $ 2.06   

Discontinued operations

     (0.25     (0.34     (0.32
                        

Net income

   $ 3.15      $ 4.10      $ 1.74   
                        

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share attributable to FMC stockholders:

      

Continuing operations

   $ 3.37      $ 4.35      $ 2.02   

Discontinued operations

     (0.25     (0.33     (0.31
                        

Net income

   $ 3.12      $ 4.02      $ 1.71   
                        

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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FMC CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

     December 31,  
         2009             2008      
     (in Millions, Except Share
and Par Value Data)
 
ASSETS     

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 76.6      $ 52.4   

Trade receivables, net of allowance of $18.2 in 2009 and $16.3 in 2008

     749.6        687.7   

Inventories

     350.5        380.8   

Prepaid and other current assets

     138.0        135.0   

Deferred income taxes

     173.0        176.9   
                

Total current assets

     1,487.7        1,432.8   

Investments

     22.4        20.6   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     964.5        939.2   

Goodwill

     209.5        197.0   

Other assets

     211.4        160.7   

Deferred income taxes

     240.7        243.6   
                

Total assets

   $ 3,136.2      $ 2,993.9   
                
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY     

Current liabilities

    

Short-term debt

   $ 33.4      $ 28.6   

Current portion of long-term debt

     22.5        2.1   

Accounts payable, trade and other

     290.5        372.3   

Accrued and other liabilities

     180.8        188.8   

Accrued payroll

     52.2        58.6   

Accrued customer rebates

     67.3        53.6   

Guarantees of vendor financing

     49.5        20.3   

Accrued pension and other postretirement benefits, current

     9.4        10.2   

Income taxes

     3.6        24.6   
                

Total current liabilities

     709.2        759.1   

Long-term debt, less current portion

     588.0        592.9   

Accrued pension and other postretirement benefits, long-term

     364.8        366.1   

Environmental liabilities, continuing and discontinued

     167.0        158.8   

Reserve for discontinued operations

     41.7        37.5   

Other long-term liabilities

     132.4        113.1   

Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 18)

    

Equity

    

Preferred stock, no par value, authorized 5,000,000 shares; no shares issued or outstanding in 2009 and 2008

     —          —     

Common stock, $0.10 par value, authorized 130,000,000 shares in 2009 and 2008 92,991,896 issued in 2009 and 2008

     9.3        9.3   

Capital in excess of par value of common stock

     388.6        395.5   

Retained earnings

     1,716.9        1,524.7   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     (279.2     (276.1

Treasury stock, common, at cost; 20,473,016 shares in 2009 and 20,481,937 shares in 2008

     (759.2     (750.5
                

Total FMC stockholders’ equity

     1,076.4        902.9   
                

Noncontrolling interests

     56.7        63.5   
                

Total equity

     1,133.1        966.4   
                

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 3,136.2      $ 2,993.9   
                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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FMC CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2009     2008     2007  
     (in Millions)  

Cash provided (required) by operating activities of continuing operations:

      

Net income

   $ 238.8      $ 321.6      $ 142.0   

Discontinued operations

     18.2        24.9        24.3   

Income from continuing operations

   $ 257.0      $ 346.5      $ 166.3   

Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to cash provided (required) by operating activities of continuing operations:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     127.2        124.2        133.7   

Restructuring and other charges (income)

     132.8        49.6        164.9   

Equity in (earnings) loss of affiliates

     (2.3     (3.1     (2.5

Deferred income taxes

     49.9        96.9        6.5   

Loss on extinguishment of debt

     —          —          0.3   

Other

     47.1        25.8        6.8   

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisitions and divestitures:

      

Trade receivables, net

     (59.3     (99.0     (48.6

Guarantees of vendor financing

     29.2        (9.4     4.1   

Inventories

     20.2        (91.6     (39.6

Other current assets and other assets

     (24.9     (43.0     (16.0

Accounts payable

     (71.5     52.0        10.5   

Accrued payroll, other current liabilities and other liabilities

     (2.7     (10.4     (0.6

Income taxes

     (21.0     0.6        9.1   

Accrued pension and other postretirement benefits, net

     (93.4     (46.8     (42.1

Environmental spending, continuing, net of recoveries

     (7.4     (13.6     (8.3

Restructuring and other spending

     (37.4     (21.3     (29.8
                        

Cash provided (required) by operating activities

     343.5        357.4        314.7   
                        

Cash provided (required) by operating activities of discontinued operations:

      

Environmental spending, discontinued, net of recoveries

     (22.1     (32.2     (22.4

Payments of other discontinued reserves

     (19.9     (17.6     (22.7
                        

Cash provided (required) by operating activities of discontinued operations

     (42.0     (49.8     (45.1
                        

Cash provided (required) by investing activities:

      

Capital expenditures

     (161.2     (174.8     (115.4

Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment

     3.9        5.7        5.6   

Proceeds from sale of Princeton property

     —          59.4        —     

Proceeds from sale of sodium sulfate assets

     3.9        16.7        —     

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (34.3     (90.6     —     

Distributions from Astaris

     —          —          4.4   

Other investing activities

     (13.0     (8.1     (15.2
                        

Cash provided (required) by investing activities

     (200.7     (191.7     (120.6
                        

Cash provided (required) by financing activities:

      

Net borrowings (repayments) under committed credit facilities

     (369.2     191.8        (42.0

Increase (decrease) in other short-term debt

     (5.1     (17.7     (5.1

Proceeds from borrowings of long-term debt

     379.1        —          —     

Financing fees

     (2.6     —          (0.7

Repayments of long-term debt

     (3.5     (90.9     (53.9

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

     (13.4     (12.5     (10.2

Dividends paid

     (36.3     (34.4     (29.7

Issuances of common stock, net

     10.2        13.1        14.6   

Repurchases of common stock

     (36.6     (186.9     (116.4

Other financing activities

     (0.4     —          —     
                        

Cash provided (required) by financing activities

     (77.8     (137.5     (243.4
                        

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     1.2        (1.5     4.4   
                        

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     24.2        (23.1     (90.0

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     52.4        75.5        165.5   
                        

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 76.6      $ 52.4      $ 75.5   
                        

 

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Cash paid for interest was $28.1 million, $37.8 million and $31.3 million, and income taxes paid, net of refunds was $24.1 million net payments, $24.0 million net payments and $16.4 million net payments in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

See Note 15 regarding quarterly cash dividend.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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FMC CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

 

    FMC Stockholders’     Non-controlling
Interest
    Total
Equity
 
    Common
Stock,
$0.10
Par
Value
  Capital
In Excess
of Par
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Treasury
Stock
     

Balance December 31, 2006

  $ 9.3   $ 426.3      $ 1,157.1        $(57.1   $ (525.4   $ 59.0      $ 1,069.2   

Net income

        132.4            9.6        142.0   

Stock compensation plans

      (18.8         37.3          18.5   

Shares for benefit plan trust

            (0.3       (0.3

Reclassification adjustments for losses (gains) included in net income, net of income tax expense of $11.4

          17.6            17.6   

Net unrealized pension and other benefit actuarial gains/(losses) and prior service cost credits, net of income tax benefit of $2.7

          (2.6         (2.6

Net deferral of hedging gains (losses) and other, net of income tax benefit of $1.2

          (1.4         (1.4

Foreign currency translation adjustments

          33.6            33.6   

Dividends ($0.405 per share)

        (30.9           (30.9

Adjustment to initially apply new U.S. tax accounting guidance as of January 1, 2007

        (2.8           (2.8

Repurchases of common stock

            (110.0       (110.0

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

              (10.2     (10.2
                                                     

Balance December 31, 2007

  $ 9.3   $ 407.5      $ 1,255.8        $(9.9   $ (598.4   $ 58.4      $ 1,122.7   

Net income

        304.6            17.0        321.6   

Stock compensation plans

      (12.0         34.1          22.1   

Shares for benefit plan trust

            (1.0       (1.0

Reclassification adjustments for losses (gains) included in net income, net of income tax expense of $1.7

          0.9            0.9   

Net unrealized pension and other benefit actuarial gains/(losses) and prior service cost credits, net of income tax benefit of $116.6

          (190.9         (190.9

Net deferral of hedging gains (losses) and other, net of income tax benefit of $17.8

          (31.7         (31.7

Foreign currency translation adjustments

          (44.5       0.6        (43.9

Dividends ($0.48 per share)

        (35.7           (35.7

Repurchases of common stock

            (185.2       (185.2

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

              (12.5     (12.5
                                                     

Balance December 31, 2008

  $ 9.3   $ 395.5      $ 1,524.7      $ (276.1   $ (750.5   $ 63.5      $ 966.4   

Net income

        228.5            10.3        238.8   

Stock compensation plans

      (7.3         26.9          19.6   

Shares for benefit plan trust

            (0.6       (0.6

Reclassification adjustments for losses (gains) included in net income, net of income tax expense of $16.2

          25.4            25.4   

Net unrealized pension and other benefit actuarial gains/(losses) and prior service cost credits, net of income tax benefit of $28.6

          (53.5         (53.5

Net deferral of hedging gains (losses) and other, net of income tax expense of $3.0

          7.6            7.6   

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest

      0.4              (3.2     (2.8

Foreign currency translation adjustments

          17.4          (0.5     16.9   

Dividends ($0.50 per share)

        (36.3           (36.3

Repurchases of common stock

            (35.0       (35.0

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

              (13.4     (13.4
                                                     

Balance December 31, 2009

  $ 9.3   $ 388.6      $ 1,716.9      $ (279.2   $ (759.2   $ 56.7      $ 1,133.1   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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FMC CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2009     2008     2007  
     (in Millions)  

Net income

   $ 238.8      $ 321.6      $ 142.0   

Reclassification adjustments for losses (gains) included in net income, net of income tax expense of $16.2, $1.7 and $11.4 for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively

     25.4        0.9        17.6   

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     16.9        (43.9     33.6   

Net deferral of hedging gains (losses) and other

     7.6        (31.7     (1.4

Net unrealized pension and other benefit actuarial gains/(losses) and prior service (costs) credits

     (53.5     (190.9     (2.6
                        

Comprehensive income

     235.2        56.0        189.2   

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to the noncontrolling interest

     9.8        17.6        9.6   
                        

Comprehensive income attributable to FMC stockholders

   $ 225.4      $ 38.4      $ 179.6   
                        

 

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FMC CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1: PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND RELATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Nature of operations.    We are a diversified chemical company serving agricultural, industrial and consumer markets globally with innovative solutions, applications and quality products. We operate in three business segments: Agricultural Products, Specialty Chemicals and Industrial Chemicals. Agricultural Products provides crop protection and pest control products for worldwide markets. Specialty Chemicals includes food ingredients that are used to enhance structure, texture and taste; pharmaceutical additives for binding and disintegrant use; and lithium specialties for pharmaceutical synthesis, specialty polymers and energy storage. Industrial Chemicals encompasses a wide range of inorganic materials in which we possess market and technology leadership, including soda ash, phosphorus and peroxygens (hydrogen peroxide and active oxidants) in both North America and in Europe through our subsidiary, FMC Foret, S.A. (“Foret”).

Basis of consolidation and basis of presentation.    The accompanying consolidated financial statements of FMC Corporation and its subsidiaries were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of FMC and all entities that we directly or indirectly control. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. We have evaluated all subsequent events for recognition or disclosure through February 22, 2010, the date of filing of this 10-K.

Estimates and assumptions.    In preparing the financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) we are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results are likely to differ from those estimates, but we do not believe such differences will materially affect our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Cash equivalents.    We consider investments in all liquid debt instruments with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Investments.    Investments in companies in which our ownership interest is 50 percent or less and in which we exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies are accounted for using the equity method. Under the equity method, original investments are recorded at cost and adjusted by our share of undistributed earnings and losses of these investments. Majority owned investments in which our control is restricted are also accounted for using the equity method. All other investments are carried at their fair values or at cost, as appropriate. We are party to several joint venture investments throughout the world, which individually and in the aggregate are not significant to our financial results.

Inventories.    Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market value. Inventory costs include those costs directly attributable to products before sale, including all manufacturing overhead but excluding distribution costs. All domestic inventories, excluding materials and supplies, are determined on a last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) basis and our remaining inventories are recorded on a first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) basis. See Note 5.

Property, plant and equipment.    We record property, plant and equipment, including capitalized interest, at cost. Depreciation is provided principally on the straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets (land improvements—20 years, buildings—20 to 40 years, and machinery and equipment—3 to 18 years). Gains and losses are reflected in income upon sale or retirement of assets. Expenditures that extend the useful lives of property, plant and equipment or increase productivity are capitalized. Ordinary repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred through operating expense.

 

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FMC CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Impairments of long-lived assets.    We review the recovery of the net book value of long-lived assets whenever events and circumstances indicate that the net book value of an asset may not be recoverable from the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to result from its use and eventual disposition. In cases where undiscounted expected future cash flows are less than the net book value, we recognize an impairment loss equal to an amount by which the net book value exceeds the fair value of the asset. Long-lived assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell.

Asset Retirement Obligations.    We record asset retirement obligations at fair value at the time the liability is incurred. The associated asset retirement obligations are capitalized as part of the carrying amount of related long-lived assets. In future periods, the liability is accreted to its present value and the capitalized cost is depreciated over the useful life of the related asset. We also adjust the liability for changes resulting from the passage of time and/or revisions to the timing or the amount of the original estimate. Upon retirement of the long-lived asset, we either settle the obligation for its recorded amount or incur a gain or loss. See Note 8 for further discussion on our asset retirement obligations.

Restructuring and other charges.    We continually perform strategic reviews and assess the return on our businesses. This sometimes results in a plan to restructure the operations of a business. We record an accrual for severance and other exit costs under the provisions of the relevant accounting guidance.

Additionally, as part of these restructuring plans, write-downs of long-lived assets may occur. Two types of assets are impacted: assets to be disposed of by sale and assets to be abandoned. Assets to be disposed of by sale are measured at the lower of carrying amount or estimated net proceeds from the sale. Assets to be abandoned with no remaining future service potential are written down to amounts expected to be recovered. The useful life of assets to be abandoned that have a remaining future service potential are adjusted and accelerated depreciation is recorded over the adjusted useful life.

Capitalized interest.    We capitalized interest costs of $3.8 million in 2009, $5.7 million in 2008 and $4.2 million in 2007. These costs were associated with the construction of certain long-lived assets and have been capitalized as part of the cost of those assets. We amortize capitalized interest over the assets’ estimated useful lives.

Other assets.    Unamortized capitalized software costs totaling $13.8 million and $13.7 million at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, are components of other assets, which also include debt financing fees, advances to contract manufacturers, recoveries related to environmental obligations (see Note 10), intangibles assets other than goodwill (see Note 4), fair value of a deferred compensation arrangement (see Note 17) and other deferred charges. We capitalize the costs of internal use software in accordance with accounting literature which generally permits the capitalization of certain costs incurred to develop or obtain internal use software. We assess the recoverability of capitalized software costs on an ongoing basis and record write-downs to fair value as necessary. We amortize capitalized software costs over expected useful lives ranging from three to ten years.

Goodwill and intangible assets.    Goodwill and other indefinite intangible assets (“intangibles”) are not subject to amortization. Instead, they are subject to at least an annual assessment for impairment by applying a fair value-based test.

We test goodwill for impairment annually using the criteria prescribed by U.S. GAAP accounting guidance for goodwill and other intangible assets. We did not record any goodwill impairments in 2009, 2008 and 2007.

Definite life intangible assets consist primarily of patents, access rights, customer relationships, registration rights, industry licenses, developed formulations and other intangibles and are being amortized over periods of 5 to 20 years. See Note 4 for additional information on goodwill and intangible assets.

 

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FMC CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Revenue recognition.    We recognize revenue when the earnings process is complete, which is generally upon transfer of title. This transfer typically occurs either upon shipment to the customer or upon receipt by the customer. In all cases, we apply the following criteria in recognizing revenue: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the selling price is fixed or determinable and collection is reasonably assured. Rebates due to customers are accrued as a reduction of revenue in the same period that the related sales are recorded based on the contract terms.

We record amounts billed for shipping and handling fees as revenue. Costs incurred for shipping and handling are recorded as costs of sales and services.

Income and other taxes.    We provide current income taxes on income reported for financial statement purposes adjusted for transactions that do not enter into the computation of income taxes payable and recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. We do not provide income taxes on the equity in undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries or affiliates when it is our intention that such earnings will remain invested in those companies. Investment tax credits or grants, which were immaterial to us in all years presented, are accounted for in the period earned (the flow-through method).

We record on a net basis all taxes collected from customers to be remitted to governmental authorities in our consolidated statements of income.

Foreign currency translation.    We translate the assets and liabilities of most of our foreign operations at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. The foreign operations’ income statements are translated at the monthly exchange rates for the period. For operations where the local currency is the functional currency we record translation gains and losses as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income or loss in stockholders’ equity until the foreign entity is sold or liquidated. We did not have significant operations in any highly inflationary countries during 2009, 2008 and 2007. In countries where the local currency is not the functional currency, except for property, plant and equipment, and other non-current assets which are converted to functional currencies at historical exchange rates, all gains or losses from conversion are included in net income. Net income (loss) for 2009, 2008 and 2007 included aggregate transactional foreign currency gains and losses. We recorded a net gain (loss) of $(7.5) million, $0.4 million and $(13.8) million for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008, and 2007 respectively. Other comprehensive income or loss for 2009, 2008 and 2007 included translation gains (losses) of $17.4 million, $(44.5) million and $33.6 million, respectively.

The value of the U.S. dollar and other currencies in which we operate continually fluctuate. Results of operations and financial position for all the years presented have been affected by such fluctuations. We enter into certain foreign exchange contracts to mitigate the financial risk associated with this fluctuation as discussed in Note 17. These contracts typically qualify for hedge accounting. See “Derivative financial instruments” below and Note 17.

Derivative financial instruments.    We mitigate certain financial exposures, including currency risk, interest rate risk, and energy purchase exposures, through a controlled program of risk management that includes the use of derivative financial instruments. We enter into foreign exchange contracts, including forward and purchased option contracts, to reduce the effects of fluctuating foreign currency exchange rates.

We recognize all derivatives on the balance sheet at fair value. On the date the derivative instrument is entered into, we generally designate the derivative as either a hedge of the variability of cash flows to be received or paid related to a forecasted transaction (cash flow hedge) or a hedge of the fair value of a recognized asset or

 

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liability or of an unrecognized firm commitment (fair value hedge). We record in accumulated other comprehensive income or loss changes in the fair value of derivatives that are designated as and meet all the required criteria for a cash flow hedge. We then reclassify these amounts into earnings as the underlying hedged item affects earnings. We record immediately in earnings changes in the fair value of derivatives that are not designated as cash flow hedges.

We formally document all relationships between hedging instruments and hedged items, as well as the risk management objective and strategy for undertaking various hedge transactions. This process includes relating derivatives that are designated as fair value or cash flow hedges to specific assets and liabilities on the balance sheet or to specific firm commitments or forecasted transactions. We also formally assess, both at the inception of the hedge and throughout its term, whether each derivative is highly effective in offsetting changes in fair values or cash flows of the hedged item. If we determine that a derivative is not highly effective as a hedge, or if a derivative ceases to be a highly effective hedge, we discontinue hedge accounting with respect to that derivative prospectively. We had $0.7 million, $0.2 million and $0.1 million of ineffective losses related to our hedges for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Treasury stock.    We record shares of common stock repurchased at cost as treasury stock, resulting in a reduction of stockholders’ equity in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. When the treasury shares are contributed under our employee benefit plans, we use a first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method for determining cost. The difference between the cost of the shares and the market price at the time of contribution to an employee benefit plan is added to or deducted from capital in excess of par value of common stock.

Segment information.    We determined our reportable segments based on our strategic business units, the commonalities among the products and services within each segment and the manner in which we review and evaluate operating performance.

We have identified Agricultural Products, Specialty Chemicals and Industrial Chemicals as our reportable segments. Segment disclosures are included in Note 19. Segment operating profit is defined as segment revenue less operating expenses (segment operating expenses consist of costs of sales and services, selling, general and administrative expenses and research and development expenses). We have excluded the following items from segment operating profit: corporate staff expense, interest income and expense associated with corporate debt facilities and investments, income taxes, gains (or losses) on divestitures of businesses, restructuring and other charges, investment gains and losses, loss on extinguishment of debt, asset impairments, LIFO inventory adjustments, amortization of inventory step-up from business acquisitions and other related inventory adjustments, and other income and expense items. Information about how restructuring and other charges relate to our businesses at the segment level is discussed in Note 7.

Segment assets and liabilities are those assets and liabilities that are recorded and reported by segment operations. Segment operating capital employed represents segment assets less segment liabilities. Segment assets exclude corporate and other assets, which are principally cash equivalents, the LIFO reserve on inventory, deferred income taxes, eliminations of intercompany receivables and property and equipment not attributable to a specific segment. Segment liabilities exclude substantially all debt, income taxes, pension and other postretirement benefit liabilities, environmental reserves, restructuring reserves, deferred gains on sale and leaseback of equipment, fair value of currency contracts, intercompany eliminations, and reserves for discontinued operations.

Geographic segment revenue is based on the location of our customers. Geographic segment long-lived assets include investments, net property, plant and equipment, and other non-current assets. Geographic segment data is included in Note 19.

 

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Stock compensation plans.    We recognize compensation expense in the financial statements for all share options and other equity-based arrangements. Share-based compensation cost is measured at the date of grant, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized over the employee’s requisite service period (See Note 14 for further discussion on our share-based compensation).

Environmental obligations.    We provide for environmental-related obligations when they are probable and amounts can be reasonably estimated. Where the available information is sufficient to estimate the amount of liability, that estimate has been used. Where the information is only sufficient to establish a range of probable liability and no point within the range is more likely than any other, the lower end of the range has been used.

Estimated obligations to remediate sites that involve oversight by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), or similar government agencies, are generally accrued no later than when a Record of Decision (ROD), or equivalent, is issued, or upon completion of a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) that is submitted by us and the appropriate government agency or agencies. Estimates are reviewed quarterly and, if necessary, adjusted as additional information becomes available. The estimates can change substantially as additional information becomes available regarding the nature or extent of site contamination, required remediation methods, and other actions by or against governmental agencies or private parties.

Included in the environmental reserve balance, other assets and reasonably possible loss contingencies are potentially recoverable amounts from third party insurance policies.

Our environmental liabilities for continuing and discontinued operations are principally for costs associated with the remediation and/or study of sites at which we are alleged to have disposed of hazardous substances. Such costs principally include, among other items, RI/FS, site remediation, costs of operation and maintenance of the remediation plan, attorney fees and consultants for work related to the environmental effort, and future monitoring costs. Estimated site liabilities are determined based upon existing remediation laws and technologies, specific site consultants’ engineering studies or by extrapolating experience with environmental issues at comparable sites.

Provisions for environmental costs are reflected in income, net of probable and estimable recoveries from named Potentially Responsible Parties (“PRPs”) or other third parties. Such provisions incorporate inflation and are not discounted to their present values.

In calculating and evaluating the adequacy of our environmental reserves, we have taken into account the joint and several liability imposed by Comprehensive Environmental Remediation, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the analogous state laws on all PRPs and have considered the identity and financial condition of each of the other PRPs at each site to the extent possible. We have also considered the identity and financial condition of other third parties from whom recovery is anticipated, as well as the status of our claims against such parties. Although we are unable to forecast the ultimate contributions of PRPs and other third parties with absolute certainty, the degree of uncertainty with respect to each party is taken into account when determining the environmental reserve by adjusting the reserve to reflect the facts and circumstances on a site-by-site basis. Our liability includes our best estimate of the costs expected to be paid before the consideration of any potential recoveries from third parties. We believe that any recorded recoveries related to PRPs are realizable in all material respects. Recoveries are recorded as either an offset in “Environmental liabilities, continuing and discontinued” or as “Other Assets” in our consolidated balance sheets.

Pension and other postretirement benefits.    We provide qualified and nonqualified defined benefit and defined contribution pension plans, as well as postretirement health care and life insurance benefit plans to our employees. Effective July 1, 2007, all of our newly hired and rehired salaried and nonunion hourly employees are

 

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no longer eligible for our defined benefit pension plans. The costs (or benefits) and obligations related to these benefits reflect key assumptions related to general economic conditions, including interest (discount) rates, healthcare cost trend rates, expected rates of return on plan assets and the rates of compensation increases for employees. The costs (or benefits) and obligations for these benefit programs are also affected by other assumptions, such as average retirement age, mortality, employee turnover, and plan participation. To the extent our plans’ actual experience, as influenced by changing economic and financial market conditions or by changes to our own plans’ demographics, differs from these assumptions, the costs and obligations for providing these benefits, as well as the plans’ funding requirements, could increase or decrease. When actual results differ from our assumptions, the difference is typically recognized over future periods. In addition, the unrealized gains and losses related to our pension and postretirement benefit obligations may also affect periodic benefit costs (or benefits) in future periods. See Note 13 for additional information relating to pension and other postretirement benefits.

Reclassifications.    Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation.

 

NOTE 2: RECENTLY ISSUED AND ADOPTED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

New accounting guidance

The FASB Accounting Standards Codification

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) established the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Codification”) as the source of authoritative GAAP recognized by the FASB. The Codification was effective for financial statements for interim or annual reporting periods ending after September 15, 2009. This guidance did not change GAAP therefore it did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements. References within this note and throughout our financial statements to authoritative guidance issued by the FASB are in reference to the codification.

Variable Interest Entities

In June 2009, the FASB amended guidance regarding the consolidation of variable interest entities, by altering how a company determines when an entity that is insufficiently capitalized or not controlled through voting should be consolidated. A company has to determine whether it should consolidate an entity based upon the entity’s purpose and design and the parent company’s ability to direct the entity’s actions. We are required to adopt this guidance starting on January 1, 2010. Early adoption is prohibited. We have evaluated this guidance and do not believe it will have an effect on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets

In June 2009, the FASB amended its guidance on accounting for transfers of financial assets. This amended literature will require entities to provide more information about sales of securitized financial assets and similar transactions, particularly if the seller retains some risk to the assets. This guidance eliminates the concept of a qualifying special-purpose entity, changes the requirements for the de-recognition of financial assets, and requires sellers of the assets to make additional disclosures. We are required to adopt this guidance starting in on January 1, 2010. Early adoption is prohibited. We have evaluated this guidance and do not believe it will have an effect on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

 

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Accounting guidance adopted in 2009

Disclosures about Postretirement Benefit Plan Assets

In December 2008, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on an employer’s disclosures about plan assets of a defined benefit pension or other postretirement plan. The literature requires additional disclosure regarding how investment allocation decisions are made, additional information about major categories of plan assets, including concentrations of risk and fair-value measurements, and the fair-value techniques and inputs used to measure plan assets. We adopted this guidance beginning with our 2009 Form 10-K. See Note 13 for adoption of this guidance.

Subsequent Events

In May 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on subsequent events. This guidance establishes the accounting and disclosure of events that occur after the balance sheet date but before financial statements are issued or are available to be issued. This guidance requires the disclosure of the date through which an entity has evaluated subsequent events and the basis for that date. We adopted this guidance for our June 30, 2009 Form 10-Q. Other than disclosure, the implementation of this guidance did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Business Combinations

In December 2007, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on the accounting for business combinations. Under the new guidance, an entity is required to recognize the assets acquired, liabilities assumed, contractual contingencies, and contingent consideration at their fair values on the acquisition date. In April 2009, the FASB issued additional literature on the accounting for business combinations. This literature addresses issues related to initial recognition and measurement, subsequent measurement and accounting, and disclosure of assets and liabilities arising from contingencies in a business combination. We adopted both of these pieces of authoritative guidance on January 1, 2009. There was no impact to our consolidated financial statements upon adoption of this literature. All acquisitions, subsequent to January 1, 2009, have and will be accounted for under this new guidance.

Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements

In December 2007, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on noncontrolling interests in consolidated financial statements. This guidance applies to the accounting for noncontrolling interests and transactions with noncontrolling interest holders in consolidated financial statements. This new literature changes the accounting and reporting for minority interests, which has been recharacterized as noncontrolling interests and classified as a component of equity. Additionally, the literature provides guidance on the treatment of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests and requires additional disclosures that identify and distinguish between the interests of the controlling and noncontrolling owners. We adopted this guidance on January 1, 2009 via retrospective application of the presentation and disclosure requirements. Other than the new presentation and disclosure requirements, there was no impact to our consolidated financial statements upon adoption of this guidance.

Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

In March 2008, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on disclosures about derivative instruments and hedging activities. This guidance applies to the disclosure requirements for all derivative instruments and hedged items. This literature amends and expands the disclosure requirements of derivative and hedging accounting

 

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guidance, requiring qualitative disclosures about objectives and strategies for using derivatives, quantitative disclosures about fair value amounts and gains and losses on derivative instruments, and disclosures about the credit risk related contingent features in derivative agreements. Pursuant to the transition provisions of this literature, we adopted this guidance on January 1, 2009 and presented the required disclosures in the prescribed format on a prospective basis. Other than new disclosure, there was no impact to our consolidated financial statements upon adoption. See Note 17 for adoption of this guidance.

Determining Whether Instruments Granted in Share-Based Payment Transactions are Participating Securities

In June 2008, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on determining whether instruments granted in share-based payment transactions are participating securities. This guidance requires non-vested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents to be treated as participating securities and, therefore, included in the earnings allocation in computing earnings per share under the two-class method. We adopted this literature on January 1, 2009 and all previously reported earnings per share data was adjusted retrospectively to conform with the requirements of the guidance. Our restricted stock awards granted to employees and directors are considered participating securities as they receive non-forfeitable dividends at the same rate as common stock. The implementation of this guidance decreased our previously reported basic earnings per share by approximately $0.03 and $0.02 for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and had no impact on our previously reported diluted earnings per share. See Note 16 for adoption of this guidance.

Fair Value Reporting for Non-Financial Assets and Non-Financial Liabilities

In February 2008, the FASB delayed its effective date by one year related to the fair value reporting requirements for non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities, except for items that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis. We adopted these requirements for non-financial assets and liabilities on January 1, 2009. See Note 17 for adoption of this guidance. Other than new disclosure, there was no impact to our consolidated financial statements upon adoption of this guidance.

Equity Method Investment Accounting Considerations

In September 2008, the FASB issued authoritative guidance with respect to equity method investment accounting considerations. The consensus requires an equity-method investor to recognize its proportionate share of impairment charges recognized by the investee, adjusted for basis differences, if any, between the investee’s carrying amount for the impaired assets and the cost allocated to such assets by the investor. The investor is also required to perform an overall other-than-temporary impairment test of its investment. We adopted this guidance on January 1, 2009. There was no impact to our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

Accounting for Defensive Intangible Assets

In November 2008, the FASB issued authoritative guidance with respect to accounting for defensive intangible assets. The guidance applies to acquired intangible assets in situations in which an entity does not intend to actively use the asset but intends to hold the asset to prevent others from obtaining access to the asset (a defensive intangible asset). These assets should be accounted for as separate identifiable defensive intangible assets and should be assigned a useful life that reflects the entity’s consumption of the expected benefits related to that asset. We adopted this guidance on January 1, 2009. There was no impact to our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

 

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NOTE 3: ACQUISITIONS

2009 Acquisitions

In February 2009, we acquired the CB Professional Products line of insect control products from Waterbury Companies, Inc. and in June 2009, we acquired the proprietary fungicide Benalaxyl from Isagro S.p.A. Both of these acquisitions are being integrated into our Agricultural Products Group and fit our strategic goal of offering an expanded product portfolio in focus markets and geographic segments. The CB Professional Products line provides a comprehensive set of solutions to pest management professionals primarily in the United States. Benalaxyl is a highly effective systematic fungicide and is registered in more than 50 countries with the majority of sales expected in the European Union and Latin America. The combined purchase price for both acquisitions was approximately $34 million. The results of operations of the above acquisitions have been included in the Agricultural Products segment since their acquisition dates of February and June 2009, respectively.

The CB acquisition included intangible assets of $12.1 million (primarily customer relationships and trade names) and inventory of $1.7 million. Approximately $1.0 million of the purchase price was accrued as contingent consideration. The Benalaxyl acquisition totaled $20.0 million and consisted of registration rights and trademarks.

The acquired intangible assets from these acquisitions that are subject to amortization, primarily customer relationships, registration rights and developed formulations, have useful lives ranging from 5 to 20 years.

Pro forma revenue, net income and earnings per share information related to these acquisitions are not presented because its impact on these measures in our consolidated statements of income is not significant.

2008 Acquisitions

During the third quarter of 2008, we acquired the two businesses described below for approximately $97 million. We paid $89.7 million in cash for these two businesses which represents the purchase price of approximately $97 million less cash acquired. The final purchase price includes working capital adjustments incurred in 2009. The businesses were integrated into our Specialty Chemicals segment’s BioPolymer Division.

In August 2008, we acquired the hydrocolloids ingredients business of International Specialty Products Inc. (“ISP”) based in Girvan, Scotland. This acquisition is intended to strengthen our position in hydrocolloids and enhance service to the global customers in food, pharmaceutical and specialty industries. Under the agreement, we acquired ISP’s alginates and food blends business (other than ISP’s Germinal blending business based in Brazil), including ISP’s Girvan, Scotland, manufacturing facility and employees. The results of operations of the ISP business have been included in the Specialty Chemicals segment since the acquisition date of August 18, 2008.

In September 2008, we acquired shares and assets comprising the food ingredients business of the CoLiving Group. The acquisition is intended to enhance our position in supplying specialty hydrocolloid products and services to the rapidly growing food ingredients market in China. The results of operations of the CoLiving business have been included in the Specialty Chemicals segment since the acquisition date of September 29, 2008.

 

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The following table presents the final purchase price allocation of our Specialty Chemical segment acquisitions described above. During the year ended December 31, 2009, we finalized the purchase price allocation of these acquisitions which resulted in an adjustment of $8.4 million to goodwill.

 

(in Millions)     

Current Assets (primarily inventory)

   $ 45.4

Property, Plant & Equipment

     16.2

Intangible Assets (primarily customer relationships)

     17.4

Goodwill

     31.1

Deferred Tax Asset

     12.2
      

Total Assets Acquired

   $ 122.3

Current Liabilities

     22.2

Long-Term Liabilities (primarily deferred tax liability)

     3.0
      

Net Assets

   $ 97.1
      

As of the acquisition dates, we began to assess and formulate plans to restructure the acquired entities. These activities were accounted for in accordance with the then applicable accounting guidance related to recognition of liabilities in connection with a purchase business combination. The estimated costs have been recognized as liabilities in the purchase price allocations above. Refer to Note 7 for a rollforward of the restructuring activities related to the Alginates operations.

The acquired intangible assets that are subject to amortization, primarily customer relationships, have a weighted average useful life of 20 years. The $31.1 million of goodwill, most of which is deductible for income tax purposes, is included in our Specialty Chemicals segment.

Pro forma revenue had the acquisitions of ISP and CoLiving occurred on January 1, 2007 and January 1, 2008, would have been $3,177.4 million and $2,714.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively. This information is based on historical results of operations, and, in our opinion, is not necessarily indicative of the results that would have been achieved had we operated the entities acquired since such dates. Pro forma net income and earnings per share information related to these acquisitions are not presented because the impact of these acquisitions on these measures in our consolidated statements of income is not significant.

 

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NOTE 4: GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by business segment for the years ended December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 are presented in the table below:

 

(in Millions)

   Agricultural
Products
   Specialty
Chemicals
    Industrial
Chemicals
   Total  

Balance, December 31, 2007

   $ 2.7    $ 176.9      $ 0.6    $ 180.2   

Acquisitions

     —        22.7        —        22.7   

Foreign Currency Adjustments

     —        (5.9     —        (5.9
                              

Balance, December 31, 2008

   $ 2.7    $ 193.7      $ 0.6    $ 197.0   

Acquisitions

     0.1      —          —        0.1   

Purchase Price Allocation Adjustments (See Note 3)

     —        8.4        —        8.4   

Foreign Currency Adjustments

     —        4.0        —        4.0   
                              

Balance, December 31, 2009

   $ 2.8    $ 206.1      $ 0.6    $ 209.5   
                              

Acquisitions for the year ended December 31, 2009, related to the CB Professional Products acquisition and acquisitions for the year ended December 31, 2008, relate to the ISP and CoLiving acquisitions. These acquisitions are described in Note 3.

Our indefinite life intangible assets totaled $2.4 million at December 31, 2009. We did not have any indefinite life intangible assets at December 31, 2008. The indefinite life intangible assets consist of trade names acquired as part of the CB Professional Products acquisition in our Agricultural Products segment as discussed in Note 3.

Our definite life intangible assets totaled $55.1 million and $26.9 million at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. At December 31, 2009, these definite life intangibles were allocated among our business segments as follows: $35.6 million in Agricultural Products, $18.5 million in Specialty Chemicals and $1.0 million in Industrial Chemicals. Definite life intangible assets consist primarily of patents, customer relationships, access and registration rights, industry licenses, developed formulations and other intangibles and are included in “Other assets” in the consolidated balance sheets. The increase in definite life intangibles during the year ended December 31, 2009, was due to the intangible assets acquired in connection with the acquisitions described in Note 3. Amortization was not significant in the periods presented. The estimated amortization expense for each of the five years ended December 31, 2010 to 2014 is also not significant.

 

NOTE 5: INVENTORIES

The current replacement cost of inventories exceeded their recorded values by $165.3 million at December 31, 2009 and $150.0 million at December 31, 2008. Approximately 36 percent of inventories in 2009 and approximately 34 percent of inventories in 2008 are recorded on the LIFO basis. In 2009 and 2008, approximately 64 percent and 66 percent, respectively, of inventories are determined on a FIFO basis.

 

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Inventories consisted of the following:

 

     December 31,
     2009    2008
     (in Millions)

Finished goods and work in process

   $ 214.6    $ 249.7

Raw materials

     135.9      131.1
             

Net inventory

   $ 350.5    $ 380.8
             

 

NOTE 6: PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:

 

     December 31,
     2009    2008
     (in Millions)

Land and land improvements

   $ 140.9    $ 136.8

Mineral rights

     31.4      33.8

Buildings

     349.9      313.5

Machinery and equipment

     2,132.9      2,037.6

Construction in progress

     94.7      119.8
             

Total cost

     2,749.8      2,641.5

Accumulated depreciation

     1,785.3      1,702.3
             

Property, plant and equipment, net

   $ 964.5    $ 939.2
             

Depreciation expense was $108.4 million, $106.1 million, and $113.8 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

 

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NOTE 7: RESTRUCTURING AND OTHER CHARGES (INCOME)

Our restructuring and other charges (income) are comprised of restructuring, asset impairments and other charges (income).

Our restructuring and other charges (income) are comprised of the following:

 

     Year Ended December 31,
     2009     2008     2007
     (in Millions)

Baltimore Phase Out

   $ 1.8      $ 31.5      $ 104.9

Jacksonville Phase Out

     —          5.6        —  

Alginates Restructuring

     13.3        —          —  

Bayport Butyllithium Shutdown

     7.5        —          —  

Bromborough Lithium Metal Production Shutdown

     7.4        —          —  

Barcelona Facility Shutdown

     25.8        —          —  

Foret Asset Abandonments

     —          —          12.2

Santa Clara Shutdown

     6.7        —          —  

Other Items

     19.0        15.1        7.9
                      

Restructuring charges and asset impairments

   $ 81.5      $ 52.2      $ 125.0

Princeton Property Sale

     (2.3     (29.0     —  

Sodium Sulfate Assets Sale

     (1.0     (3.6     —  

Legal Settlements

     29.9        10.0        24.3

Environmental Charges at Operating Sites (see Note 10)

     20.2        16.2        10.2

Other, net

     4.5        3.8        5.4
                      

Other charges (income), net

   $ 51.3      $ (2.6   $ 39.9
                      

Total Restructuring and Other Charges

   $ 132.8      $ 49.6      $ 164.9
                      

RESTRUCTURING CHARGES AND ASSET IMPAIRMENTS

Agricultural Products

Baltimore Phase Out

In June 2007, we made the decision to phase out operations of our Baltimore, Maryland facility in our Agricultural Products segment. Our decision was consistent with our strategy to maintain globally cost-competitive manufacturing positions by sourcing raw materials, intermediates and finished products in lower-cost manufacturing locations. We ceased production at this facility in the second quarter of 2008.

We recorded charges totaling $1.8 million during the year ended December 31, 2009, which consisted of (i) demolition costs of $1.2 million and (ii) other shutdown costs of $0.6 million.

We recorded charges totaling $31.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2008. These charges consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets of $27.0 million, (ii) severance and employee benefits of $1.4 million, and (iii) other shutdown charges of $3.1 million.

We recorded charges totaling $104.9 million during the year ended December 31, 2007, which consisted of (i) plant and equipment impairment charges and accelerated depreciation on fixed assets of $98.7 million, and (ii) severance and employee benefits of $6.2 million. The plant and equipment impairment charges were primarily the result of the abandonment of a significant amount of assets at this facility before the end of their previously estimated useful life.

 

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Jacksonville Phase Out

In May 2008, we made the decision to phase out operations of our Jacksonville, Florida facility in our Agricultural Products segment by the third quarter of 2008. Our decision was consistent with our strategy to maintain globally cost-competitive manufacturing positions.

We recorded charges totaling $5.6 million during the year ended December 31, 2008, which consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets of $3.8 million, (ii) severance and employee benefits of $1.0 million, and (iii) other shutdown charges of $0.8 million.

Specialty Chemicals

Alginates Restructuring

In January 2009, we announced plans to realign our BioPolymer alginates manufacturing operations in Norway and the United Kingdom as we continue integration of the International Specialty Products (ISP) alginates business acquired in August 2008. A portion of the restructuring charges associated with this realignment were recognized as liabilities in the purchase price allocation described in Note 3.

We recorded charges related to the pre-existing operations totaling $13.3 million during the year ended December 31, 2009, which consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $8.6 million, (ii) severance and employee benefits of $3.9 million and (iii) other shut down charges of $0.8 million.

Bayport Butyllithium Shutdown

In March 2009, we made the decision to close our Bayport butyllithium facility located in Bayport, Texas. The Bayport butyllithium facility is part of our Lithium division which is included in our Specialty Chemicals segment. Our decision is consistent with our ongoing strategy to be globally competitive and focus on products consistent with market demands.

We recorded charges totaling $7.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2009, which consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $6.8 million and (ii) severance and employee benefits of $0.7 million.

Bromborough Lithium Metal Production Unit Shutdown

In September 2009, we made the decision to close our Lithium metal production unit at our Bromborough, UK plant. The facility is included in our Specialty Chemicals segment.

We recorded charges totaling $7.4 million during the year ended December 31, 2009, which consisted of (i) severance and employee benefits of $1.8 million, (ii) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $5.0 million and (iii) other shut down costs of $0.6 million.

Industrial Chemicals

Barcelona Facility Shutdown

In June 2009, we made the decision to phase out operations of our Barcelona, Spain facility by March 2010. The facility is part of Foret which is included in our Industrial Chemicals segment. High costs at the Barcelona facility coupled with reduced demand for product manufactured at that site have made it uneconomical for FMC to continue operations at the Barcelona facility.

 

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We recorded charges totaling $25.8 million during the year ended December 31, 2009, which consisted of (i) severance and employee benefits of $10.1 million, (ii) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $15.2 million and (iii) other shut down costs of $0.5 million.

Abandonment of Foret Co-Generation Facility and Other Foret Fixed Asset Abandonments

During the second quarter of 2007, we abandoned a co-generation facility at Foret and recorded an impairment charge of $8.2 million. This facility, which is part of our Industrial Chemicals segment, produced electrical power and thermal energy by co-generation for use at one of Foret’s production properties. Historically, excess electricity produced from this facility was sold into the Spanish market. We own 75 percent of this co-generation facility and have recorded noncontrolling interest associated with this charge of $1.4 million as part of “Noncontrolling interests” in the consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2007.

During the third quarter of 2007, we abandoned certain fixed assets also at Foret and recorded impairment charges of $4.0 million. These fixed assets were at various facilities at Foret.

Santa Clara Shutdown

In March 2009, we made the decision to shut down our manufacturing operations at our Peroxygens facility in Santa Clara, Mexico, which is part of our Industrial Chemicals segment. The decision to shut down the Santa Clara operations was made in an effort to maximize cost savings and improve efficiencies.

We recorded charges totaling $6.7 million during the year ended December 31, 2009, which consisted of (i) accelerated depreciation on fixed assets to be abandoned of $3.5 million, (ii) severance and employee benefits of $1.5 million, and (iii) other shut down costs of $1.7 million.

Other Items

In addition to the restructurings described above, we engaged in certain other restructuring activities within all three of our segments during the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007 which resulted in severance and asset abandonment charges. We expect these restructuring charges to improve our global competitiveness through improved cost efficiencies.

Restructuring and other charges (income) for the year ended December 31, 2009, included $12.4 million of severance costs due to workforce restructurings, of which $11.0 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment and $1.4 million related to our Specialty Chemicals segment. We also recorded $6.4 million of asset abandonment charges, of which $2.6 million related to our Agricultural Products segment, $2.7 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment and $1.1 million related to our Specialty Chemicals segment. Remaining restructuring and other charges (income) for the year ended December 31, 2009 included $0.2 million of charges primarily representing adjustments related to previously recorded restructuring reserves. Asset abandonment charges were determined based upon our decision to abandon these assets before the end of their previously estimated life.

Restructuring and other charges (income) for the year ended December 31, 2008, included $8.1 million of severance costs due to workforce restructurings, of which $3.2 million related to our Agricultural Products segment, $4.2 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment and $0.7 million related to our Specialty Chemicals segment. We recorded $7.0 million of asset abandonment charges, of which $2.2 million related to our Agricultural Products segment, $1.5 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment and $3.3 million related to our Specialty Chemicals segment.

 

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Restructuring and other charges (income) for the year ended December 31, 2007, included $6.8 million of severance costs, of which $5.6 million related to our Industrial Chemicals segment and $1.2 million related to our Agricultural Products Segment. We also recorded $1.1 million of asset abandonment charges in our Industrial Chemicals segment.

Rollforward of Restructuring Reserves

The following table shows a rollforward of restructuring reserves and the related spending and other changes:

 

(in Millions)

  Balance at
12/31/07
(3)
  Increase in
reserves

(2)
  Cash
payments
    Balance at
12/31/08

(3)
  Increase in
reserves

(2)
  Cash
payments
    Balance at
12/31/09

(3)

Baltimore and Jacksonville Facility Shutdowns

  $ 6.2   $ 6.3   $ (9.1   $ 3.4   $ 1.0   $ (4.4   $ —  

Alginates Restructuring

    —       3.0     —          3.0     8.2     (2.7     8.5

Bayport Butyllithium Facility Shutdown

    —       —       —          —       0.7     (0.4     0.3

Bromborough Lithium Metal Production Unit Shutdown

    —       —       —          —       1.9     (0.1     1.8

Barcelona Facility Shutdown

    —       —       —          —       10.1     —          10.1

Santa Clara Facility Shutdown

    —       —       —          —       3.2     (2.1     1.1

Other Workforce Related and Facility Shutdowns (1)

    5.9     8.4     (12.2     2.1     13.1     (14.4     0.8
                                             

Total

  $ 12.1   $ 17.7   $ (21.3   $ 8.5   $ 38.2   $ (24.1   $ 22.6
                                             

 

(1) Primarily severance costs related to workforce reductions and facility shutdowns described in the “Other Items” sections above.
(2) Primarily severance costs. The impairment and accelerated depreciation charges noted above impacted our property, plant and equipment balances and are not included in the above tables.
(3) Included in “Accrued and other liabilities” on the consolidated balance sheets.

OTHER CHARGES (INCOME), NET

Princeton Property Sale

On March 18, 2008, we completed the sale of our 158-acre Princeton research center to the Princeton HealthCare System. Gross proceeds from the sale were $62.5 million and net proceeds after offsets, commissions and fees totaled approximately $60 million. The gain on sale was $29.0 million and is included in “restructuring and other charges (income)” in the consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2008. The gain on sale was reduced by the sale-leaseback deferral described below.

As part of the sale, we entered into a sale-leaseback under which certain of the buildings sold to the Princeton HealthCare System were leased back to us for a maximum period up to approximately three years. The leaseback was accounted for as an operating lease and the present value of the lease payments was deferred as part of the gain on sale. At the time of the sale, we recorded a deferred gain in the amount of $6.7 million. This amount was being recognized as a reduction of rent expense over the term of the lease. During the third quarter of 2009, we moved into our new research and development facility and as a result we exited our leases with the Princeton HealthCare System. The event resulted in a net gain of $2.3 million since the amounts we deferred as part of the gain on sale assumed a longer lease period.

Sodium Sulfate Assets Sale

In February 2008, we completed the sale of Foret’s non-cogeneration sodium sulfate assets. Foret is part of our Industrial Chemicals segment. We recognized a gain on sale of these assets of $3.6 million which is included in “restructuring and other charges (income)” in the consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2008. Net proceeds from the transaction were $16.7 million.

 

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We did not complete the sale of the sodium sulfate co-generation facility at the time we sold the other sodium sulfate assets noted above. We completed the sale of this asset in the third quarter of 2009 for a gain of $1.0 million.

Legal Settlements

During the year ended December 31, 2009, we recorded an approximate charge of $21.0 million in connection with the resolution of a regulatory matter in our Industrial Chemicals Segment. We also recorded a charge of $3.3 million related to the settlement of a legal matter in our Industrial Chemicals segment and $5.6 million of other charges primarily represented settlements with state authorities for property claims and adjustments.

During the year ended December 31, 2008, we reached an agreement in principle to settle a federal class action lawsuit, alleging violations of antitrust laws involving our hydrogen peroxide product in our Industrial Chemicals segment in the amount of $10.0 million.

In 2003, Solutia Inc., our joint venture partner in Astaris, filed a lawsuit against us, which ultimately proceeded in U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, claiming that, among other things, we had breached our joint venture agreement due to the alleged failure of the PPA technology we contributed to Astaris and also failed to disclose the information we had about the PPA technology. On April 2, 2007, the parties agreed to settle all claims relating to the litigation in return for a payment of $22.5 million by us. The settlement was approved by the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in the Southern District of New York (where Solutia had filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2003) on May 1, 2007 without any appeal having been taken. This litigation is associated with our Industrial Chemicals business.

During the year ended December 31, 2007, we recorded $1.8 million of charges related to an agreement to settle state court cases alleging violations of antitrust law involving our microcrystalline cellulose product (“MCC”) in our Specialty Chemicals Business.

See Note 18 for further details on our legal matters.

Other Items

In 2006, our Agricultural Products segment entered into a development agreement with a third-party company, whereby we were given the right to develop further one of the third party company’s products in certain geographic markets. In 2007, our Agricultural Products segment entered into a collaboration and license agreement with another third-party company for the purpose of obtaining certain technology and intellectual property rights. In 2007, we acquired further rights under the development agreement and in 2009 we extended our rights under the collaboration and license agreement. We have recorded charges of $2.0 million, $1.0 million and $2.0 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively, under these agreements representing payments to acquire and extend our rights under these agreements. The development agreement representing a fungicide project was terminated by the Company in 2008.

Remaining other charges for 2009, 2008 and 2007 primarily represents the accrual of interest associated with the European Commission fine recorded during the year ended December 31, 2006. See Note 18.

 

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NOTE 8: ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS

We have mining operations in Green River, Wyoming for our soda ash business as well as mining operations in our lithium operations. We have legal reclamation obligations related to these facilities upon closure of the mines. Additionally, we have obligations at the majority of our manufacturing facilities in the event of a permanent plant shutdown. Certain of these obligations are recorded in our environmental reserves described in Note 10. For certain asset retirement obligations (“ARO’s”) not already accrued, we have calculated the fair value of these ARO’s and concluded that the present value of these obligations was immaterial at December 31, 2009. We have also determined that the liability for certain other ARO’s cannot currently be calculated as the settlement dates are not reasonably estimable. We will recognize the liability for these ARO’s when sufficient information exists to estimate a range of potential settlement dates.

The changes in the carrying amounts of ARO’s for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows.

 

(in Millions)

      

Balance at December 31, 2007

   $ 15.1   

Acceleration due to facility shutdowns (1)

     5.2   

Additional ARO liability (2)

     3.6   

Accretion expense

     0.4   

Payments

     (16.6 )
        

Balance at December 31, 2008

   $ 7.7   

Acceleration due to facility shutdowns (1)

     11.7   

Additional ARO liability (2)

     1.0   

Accretion expense

     0.4   

Payments

     (5.7 )
        

Balance at December 31, 2009

   $ 15.1   
        

 

(1) This increase in 2008 was primarily associated with our decision to phase out operations at our Baltimore facility and our Jacksonville facility and in 2009, our Barcelona, Bromborough and Bayport facilities. As a result of these decisions, the estimated settlement dates associated with asset retirement obligations at the facilities were accelerated, resulting in an increase to the liability and an increase to capitalized asset retirement costs. The capitalized asset retirement costs were depreciated on an accelerated basis over the period that we operated the facilities. See Note 7 for further details on these phase outs.
(2) The additions to the ARO liability primarily related to the acquisitions in our Specialty Chemicals segment. Refer to Note 3.

 

NOTE 9: DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

Our discontinued operations represent adjustments to retained liabilities primarily related to operations discontinued between 1976 and 2001. The primary liabilities retained include environmental liabilities, other post-retirement benefit liabilities, self-insurance and long-term obligations related to legal proceedings.

 

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Our discontinued operations comprised the following:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2009     2008     2007  
     (in Millions)  

Adjustment for workers’ compensation, product liability, and other postretirement benefits related to previously discontinued operations (net of income tax expense of $0.2 million, $0.2 million and $0.4 million for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively)

   $ 0.5      $ 0.1      $ 1.1   

Provision for environmental liabilities and legal reserves and expenses related to previously discontinued operations (net of income tax benefit of $11.4 million, $15.2 million and $15.4 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively)

     (18.7     (25.0     (25.4
                        

Discontinued operations, net of income taxes

   $ (18.2   $ (24.9   $ (24.3
                        

Year Ended December 31, 2009

For the year ended December 31, 2009, we recorded a $30.1 million ($18.7 million after-tax) charge to discontinued operations related primarily to environmental issues and legal reserves and expenses. Environmental charges of $7.1 million ($4.4 million after-tax) relate primarily to a provision increase for environmental issues at our Front Royal and Middleport sites as well as for operating and maintenance activities partially offset by recoveries. See the table showing our environmental reserves in Note 10. We also recorded increases to legal reserves and expenses in the amount of $23.0 million ($14.3 million after-tax).

Year Ended December 31, 2008

For the year ended December 31, 2008, we recorded a $40.2 million ($25.0 million after-tax) charge to discontinued operations related primarily to environmental issues and legal reserves and expenses. Environmental charges of $21.0 million ($13.0 million after-tax) relate primarily to a provision to increase reserves for environmental issues at our Front Royal and Middleport sites as well as operating and maintenance activity. We also recorded increases to legal reserves and expenses in the amount of $19.2 million ($12.0 million after-tax).

Year Ended December 31, 2007

During 2007, we recorded a $40.8 million ($25.4 million after-tax) charge to discontinued operations related primarily to environmental issues and legal reserves and expenses. Environmental charges of $21.1 million ($13.1 million after-tax) relate primarily to a provision to increase reserves for environmental issues at our Middleport, Front Royal and Modesto sites. We also recorded increases to legal reserves and expenses in the amount of $19.7 million ($12.3 million after-tax).

Reserve for Discontinued Operations at December 31, 2009 and 2008

The reserve for discontinued operations totaled $41.7 million and $37.5 million at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The liability at December 31, 2009, was comprised of $7.3 million for workers’ compensation and product liability, $11.8 million for other postretirement medical and life insurance benefits provided to former employees of discontinued businesses and $22.6 million of reserves for legal proceedings associated with discontinued operations. The discontinued postretirement medical and life insurance benefits liability equals the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation. Associated with this liability is a net pretax

 

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actuarial gain and prior service credit of $15.4 million ($10.3 million after-tax) and $17.6 million ($11.6 million after-tax) at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The estimated net actuarial gain and prior service credit that will be amortized from accumulated other comprehensive income into discontinued operations during 2010 are $1.7 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

The liability at December 31, 2008 was comprised of $8.1 million for workers’ compensation and product liability, $12.3 million for other postretirement medical and life insurance benefits provided to former employees of discontinued businesses and $17.1 million of reserves for legal proceedings associated with discontinued operations.

We use actuarial methods, to the extent practicable, to monitor the adequacy of product liability, workers’ compensation and other postretirement benefit reserves on an ongoing basis. While the amounts required to settle our liabilities for discontinued operations could ultimately differ materially from the estimates used as a basis for recording these liabilities, we believe that changes in estimates or required expenditures for any individual cost component will not have a material adverse effect on our liquidity or financial condition in any single year and that, in any event, such costs will be satisfied over the course of several years.

Spending in 2009, 2008 and 2007 was $1.1 million, $0.6 million and $1.9 million, respectively, for workers’ compensation, product liability and other claims; $1.2 million, $1.5 million and $2.0 million, respectively, for other postretirement benefits; and $17.6 million, $15.5 million and $18.8 million, respectively, related to reserves for legal proceedings associated with discontinued operations.

 

NOTE 10: ENVIRONMENTAL

We are subject to various federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws and regulations that govern emissions of air pollutants, discharges of water pollutants, and the manufacture, storage, handling and disposal of hazardous substances, hazardous wastes and other toxic materials and remediation of contaminated sites. We are also subject to liabilities arising under Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and similar state laws that impose responsibility on persons who arranged for the disposal of hazardous substances, and on current and previous owners and operators of a facility for the clean-up of hazardous substances released from the facility into the environment. We are also subject to liabilities under RCRA and analogous state laws that require owners and operators of facilities that have treated, stored or disposed of hazardous waste pursuant to a RCRA permit to follow certain waste management practices and to clean up releases of hazardous substances into the environment associated with past or present practices. In addition, when deemed appropriate, we enter certain sites with potential liability into voluntary remediation compliance programs, which are also subject to guidelines that require owners and operators, current and previous, to clean up releases of hazardous substances into the environment associated with past or present practices.

We have been named a Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) at 31 sites on the federal government’s National Priorities List (NPL), at which our potential liability has not yet been settled. In addition, we received notice from the EPA or other regulatory agencies that we may be a PRP, or PRP equivalent, at other sites, including 39 sites at which we have determined that it is reasonably possible that we have an environmental liability. In cooperation with appropriate government agencies, we are currently participating in, or have participated in, a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) or its equivalent at most of the identified sites, with the status of each investigation varying from site to site. At certain sites, a RI/FS has only recently begun, providing limited information, if any, relating to cost estimates, timing, or the involvement of other PRPs; whereas, at other sites, the studies are complete, remedial action plans have been chosen, or a Record of Decision (ROD) has been issued.

 

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Environmental liabilities consist of obligations relating to waste handling and the remediation and/or study of sites at which we are alleged to have released or disposed of hazardous substances. These sites include current operations, previously operated sites, and sites associated with discontinued operations. We have provided reserves for potential environmental obligations that we consider probable and for which a reasonable estimate of the obligation can be made. Accordingly, total reserves of $204.2 million and $194.