MFA-03.31.2014-10Q
Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
_____________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
 
x    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2014
 
OR
 
o    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from                              to                             
 
Commission File Number: 1-13991
 
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_____________________________________________ 
Maryland
 
13-3974868
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
 
 
350 Park Avenue, 20th Floor, New York, New York
 
10022
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(212) 207-6400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
_____________________________________________
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o  No x
 
366,631,614 shares of the registrant’s common stock, $0.01 par value, were outstanding as of April 28, 2014.
 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Table of Contents



MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 (In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)
 
March 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets:
 
 

 
 

Mortgage-backed securities (“MBS”):
 
 

 
 

Agency MBS, at fair value ($6,404,803 and $6,142,306 pledged as collateral, respectively)
 
$
6,841,033

 
$
6,519,221

Non-Agency MBS, at fair value ($1,776,353 and $1,778,067 pledged as collateral, respectively)
 
2,801,336

 
2,569,766

Non-Agency MBS transferred to consolidated variable interest entities (“VIEs”) (1)
 
2,243,819

 
2,282,371

Securities obtained and pledged as collateral, at fair value
 
435,888

 
383,743

Cash and cash equivalents
 
274,672

 
565,370

Restricted cash
 
26,139

 
37,520

Interest receivable
 
36,680

 
35,828

Derivative instruments:
 
 
 
 
MBS linked transactions, net (“Linked Transactions”), at fair value
 
59,826

 
28,181

Interest rate swap agreements (“Swaps”), at fair value
 
5,485

 
13,000

Goodwill
 
7,189

 
7,189

Prepaid and other assets
 
60,922

 
29,719

Total Assets
 
$
12,792,989

 
$
12,471,908

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Repurchase agreements
 
$
8,606,129

 
$
8,339,297

Securitized debt (2)
 
292,526

 
366,205

Obligation to return securities obtained as collateral, at fair value
 
435,888

 
383,743

8% Senior Notes due 2042 (“Senior Notes”)
 
100,000

 
100,000

Accrued interest payable
 
11,743

 
14,726

Swaps, at fair value
 
32,755

 
28,217

Dividends and dividend equivalents rights (“DERs”) payable
 
73,875

 
73,643

Excise tax and interest payable
 
6,198

 
6,398

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
29,288

 
17,428

Total Liabilities
 
$
9,588,402

 
$
9,329,657

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
 


 


 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity:
 
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 7.50% Series B cumulative redeemable; 8,050 shares authorized; 8,000 shares issued and outstanding ($200,000 aggregate liquidation preference)
 
$
80

 
$
80

Common stock, $.01 par value; 886,950 shares authorized; 366,217 and 365,125 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
 
3,662

 
3,651

Additional paid-in capital, in excess of par
 
2,981,287

 
2,972,369

Accumulated deficit
 
(572,627
)
 
(571,544
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
 
792,185

 
737,695

Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
$
3,204,587

 
$
3,142,251

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
$
12,792,989

 
$
12,471,908

 

(1)
Non-Agency MBS transferred to consolidated VIEs represent assets of the consolidated VIEs that can be used only to settle the obligations of each respective VIE.
(2)
Securitized Debt represents third-party liabilities of consolidated VIEs and excludes liabilities of the VIEs acquired by the Company that eliminate on consolidation.  The third-party beneficial interest holders in the VIEs have no recourse to the general credit of the Company.  (See Notes 10 and 15 for further discussion.)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
 
2014
 
2013
 
Interest Income:
 
 

 
 

 
Agency MBS
 
$
39,329

 
$
42,787

 
Non-Agency MBS
 
43,155

 
41,047

 
Non-Agency MBS transferred to consolidated VIEs
 
38,664

 
38,868

 
Cash and cash equivalent investments
 
26

 
36

 
Interest Income
 
$
121,174

 
$
122,738

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest Expense:
 
 

 
 

 
Repurchase agreements
 
$
36,729

 
$
34,675

 
Securitized debt
 
2,185

 
3,476

 
Senior Notes
 
2,007

 
2,007

 
Total Interest Expense
 
$
40,921

 
$
40,158

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Interest Income
 
$
80,253

 
$
82,580

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Income, net:
 
 

 
 

 
Unrealized net gains and net interest income from Linked Transactions
 
$
3,251

 
$
1,536

 
Gain on sales of MBS and U.S. Treasury securities, net
 
3,571

 
1,633

 
Other, net
 
(416
)
 
55

 
Other Income, net
 
$
6,406

 
$
3,224

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating and Other Expense:
 
 

 
 

 
Compensation and benefits
 
$
6,507

 
$
5,273

 
Other general and administrative expense
 
3,964

 
3,180

 
Operating and Other Expense
 
$
10,471

 
$
8,453

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income
 
$
76,188

 
$
77,351

 
Less Preferred Stock Dividends
 
3,750

 
2,040

 
Net Income Available to Common Stock and Participating Securities
 
$
72,438

 
$
75,311

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per Common Share - Basic and Diluted
 
$
0.20

 
$
0.21

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends Declared per Share of Common Stock
 
$
0.20

 
$
0.72

(1)

(1) Includes a special dividend of $0.50 per share declared on March 4, 2013.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Net income
 
$
76,188

 
$
77,351

Other Comprehensive Income:
 
 

 
 

Unrealized gain/(loss) on Agency MBS, net
 
17,843

 
(27,291
)
Unrealized gain on Non-Agency MBS, net
 
51,417

 
146,730

Reclassification adjustment for MBS sales included in net income
 
(2,950
)
 
(1,360
)
Unrealized (loss)/gain on derivative hedging instruments, net
 
(12,267
)
 
12,316

Reclassification of unrealized loss on de-designated derivative hedging instruments
 
447

 

Other Comprehensive Income
 
54,490

 
130,395

Comprehensive income before preferred stock dividends
 
$
130,678

 
$
207,746

Dividends declared on preferred stock
 
(3,750
)
 
(2,040
)
Comprehensive Income Available to Common Stock and Participating Securities
 
$
126,928

 
$
205,706

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31, 2014
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
 
Dollars
 
Shares
Preferred Stock, 7.50% Series B Cumulative Redeemable - Liquidation Preference $25.00 per Share:
 
 
 
 
Balance at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013
 
$
80

 
8,000

 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock, Par Value $.01:
 
 

 
 

Balance at December 31, 2013
 
$
3,651

 
365,125

Issuance of common stock (1)
 
11

 
1,141

Repurchase of shares of common stock (1)
 

 
(49
)
Balance at March 31, 2014
 
$
3,662

 
366,217

 
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital, in excess of Par:
 
 

 
 

Balance at December 31, 2013
 
$
2,972,369

 
 

Issuance of common stock, net of expenses (1)
 
7,605

 
 

Equity-based compensation expense
 
1,430

 
 

Repurchase of shares of common stock (1)
 
(117
)
 
 

Balance at March 31, 2014
 
$
2,981,287

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Deficit:
 
 

 
 

Balance at December 31, 2013
 
$
(571,544
)
 
 

Net income
 
76,188

 
 

Dividends declared on common stock
 
(73,332
)
 
 

Dividends declared on preferred stock
 
(3,750
)
 
 

Dividends attributable to DERs
 
(189
)
 
 

Balance at March 31, 2014
 
$
(572,627
)
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income:
 
 

 
 

Balance at December 31, 2013
 
$
737,695

 
 

Change in unrealized gains on MBS, net
 
66,310

 
 

Change in unrealized losses on derivative hedging instruments, net
 
(11,820
)
 
 

Balance at March 31, 2014
 
$
792,185

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Total Stockholders' Equity at March 31, 2014
 
$
3,204,587

 
 

 
(1)  For the three months ended March 31, 2014, includes approximately $356,000 (48,904 shares) surrendered for tax purposes related to equity-based compensation awards. 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
76,188

 
$
77,351

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Gain on sales of MBS and U.S. Treasury securities
 
(3,571
)
 
(1,633
)
Accretion of purchase discounts on MBS
 
(27,434
)
 
(12,058
)
Amortization of purchase premiums on MBS
 
10,215

 
14,793

Depreciation and amortization on fixed assets and other assets
 
327

 
1,097

Equity-based compensation expense
 
1,484

 
885

Unrealized gains on derivative instruments
 
(2,076
)
 
(1,136
)
(Increase)/decrease in interest receivable
 
(863
)
 
1,891

Increase in prepaid and other assets
 
(9,644
)
 
(4,088
)
Decrease in accrued expenses and other liabilities, and excise tax and interest
 
(3,745
)
 
(2,699
)
Increase/(decrease) in accrued interest payable on financial instruments
 
7,384

 
(3,237
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
$
48,265

 
$
71,166

 
 
 
 
 
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
 
 

 
 

Principal payments on MBS
 
$
438,149

 
$
711,901

Proceeds from sale of MBS and U.S. Treasury securities
 
15,501

 
206,203

Purchases of MBS
 
(888,106
)
 
(569,006
)
Additions to leasehold improvements, furniture and fixtures
 
(85
)
 
(54
)
Net cash (used in)/provided by investing activities
 
$
(434,541
)
 
$
349,044

 
 
 
 
 
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
 
 

 
 

Principal payments on repurchase agreements
 
$
(20,203,589
)
 
$
(18,024,857
)
Proceeds from borrowings under repurchase agreements
 
20,470,421

 
18,175,212

Principal payments on securitized debt
 
(73,262
)
 
(104,802
)
Payments made on obligation to return securities obtained as collateral
 

 
(200,050
)
Cash disbursements on financial instruments underlying Linked Transactions
 
(374,073
)
 
(57,977
)
Cash received from financial instruments underlying Linked Transactions
 
344,504

 
59,245

Payments made for margin calls on repurchase agreements and Swaps
 
(29,000
)
 

Proceeds from reverse margin calls on repurchase agreements and Swaps
 
30,000

 

Proceeds from issuances of common stock
 
7,616

 
7,278

Dividends paid on preferred stock
 
(3,750
)
 
(2,040
)
Dividends paid on common stock and DERs
 
(73,289
)
 
(71,942
)
Net cash provided by/(used in) financing activities
 
$
95,578

 
$
(219,933
)
Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
(290,698
)
 
$
200,277

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
$
565,370

 
$
401,293

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
274,672

 
$
601,570

 
 
 
 
 
Non-cash Investing and Financing Activities:
 
 

 
 

Net increase in securities obtained as collateral/obligation to return securities obtained as collateral
 
$
47,768

 
$
200,099

Dividends and DERs declared and unpaid
 
$
73,875

 
$
259,607

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

 
1.      Organization
 
MFA Financial, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in Maryland on July 24, 1997 and began operations on April 10, 1998.  The Company has elected to be treated as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) for federal income tax purposes.  In order to maintain its qualification as a REIT, the Company must comply with a number of requirements under federal tax law, including that it must distribute at least 90% of its annual REIT taxable income to its stockholders.  (See Note 11)
 
2.      Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
(a)  Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
 
The interim unaudited financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).  Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted according to these SEC rules and regulations.  Management believes that the disclosures included in these interim financial statements are adequate to make the information presented not misleading.  The accompanying financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.  In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial condition of the Company at March 31, 2014 and results of operations for all periods presented have been made.  The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2014 should not be construed as indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with GAAP.  The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Although the Company’s estimates contemplate current conditions and how it expects them to change in the future, it is reasonably possible that actual conditions could be worse than anticipated in those estimates, which could materially impact the Company’s results of operations and its financial condition.  Management has made significant estimates in several areas, including other-than-temporary impairment (“OTTI”) on Agency and Non-Agency MBS (Note 3), valuation of Agency and Non-Agency MBS (Notes 3 and 14), derivative instruments (Notes 5 and 14) and income recognition on certain Non-Agency MBS purchased at a discount (Note 3).  In addition, estimates are used in the determination of taxable income used in the assessment of REIT compliance and contingent liabilities for related taxes, penalties and interest (Note 2(m)).  Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
The consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of all subsidiaries; significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
 
(b)  Agency and Non-Agency MBS (including Non-Agency MBS transferred to a consolidated VIE)
 
The Company has investments in residential MBS that are issued or guaranteed as to principal and/or interest by a federally chartered corporation, such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, or any agency of the U.S. Government, such as Ginnie Mae (collectively, “Agency MBS”), and residential MBS that are not guaranteed by any U.S. Government agency or any federally chartered corporation (“Non-Agency MBS”), as described in Note 3.
 
Designation
 
The Company generally intends to hold its MBS until maturity; however, from time to time, it may sell any of its securities as part of the overall management of its business.  As a result, all of the Company’s MBS are designated as “available-for-sale” and, accordingly, are carried at their fair value with unrealized gains and losses excluded from earnings (except when an OTTI is recognized, as discussed below) and reported in accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) (“AOCI”), a component of stockholders’ equity.
 
Upon the sale of an investment security, any unrealized gain or loss is reclassified out of AOCI to earnings as a realized gain or loss using the specific identification method.

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

 
Revenue Recognition, Premium Amortization and Discount Accretion
 
Interest income on securities is accrued based on the outstanding principal balance and their contractual terms.  Premiums and discounts associated with Agency MBS and Non-Agency MBS rated AA and higher at the time of purchase are amortized into interest income over the life of such securities using the effective yield method.  Adjustments to premium amortization are made for actual prepayment activity.
 
Interest income on the Non-Agency MBS that were purchased at a discount to par value and/or are considered to be of less than high credit quality is recognized based on the security’s effective interest rate.  The effective interest rate is based on management’s estimate of the projected cash flows for each security, which are based on the Company’s observation of current information and events and include assumptions related to fluctuations in interest rates, prepayment speeds and the timing and amount of credit losses.  On at least a quarterly basis, the Company reviews and, if appropriate, makes adjustments to its cash flow projections based on input and analysis received from external sources, internal models, and its judgment about interest rates, prepayment rates, the timing and amount of credit losses, and other factors.  Changes in cash flows from those originally projected, or from those estimated at the last evaluation, may result in a prospective change in the yield/interest income recognized on these securities or in the recognition of OTTIs.  (See Note 3)
 
Based on the projected cash flows from the Company’s Non-Agency MBS purchased at a discount to par value, a portion of the purchase discount may be designated as non-accretable purchase discount (“Credit Reserve”), which effectively mitigates the Company’s risk of loss on the mortgages collateralizing such MBS and is not expected to be accreted into interest income.  The amount designated as Credit Reserve may be adjusted over time, based on the actual performance of the security, its underlying collateral, actual and projected cash flow from such collateral, economic conditions and other factors.  If the performance of a security with a Credit Reserve is more favorable than forecasted, a portion of the amount designated as Credit Reserve may be reallocated to accretable discount and recognized into interest income over time.  Conversely, if the performance of a security with a Credit Reserve is less favorable than forecasted, the amount designated as Credit Reserve may be increased, or impairment charges and write-downs of such securities to a new cost basis could result.
 
Determination of MBS Fair Value
 
In determining the fair value of the Company’s MBS, management considers a number of observable market data points, including prices obtained from pricing services, brokers and repurchase agreement counterparties, dialogue with market participants, as well as management’s observations of market activity.  (See Note 14)
 
Impairments/OTTI
 
When the fair value of an investment security is less than its amortized cost at the balance sheet date, the security is considered impaired.  The Company assesses its impaired securities on at least a quarterly basis and designates such impairments as either “temporary” or “other-than-temporary.”  If the Company intends to sell an impaired security, or it is more likely than not that it will be required to sell the impaired security before its anticipated recovery, then the Company must recognize an OTTI through charges to earnings equal to the entire difference between the investment’s amortized cost and its fair value at the balance sheet date.  If the Company does not expect to sell an other-than-temporarily impaired security, only the portion of the OTTI related to credit losses is recognized through charges to earnings with the remainder recognized through AOCI on the consolidated balance sheets.  Impairments recognized through other comprehensive income/(loss) (“OCI”) do not impact earnings.  Following the recognition of an OTTI through earnings, a new cost basis is established for the security and may not be adjusted for subsequent recoveries in fair value through earnings.  However, OTTIs recognized through charges to earnings may be accreted back to the amortized cost basis of the security on a prospective basis through interest income.  The determination as to whether an OTTI exists and, if so, the amount of credit impairment recognized in earnings is subjective, as such determinations are based on factual information available at the time of assessment as well as the Company’s estimates of the future performance and cash flow projections.  As a result, the timing and amount of OTTIs constitute material estimates that are susceptible to significant change.  (See Note 3)
 
Non-Agency MBS that are purchased at significant discounts to par/and are otherwise assessed to be of less than high credit quality on which impairments are recognized have experienced, or are expected to experience, credit-related adverse cash flow changes.  The Company’s estimate of cash flows for its Non-Agency MBS is based on its review of the underlying mortgage loans securing the MBS.  The Company considers information available about the past and expected future performance of underlying

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

mortgage loans, including timing of expected future cash flows, prepayment rates, default rates, loss severities, delinquency rates, percentage of non-performing loans, Fair Isaac Corporation (“FICO”) scores at loan origination, year of origination, loan-to-value ratios (“LTVs”), geographic concentrations, as well as reports by credit rating agencies, such as Moody’s Investors Services, Inc. (“Moody’s”), Standard & Poor’s Corporation (“S&P”), or Fitch, Inc. (collectively, “Rating Agencies”), general market assessments, and dialogue with market participants.  As a result, significant judgment is used in the Company’s analysis to determine the expected cash flows for its Non-Agency MBS.  In determining the OTTI related to credit losses for securities that were purchased at significant discounts to par and/or are considered to be of less than high credit quality, the Company compares the present value of the remaining cash flows expected to be collected at the purchase date (or last date previously revised) against the present value of the cash flows expected to be collected at the current financial reporting date.  The discount rate used to calculate the present value of expected future cash flows is the current yield used for income recognition purposes.  Impairment assessment for Non-Agency MBS that were purchased at prices close to par and are considered to be of high credit quality involves comparing the present value of the remaining cash flows expected to be collected against the amortized cost of the security at the assessment date.  The discount rate used to calculate the present value of the expected future cash flows is based on the instrument’s effective interest rate.
 
Balance Sheet Presentation
 
The Company’s MBS pledged as collateral against repurchase agreements and Swaps are included in MBS on the consolidated balance sheets with the fair value of the MBS pledged disclosed parenthetically.  Purchases and sales of securities are recorded on the trade date.  However, if on the purchase settlement date, a repurchase agreement is used to finance the purchase of an MBS with the same counterparty and such transactions are determined to be linked, then the MBS and linked repurchase borrowing will be reported on the same settlement date as Linked Transactions.  (See Notes 2(n) and 5)
 
(c)  Securities Obtained and Pledged as Collateral/Obligation to Return Securities Obtained as Collateral
 
The Company has obtained securities as collateral under collateralized financing arrangements in connection with its financing strategy for Non-Agency MBS.  Securities obtained as collateral in connection with these transactions are recorded on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as an asset along with a liability representing the obligation to return the collateral obtained, at fair value.  While beneficial ownership of securities obtained remains with the counterparty, the Company has the right to sell the collateral obtained or to pledge it as part of a subsequent collateralized financing transaction.  (See Note 2(i) for Repurchase Agreements and Reverse Repurchase Agreements)
 
(d)  Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Cash and cash equivalents include cash on deposit with financial institutions and investments in money market funds, all of which have original maturities of three months or less.  Cash and cash equivalents may also include cash pledged as collateral to the Company by its repurchase agreement and/or Swap counterparties as a result of reverse margin calls (i.e., margin calls made by the Company).  The Company did not hold any cash pledged by its counterparties at March 31, 2014 or December 31, 2013.  At March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, all of the Company’s cash investments were comprised of overnight money market funds, which are not bank deposits and are not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency.  (See Notes 7 and 14)
 
(e)  Restricted Cash
 
Restricted cash represents the Company’s cash held by its counterparties as collateral against the Company’s Swaps and/or repurchase agreements.  Restricted cash, which earns interest, is not available to the Company for general corporate purposes, but may be applied against amounts due to counterparties to the Company’s repurchase agreements and/or Swaps, or returned to the Company when the collateral requirements are exceeded or at the maturity of the Swap or repurchase agreement.  The Company had aggregate restricted cash held as collateral against its Swaps of $26.1 million and $37.5 million at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.  (See Notes 5, 6, 7 and 14)
 
(f)  Goodwill
 
At March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had goodwill of $7.2 million, which represents the unamortized portion of the excess of the fair value of its common stock issued over the fair value of net assets acquired in connection with its formation in 1998.  Goodwill is tested for impairment at least annually, or more frequently under certain circumstances, at the entity level.  Through March 31, 2014, the Company had not recognized any impairment against its goodwill.

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014


 (g)  Depreciation
 
Leasehold Improvements and Other Depreciable Assets
 
Depreciation is computed on the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the related assets or, in the case of leasehold improvements, over the shorter of the useful life or the lease term.  Furniture, fixtures, computers and related hardware have estimated useful lives ranging from five to eight years at the time of purchase.
 
(h)  Resecuritization and Senior Notes Related Costs
 
Resecuritization related costs are costs associated with the issuance of beneficial interests by consolidated VIEs and incurred by the Company in connection with various resecuritization transactions completed by the Company.  Senior Notes related costs are costs incurred by the Company in connection with the issuance of its Senior Notes in April, 2012.  These costs may include underwriting, rating agency, legal, accounting and other fees.  Such costs, which reflect deferred charges, are included on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets in Prepaid and other assets.  These deferred charges are amortized as an adjustment to interest expense using the effective interest method, based upon the actual repayments of the associated beneficial interests issued to third parties and over the stated legal maturity of the Senior Notes. The Company periodically reviews the recoverability of these deferred costs and in the event an impairment charge is required, such amount shall be included within Operating and other expense on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations.
 
(i)  Repurchase Agreements and Reverse Repurchase Agreements
 
The Company finances the acquisition of a significant portion of its MBS with repurchase agreements.  Under repurchase agreements, the Company sells securities to a lender and agrees to repurchase the same securities in the future for a price that is higher than the original sale price.  The difference between the sale price that the Company receives and the repurchase price that the Company pays represents interest paid to the lender.  Although legally structured as sale and repurchase transactions, the Company accounts for repurchase agreements as secured borrowings, with the exception of certain repurchase agreements accounted for as components of Linked Transactions.  (See Note 2(n) below.)  Under its repurchase agreements, the Company pledges its securities as collateral to secure the borrowing, which is equal in value to a specified percentage of the fair value of the pledged collateral, while the Company retains beneficial ownership of the pledged collateral.  At the maturity of a repurchase financing, unless the repurchase financing is renewed with the same counterparty, the Company is required to repay the loan including any accrued interest and concurrently receives back its pledged collateral from the lender.  With the consent of the lender, the Company may renew a repurchase financing at the then prevailing financing terms.  Margin calls, whereby a lender requires that the Company pledge additional securities or cash as collateral to secure borrowings under its repurchase financing with such lender, are routinely experienced by the Company when the value of the MBS pledged as collateral declines as a result of principal amortization and prepayments or due to changes in market interest rates, spreads or other market conditions.  The Company also may make margin calls on counterparties when collateral values increase.
 
The Company’s repurchase financings typically have terms ranging from one month to six months at inception, but may also have longer or shorter terms.  Should a counterparty decide not to renew a repurchase financing at maturity, the Company must either refinance elsewhere or be in a position to satisfy the obligation.  If, during the term of a repurchase financing, a lender should default on its obligation, the Company might experience difficulty recovering its pledged assets which could result in an unsecured claim against the lender for the difference between the amount loaned to the Company plus interest due to the counterparty and the fair value of the collateral pledged by the Company to such lender, including accrued interest receivable or such collateral.  (See Notes 2(n), 5, 6, 7 and 14)
 
In addition to the repurchase agreement financing arrangements discussed above, as part of its financing strategy for Non-Agency MBS, the Company has entered into contemporaneous repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements with a single counterparty.  Under a typical reverse repurchase agreement, the Company buys securities from a borrower for cash and agrees to sell the same securities in the future for a price that is higher than the original purchase price.  The difference between the purchase price the Company originally paid and the sale price represents interest received from the borrower.  In contrast, the contemporaneous repurchase and reverse repurchase transactions effectively resulted in the Company pledging Non-Agency MBS as collateral to the counterparty in connection with the repurchase agreement financing and obtaining U.S. Treasury securities as collateral from the same counterparty in connection with the reverse repurchase agreement.  No net cash was exchanged between the Company and counterparty at the inception of the transactions.  Securities obtained and pledged as collateral are recorded as

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

an asset on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.  Interest income is recorded on the reverse repurchase agreement and interest expense is recorded on the repurchase agreement on an accrual basis.  Both the Company and the counterparty have the right to make daily margin calls based on changes in the value of the collateral obtained and/or pledged.  The Company’s liability to the counterparty in connection with this financing arrangement is recorded on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and disclosed as “Obligation to return securities obtained as collateral.”  (See Note 2(c))
 
(j)  Equity-Based Compensation
 
Compensation expense for equity based awards is recognized ratably over the vesting period of such awards, based upon the fair value of such awards at the grant date.  With respect to awards granted in 2009 and prior years, the Company has applied a zero forfeiture rate for these awards, as they were granted to a limited number of employees, and historical forfeitures have been minimal.  Forfeitures, or an indication that forfeitures are expected to occur, may result in a revised forfeiture rate and would be accounted for prospectively as a change in estimate.
 
During 2010, the Company granted certain restricted stock units (“RSUs”) that vest after either two or four years of service and provided that certain criteria are met, which are based on a formula that includes changes in the Company’s closing stock price over a two- or four-year period and dividends declared on the Company’s common stock during those periods.  From 2011 through 2013, the Company granted certain RSUs that vest annually over a one or three-year period, provided that certain criteria are met, which are based on a formula that includes changes in the Company’s closing stock price over the annual vesting period and dividends declared on the Company’s common stock during those periods.  During the first quarter of 2014, the Company made grants of RSUs certain of which generally cliff vest after a three-year period and certain of which generally cliff vest after a three-year period subject to the achievement of a market-based condition that is based on a formula tied to the Company’s achievement of average total stockholder return during the three-year period. Such criteria constitute a “market condition” which impacts the amount of compensation expense recognized for these awards.  Specifically, the uncertainty regarding whether the market condition will be achieved is reflected in the grant date fair valuation of the RSUs, which in addition to estimates regarding the amount of RSUs expected to be forfeited during the associated service period, determines the amount of compensation expense that is recognized.  Compensation expense is not reversed should the market condition not be achieved, while differences in actual forfeiture experience relative to estimated forfeitures will result in adjustments to the timing and amount of compensation expense recognized.
 
The Company has awarded DERs that may be attached to or awarded separately from other equity based awards.  Compensation expense for separately awarded DERs is based on the grant date fair value of such awards and is recognized over the vesting period.  Payments pursuant to these DERs are charged to stockholders’ equity.  Payments pursuant to DERs that are attached to equity based awards are charged to stockholders’ equity to the extent that the attached equity awards are expected to vest.  Compensation expense is recognized for payments made for DERs to the extent that the attached equity awards do not or are not expected to vest and grantees are not required to return payments of dividends or DERs to the Company.  (See Notes 2(k) and 13)
 
(k)  Earnings per Common Share (“EPS”)
 
Basic EPS is computed using the two-class method, which includes the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period and other securities that participate in dividends, such as the Company’s unvested restricted stock and RSUs that have non-forfeitable rights to dividends and DERs attached to/associated with RSUs and vested stock options to arrive at total common equivalent shares.  In applying the two-class method, earnings are allocated to both shares of common stock and securities that participate in dividends based on their respective weighted-average shares outstanding for the period.  For the diluted EPS calculation, common equivalent shares are further adjusted for the effect of dilutive unexercised stock options and RSUs outstanding that are unvested and have dividends that are subject to forfeiture using the treasury stock method.  Under the treasury stock method, common equivalent shares are calculated assuming that all dilutive common stock equivalents are exercised and the proceeds, along with future compensation expenses associated with such instruments, are used to repurchase shares of the Company’s outstanding common stock at the average market price during the reported period.  (See Note 12)
 

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

(l)  Comprehensive Income/(Loss)
 
The Company’s comprehensive income/(loss) available to common stock and participating securities includes net income, the change in net unrealized gains/(losses) on its MBS and Swaps, (to the extent that such changes are not recorded in earnings), adjusted by realized net gains/(losses) reclassified out of AOCI for MBS and is reduced by dividends declared on the Company’s preferred stock and issuance costs of redeemed preferred stock.
 
(m)  U.S. Federal Income Taxes
 
The Company has elected to be taxed as a REIT under the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, (the “Code”) and the corresponding provisions of state law.  The Company expects to operate in a manner that will enable it to satisfy the various requirements to maintain its status as a REIT. In order to maintain its status a REIT, the Company must, among other things, distribute at least 90% of its REIT taxable income (excluding net long-term capital gains) to stockholders in the timeframe permitted by the Code.  As long as the Company maintains its status as a REIT, the Company will not be subject to regular Federal income tax to the extent that it distributes 100% of its REIT taxable income (including net long-term capital gains) to its stockholders within the permitted timeframe.  Should this not occur, the Company would be subject to federal taxes at prevailing corporate tax rates on the difference between its REIT taxable income and the amounts deemed to be distributed for that tax year.  As the Company’s objective is to distribute 100% of its REIT taxable income to its stockholders within the permitted timeframe, no provision for current or deferred income taxes has been made in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.  Should the Company incur a liability for corporate income tax, such amounts would be recorded as REIT income tax expense on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. Furthermore, if the Company fails to distribute during each calendar year, or by the end of January following the calendar year in the case of distributions with declaration and record dates falling in the last three months of the calendar year, at least the sum of (i) 85% its REIT ordinary income for such year; (ii) 95% of its REIT capital gain income for such year and; (iii) any undistributed taxable income from prior periods, the Company will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax on the excess of such required distribution over the amounts actually distributed. To the extent that the Company incurs interest, penalties or related excise taxes in connection with its tax obligations, including as a result of its assessment of uncertain tax positions, such amounts shall be included within Operating and other expense on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.
 
Based on its analysis of any potential uncertain tax positions, the Company concluded that it does not have any material uncertain tax positions that meet the relevant recognition or measurement criteria as of March 31, 2014, December 31, 2013, or March 31, 2013. The Company filed its 2012 tax return prior to September 15, 2013. The Company’s tax returns for tax years 2009 through 2012 are open to examination.

(n)         Derivative Financial Instruments
 
The Company uses a variety of derivative instruments to economically hedge a portion of its exposure to market risks, including interest rate risk, prepayment risk and extension risk. The objective of the Company’s risk management strategy is to reduce fluctuations in net book value over a range of interest rate scenarios. In particular, the Company attempts to mitigate the risk of the cost of its variable rate liabilities increasing during a period of rising interest rates. The Company’s derivative instruments are primarily comprised of Swaps, the majority of which are designated as cash flow hedges against the interest rate risk associated with its borrowings. During 2013, the Company also entered into forward contracts for the sale of Agency MBS securities on a generic pool, or to-be-announced basis (“TBA short positions”) and Linked Transactions. TBA short positions and Linked Transactions are not designated as hedging instruments.


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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

Linked Transactions
 
It is presumed that the initial transfer of a financial asset (i.e., the purchase of an MBS by the Company) and contemporaneous repurchase financing of such MBS with the same counterparty are considered part of the same arrangement, or a “linked transaction,” unless certain criteria are met.  The two components of a linked transaction (MBS purchase and repurchase financing) are not reported separately but are evaluated on a combined basis and reported as a forward (derivative) contract and are presented as “Linked Transactions” on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.  Changes in the fair value of the assets and liabilities underlying Linked Transactions and associated interest income and expense are reported as “unrealized net gains/(losses) and net interest income from Linked Transactions” on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and are not included in OCI.  However, if certain criteria are met, the initial transfer (i.e., the purchase of a security by the Company) and repurchase financing will not be treated as a Linked Transaction and will be evaluated and reported separately, as an MBS purchase and repurchase financing.  When or if a transaction is no longer considered to be linked, the MBS and repurchase financing will be reported on a gross basis.  In this case, the fair value of the MBS at the time the transactions are no longer considered linked will become the cost basis of the MBS, and the income recognition yield for such MBS will be calculated prospectively using this new cost basis.  (See Notes 5 and 14)

Swaps
 
The Company documents its risk-management policies, including objectives and strategies, as they relate to its hedging activities and the relationship between the hedging instrument and the hedged liability for all Swaps designated as hedging transactions.  The Company assesses, both at inception of a hedge and on a quarterly basis thereafter, whether or not the hedge is “highly effective.”
  
Swaps are carried on the Company’s balance sheets at fair value, as assets, if their fair value is positive, or as liabilities, if their fair value is negative.  Changes in the fair value of the Company’s Swaps designated in hedging transactions are recorded in OCI provided that the hedge remains effective.  Changes in fair value for any ineffective amount of a Swap are recognized in earnings.  The Company has not recognized any change in the value of its existing Swaps designated as hedges through earnings as a result of hedge ineffectiveness.

The Company discontinues hedge accounting on a prospective basis and recognizes changes in the fair value through earnings when:  (i) it is determined that the derivative is no longer effective in offsetting cash flows of a hedged item (including forecasted transactions); (ii) it is no longer probable that the forecasted transaction will occur; or (iii) it is determined that designating the derivative as a hedge is no longer appropriate.

Although permitted under certain circumstances, the Company does not offset cash collateral receivables or payables against its net derivative positions.  (See Notes 5, 7 and 14)

TBA Short Positions

During 2013, the Company entered into TBA short positions as a means of managing interest rate risk and MBS basis risk associated with its investment and financing activities. A TBA short position is a forward contract for sale of Agency MBS at a predetermined price, face amount, issuer, coupon and stated maturity on an agreed-upon future date. The specific Agency MBS that could be delivered into the contract upon the settlement date, published each month by the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (“SIFMA”), are not known at the time of the transaction.

The Company accounts for TBA short positions as derivative instruments since it cannot assert that it is probable at inception and throughout the term of the TBA contract that it will physically deliver the agency security upon settlement of the contract. The Company presents TBA short positions as either derivative assets or liabilities, at fair value on its consolidated balance sheets. Gains and losses associated with TBA short positions are reported in Other income on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.

The Company did not have any TBA short positions at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013.


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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

(o)  Fair Value Measurements and the Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities
 
The Company’s presentation of fair value for its financial assets and liabilities is determined within a framework that stipulates that the fair value of a financial asset or liability is an exchange price in an orderly transaction between market participants to sell the asset or transfer the liability in the market in which the reporting entity would transact for the asset or liability, that is, the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability.  The transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability is a hypothetical transaction at the measurement date, considered from the perspective of a market participant that holds the asset or owes the liability.  This definition of fair value focuses on exit price and prioritizes the use of market-based inputs over entity-specific inputs when determining fair value.  In addition, the framework for measuring fair value establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the observability of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date.  (See Note 14)
 
Although permitted under GAAP to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value, the Company has not elected the fair value option for any of its assets or liabilities.  If the fair value option is elected, unrealized gains and losses on such items for which fair value is elected would be recognized in earnings at each subsequent reporting date.  A decision to elect the fair value option for an eligible financial instrument, which may be made on an instrument by instrument basis, is irrevocable.
 
(p)  Variable Interest Entities
 
An entity is referred to as a VIE if it meets at least one of the following criteria:  (i) the entity has equity that is insufficient to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support of other parties; or (ii) as a group, the holders of the equity investment at risk lack (a) the power to direct the activities of an entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance; (b) the obligation to absorb the expected losses; or (c) the right to receive the expected residual returns; or (iii) have disproportional voting rights and the entity’s activities are conducted on behalf of the investor that has disproportionally few voting rights.
 
The Company consolidates a VIE when it has both the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIE and a right to receive benefits or absorb losses of the entity that could be potentially significant to the VIE.   The Company is required to reconsider its evaluation of whether to consolidate a VIE each reporting period, based upon changes in the facts and circumstances pertaining to the VIE.
 
The Company has entered into resecuritization transactions which result in the Company consolidating the VIEs that were created to facilitate the transactions and to which the underlying assets in connection with the resecuritizations were transferred.  In determining the accounting treatment to be applied to these resecuritization transactions, the Company evaluated whether the entities used to facilitate these transactions were VIEs and, if so, whether they should be consolidated.  Based on its evaluation, the Company concluded that the VIEs should be consolidated.  If the Company had determined that consolidation was not required, it would have then assessed whether the transfer of the underlying assets would qualify as a sale or should be accounted for as secured financings under GAAP.
 
Prior to the completion of its initial resecuritization transaction in October 2010, the Company had not transferred assets to VIEs or Qualifying Special Purpose Entities (“QSPEs”) and other than acquiring MBS issued by such entities, had no other involvement with VIEs or QSPEs.  (See Note 15)

(q)  Offering Costs Related to Issuance and Redemption of Preferred Stock

Offering costs related to issuance of preferred stock are recorded as a reduction in Additional paid-in capital, a component of stockholders’ equity, at the time such preferred stock is issued. On redemption of preferred stock, any excess of the fair value of the consideration transferred to the holders of the preferred stock over the carrying amount of the preferred stock in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets is included in the determination of Net Income Available to Common Stock and Participating Securities in the calculation of EPS. (See Note 11)
 

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

(r)  New and Proposed Accounting Standards and Interpretations
 
Accounting Standards Adopted in 2014
 
Financial Services - Investment Companies

In June 2013, the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2013-08, Financial Services - Investment Companies: Amendments to the Scope, Measurement, and Disclosure Requirements (“ASU 2013-08”). In general, the amendments of this ASU: (i) revise the definition of an investment company; (ii) require an investment company to measure non-controlling ownership interests in other investment companies at fair value rather than using the equity method of accounting; and (iii) require information to be disclosed concerning the status of the entity and any financial support provided, or contractually required to be provided, by the investment company to its investees. The Company’s adoption of ASU 2013-08 beginning on January 1, 2014 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as the FASB has decided to retain the current U.S. GAAP scope exception from investment company accounting and financial reporting for real estate investment trusts.

3.      MBS
 
The Company’s MBS are comprised of Agency MBS and Non-Agency MBS.  These MBS are secured by:  (i) hybrid mortgages (“Hybrids”), which have interest rates that are fixed for a specified period of time and, thereafter, generally adjust annually to an increment over a specified interest rate index; (ii) adjustable-rate mortgages (“ARMs”); (iii) mortgages that have interest rates that reset more frequently (collectively, “ARM-MBS”); and (iv) 15 year and longer-term fixed rate mortgages.  MBS do not have a single maturity date, and further, the mortgage loans underlying ARM-MBS do not all reset at the same time.
 
The Company pledges a significant portion of its MBS as collateral against its borrowings under repurchase agreements and Swaps.  Non-Agency MBS that are accounted for as components of Linked Transactions are not reflected in the tables set forth in this note, as they are accounted for as derivatives.  (See Notes 5 and 7)
 
Agency MBS:  Agency MBS are guaranteed as to principal and/or interest by a federally chartered corporation, such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, or an agency of the U.S. Government, such as Ginnie Mae.  The payment of principal and/or interest on Ginnie Mae MBS is explicitly backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government.  Since the third quarter of 2008, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have been under the conservatorship of the Federal Housing Finance Agency, which significantly strengthened the backing for these government-sponsored entities.
 
Non-Agency MBS (including Non-Agency MBS transferred to consolidated VIEs):  The Company’s Non-Agency MBS are secured by pools of residential mortgages, which are not guaranteed by an agency of the U.S. Government or any federally chartered corporation.  Credit risk associated with Non-Agency MBS is regularly assessed as new information regarding the underlying collateral becomes available and based on updated estimates of cash flows generated by the underlying collateral.
 

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

The following tables present certain information about the Company’s MBS at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:
 
March 31, 2014
 
 
Principal/
Current Face
 
Purchase Premiums
 
Accretable
Purchase Discounts
 
Discount
Designated
as Credit
Reserve and OTTI (1)
 
Amortized Cost (2)
 
Fair Value
 
Gross
Unrealized Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized Losses
 
Net
Unrealized Gain/(Loss)
(In Thousands)
Agency MBS:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Fannie Mae
 
$
5,411,010

 
$
206,174

 
$
(83
)
 
$

 
$
5,617,101

 
$
5,666,693

 
$
96,973

 
$
(47,381
)
 
$
49,592

Freddie Mac
 
1,133,983

 
43,598

 

 

 
1,179,123

 
1,161,428

 
10,569

 
(28,264
)
 
(17,695
)
Ginnie Mae
 
12,379

 
212

 

 

 
12,591

 
12,912

 
321

 

 
321

Total Agency MBS
 
6,557,372

 
249,984

 
(83
)
 

 
6,808,815

 
6,841,033

 
107,863

 
(75,645
)
 
32,218

Non-Agency MBS:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Expected to Recover Par (3)
 
239,898

 
597

 
(24,442
)
 

 
216,053

 
237,590

 
22,748

 
(1,211
)
 
21,537

Expected to Recover
   Less Than Par (3)(4)
 
5,501,745

 

 
(417,714
)
 
(1,041,933
)
 
4,042,098

 
4,807,565

 
767,029

 
(1,562
)
 
765,467

Total Non-Agency MBS
 
5,741,643

 
597

 
(442,156
)
 
(1,041,933
)
 
4,258,151

 
5,045,155

 
789,777

 
(2,773
)
 
787,004

Total MBS
 
$
12,299,015

 
$
250,581

 
$
(442,239
)
 
$
(1,041,933
)
 
$
11,066,966

 
$
11,886,188

 
$
897,640

 
$
(78,418
)
 
$
819,222


December 31, 2013
 
 
Principal/
Current Face
 
Purchase Premiums
 
Accretable
Purchase Discounts
 
Discount
Designated
as Credit
Reserve and OTTI (1)
 
Amortized Cost (2)
 
Fair Value
 
Gross
Unrealized Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized Losses
 
Net
Unrealized Gain/(Loss)
(In Thousands)
Agency MBS:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Fannie Mae
 
$
5,092,410

 
$
181,710

 
$
(87
)
 
$

 
$
5,274,033

 
$
5,315,363

 
$
96,516

 
$
(55,186
)
 
$
41,330

Freddie Mac
 
1,171,841

 
44,967

 

 

 
1,217,927

 
1,190,670

 
9,842

 
(37,099
)
 
(27,257
)
Ginnie Mae
 
12,668

 
218

 

 

 
12,886

 
13,188

 
302

 

 
302

Total Agency MBS
 
6,276,919

 
226,895

 
(87
)
 

 
6,504,846

 
6,519,221

 
106,660

 
(92,285
)
 
14,375

Non-Agency MBS:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Expected to Recover Par (3)
 
234,187

 
638

 
(24,450
)
 

 
210,375

 
230,738

 
21,720

 
(1,357
)
 
20,363

Expected to Recover
   Less Than Par (3)(4)
 
5,381,851

 

 
(435,589
)
 
(1,043,037
)
 
3,903,225

 
4,621,399

 
720,566

 
(2,392
)
 
718,174

Total Non-Agency MBS
 
5,616,038

 
638

 
(460,039
)
 
(1,043,037
)
 
4,113,600

 
4,852,137

 
742,286

 
(3,749
)
 
738,537

Total MBS
 
$
11,892,957

 
$
227,533

 
$
(460,126
)
 
$
(1,043,037
)
 
$
10,618,446

 
$
11,371,358

 
$
848,946

 
$
(96,034
)
 
$
752,912

 
(1)
Discount designated as Credit Reserve and amounts related to OTTI are generally not expected to be accreted into interest income.  Amounts disclosed at March 31, 2014 reflect Credit Reserve of $997.6 million and OTTI of $44.4 million.  Amounts disclosed at December 31, 2013 reflect Credit Reserve of $998.5 million and OTTI of $44.5 million.
(2)
Includes principal payments receivable of $1.5 million and $1.1 million at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively, which are not included in the Principal/Current Face.
(3)
Based on managements current estimates of future principal cash flows expected to be received.
(4)
At March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company expected to recover approximately 81% of the then-current face amount of Non-Agency MBS.
 
 

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MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

Unrealized Losses on MBS and Impairments
 
The following table presents information about the Company’s MBS that were in an unrealized loss position at March 31, 2014:
 
Unrealized Loss Position For:
 
 
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or more
 
Total
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Number of Securities
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Number of Securities
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
(In Thousands)
Agency MBS:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Fannie Mae
 
$
2,191,042

 
$
41,548

 
190

 
$
157,376

 
$
5,833

 
38

 
$
2,348,418

 
$
47,381

Freddie Mac
 
644,218

 
21,799

 
86

 
143,959

 
6,465

 
22

 
788,177

 
28,264

Total Agency MBS
 
2,835,260

 
63,347

 
276

 
301,335

 
12,298

 
60

 
3,136,595

 
75,645

Non-Agency MBS:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Expected to Recover Par (1)
 
2,167

 
21

 
1

 
25,361

 
1,190

 
8

 
27,528

 
1,211

Expected to Recover Less Than Par (1)
 
104,551

 
830

 
15

 
5,231

 
732

 
3

 
109,782

 
1,562

Total Non-Agency MBS
 
106,718

 
851

 
16

 
30,592

 
1,922

 
11

 
137,310

 
2,773

Total MBS
 
$
2,941,978

 
$
64,198

 
292

 
$
331,927

 
$
14,220

 
71

 
$
3,273,905

 
$
78,418


(1) Based on managements current estimates of future principal cash flows expected to be received.  

At March 31, 2014, the Company did not intend to sell any of its MBS that were in an unrealized loss position, and it is “more likely than not” that the Company will not be required to sell these MBS before recovery of their amortized cost basis, which may be at their maturity.  With respect to Non-Agency MBS held by consolidated VIEs, the ability of any entity to cause the sale by the VIE prior to the maturity of these Non-Agency MBS is either specifically precluded, or is limited to specified events of default, none of which has occurred to date.
 
Gross unrealized losses on the Company’s Agency MBS were $75.6 million at March 31, 2014.  Agency MBS are issued by Government Sponsored Entities (“GSEs”) that enjoy either the implicit or explicit backing of the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government. While the Company’s Agency MBS are not rated by any rating agency, they are currently perceived by market participants to be of high credit quality, with risk of default limited to the unlikely event that the U.S. Government would not continue to support the GSEs. In addition, the GSEs are currently profitable on a stand-alone basis with such profits being remitted to the U.S. Treasury. Given the credit quality inherent in Agency MBS, the Company does not consider any of the current impairments on its Agency MBS to be credit related. In assessing whether it is more likely than not that it will be required to sell any impaired security before its anticipated recovery, which may be at its maturity, the Company considers for each impaired security, the significance of each investment, the amount of impairment, the projected future performance of such impaired securities, as well as the Company’s current and anticipated leverage capacity and liquidity position. Based on these analyses, the Company determined that at March 31, 2014 any unrealized losses on its Agency MBS were temporary.

Unrealized losses on the Company’s Non-Agency MBS (including Non-Agency MBS transferred to consolidated VIEs) were $2.8 million at March 31, 2014.  Based upon the most recent evaluation, the Company does not consider these unrealized losses to be indicative of OTTI and does not believe that these unrealized losses are credit related, but are rather due to non-credit related factors.  The Company has reviewed its Non-Agency MBS that are in an unrealized loss position to identify those securities with losses that are other-than-temporary based on an assessment of changes in expected cash flows for such MBS, which considers recent bond performance and expected future performance of the underlying collateral.
  
The Company did not recognize any credit-related OTTI losses through earnings related to its MBS during the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.

Non-Agency MBS on which OTTI is recognized have experienced, or are expected to experience, credit-related adverse cash flow changes.  The Company’s estimate of cash flows for its Non-Agency MBS is based on its review of the underlying mortgage loans securing these MBS.  The Company considers information available about the structure of the securitization, including structural credit enhancement, if any, and the past and expected future performance of underlying mortgage loans, including timing

16

Table of Contents
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

of expected future cash flows, prepayment rates, default rates, loss severities, delinquency rates, percentage of non-performing loans, FICO scores at loan origination, year of origination, loan-to-value ratios, geographic concentrations, as well as Rating Agency reports, general market assessments, and dialogue with market participants.  Changes in the Company’s evaluation of each of these factors impacts the cash flows expected to be collected at the OTTI assessment date. For Non-Agency MBS purchased at a discount to par that were assessed for OTTI during the quarter, such cash flow estimates indicated that the amount of expected losses decreased compared to the previous OTTI assessment date. These positive cash flow changes are primarily driven by recent improvements in loan-to-value ratios due to loan amortization and home price appreciation, which, in turn, positively impacts the Company’s estimates of default rates and loss severities for the underlying collateral. In addition, voluntary prepayments (i.e. loans that prepay in full with no loss) have generally trended higher for these MBS which also positively impacts the Company’s estimate of expected loss. Overall, the combination of higher voluntary prepayments and lower loan-to-value ratios supports the Company’s assessment that such MBS are not other-than-temporarily impaired. Significant judgment is used in both the Company’s analysis of the expected cash flows for its Non-Agency MBS and any determination of the credit component of OTTI.
 
The following table presents a roll-forward of the credit loss component of OTTI on the Company’s Non-Agency MBS for which a non-credit component of OTTI was previously recognized in OCI.  Changes in the credit loss component of OTTI are presented based upon whether the current period is the first time OTTI was recorded on a security or a subsequent OTTI charge was recorded.
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Credit loss component of OTTI at beginning of period
 
$
36,115

 
$
36,115

Additions for credit related OTTI not previously recognized
 

 

Subsequent additional credit related OTTI recorded
 

 

Credit loss component of OTTI at end of period
 
$
36,115

 
$
36,115


Purchase Discounts on Non-Agency MBS
 
The following tables present the changes in the components of the Company’s purchase discount on its Non-Agency MBS between purchase discount designated as Credit Reserve and OTTI and accretable purchase discount for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013:

 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
Discount Designated as Credit Reserve and OTTI (1)
 
Accretable Discount (1)(2) 
Discount Designated as Credit Reserve and OTTI (3)
 
 Accretable Discount (2)(3)
 
 
(In Thousands)
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(1,043,037
)
 
$
(460,039
)
 
$
(1,380,506
)
 
$
(371,626
)
Accretion of discount
 

 
27,431

 

 
12,051

Realized credit losses
 
25,037

 

 
50,307

 

Purchases
 
(63,317
)
 
23,406

 
(23,535
)
 
11,229

Sales
 
3,487

 
2,943

 
6,283

 
932

Transfers/release of credit reserve
 
35,897

 
(35,897
)
 
34,499

 
(34,499
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
(1,041,933
)
 
$
(442,156
)
 
$
(1,312,952
)
 
$
(381,913
)

(1)  The Company reallocated $115,000 of purchase discount designated as Credit Reserve to accretable purchase discount on Non-Agency MBS underlying Linked Transactions during the three months ended March 31, 2014.
(2)  Together with coupon interest, accretable purchase discount is recognized as interest income over the life of the security.
(3) In addition, the Company reallocated $13,000 of purchase discount designated as Credit Reserve to accretable purchase discount on Non-Agency MBS underlying Linked Transactions during the three months ended March 31, 2013.

 

17

Table of Contents
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

Impact of MBS on AOCI
 
The following table presents the impact of the Company’s MBS on its AOCI for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In Thousands)
2014
 
2013
AOCI from MBS:
 
 

 
 

Unrealized gain on MBS at beginning of period
 
$
752,912

 
$
824,808

Unrealized gain/(loss) on Agency MBS, net
 
17,843

 
(27,291
)
Unrealized gain on Non-Agency MBS, net
 
51,417

 
146,730

Reclassification adjustment for MBS sales included in net income
 
(2,950
)
 
(1,360
)
Change in AOCI from MBS
 
66,310

 
118,079

Balance at end of period
 
$
819,222

 
$
942,887

 
Sales of MBS
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2014, the Company sold certain Non-Agency MBS for $15.5 million, realizing gross gains of $3.6 million.  During the three months ended March 31, 2013, the Company sold certain Non-Agency MBS for $6.1 million, realizing gross gains of $1.7 million. The Company has no continuing involvement with any of the sold MBS.

 MBS Interest Income
 
The following table presents the components of interest income on the Company’s Agency MBS for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Coupon interest
 
$
49,499

 
$
57,504

Effective yield adjustment (1)
 
(10,170
)
 
(14,717
)
Agency MBS interest income
 
$
39,329

 
$
42,787

 
(1)  Includes amortization of premium paid net of accretion of purchase discount.  For Agency MBS, interest income is recorded at an effective yield, which reflects net premium amortization based on actual prepayment activity.
 
The following table presents components of interest income for the Company’s Non-Agency MBS (including MBS transferred to consolidated VIEs) for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Coupon interest
 
$
54,430

 
$
67,933

Effective yield adjustment (1)
 
27,389

 
11,982

Non-Agency MBS interest income
 
$
81,819

 
$
79,915


(1)  The effective yield adjustment is the difference between the net income calculated using the net yield, which is based on management’s estimates of future cash flows for Non-Agency MBS, less the current coupon yield.
 


18

Table of Contents
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

4.      Interest Receivable
 
The following table presents the Company’s interest receivable by investment category at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
(In Thousands)
MBS interest receivable:
 
 

 
 

Fannie Mae
 
$
14,509

 
$
13,760

Freddie Mac
 
2,994

 
3,110

Ginnie Mae
 
19

 
19

Non-Agency MBS
 
19,138

 
18,917

Total MBS interest receivable
 
36,660

 
35,806

Money market and other investments
 
20

 
22

Total interest receivable
 
$
36,680

 
$
35,828

 
5.      Derivative Instruments
 
The Company’s derivative instruments are primarily comprised of Swaps, the majority of which are designated as cash flow hedges against the interest rate risk associated with its borrowings. The Company has also entered into Linked Transactions, which are not designated as hedging instruments.  The following table presents the fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments and their balance sheet location at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31,
2014
 
March 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Derivative Instrument
 
Designation 
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
(In Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Linked Transactions
 
Non-Hedging
 
Assets
 
N/A

 
$
59,826

 
$
28,181

Non-cleared legacy Swaps (1)
 
Hedging
 
Assets
 
$
450,000

 
$
4,715

 
$
4,925

Cleared Swaps (2)
 
Hedging
 
Assets
 
$
500,000

 
$
770

 
$
8,075

Non-cleared legacy Swaps (1)
 
Hedging
 
Liabilities
 
$
1,278,361

 
$
(18,230
)
 
$
(24,437
)
Non-cleared legacy Swaps (1)
 
Non-Hedging
 
Liabilities
 
$
125,000

 
$
(233
)
 
$

Cleared Swaps (2)
 
Hedging
 
Liabilities
 
$
1,850,000

 
$
(14,292
)
 
$
(3,780
)
 
(1)  Non-cleared legacy Swaps include Swaps executed and settled bilaterally with counterparties without the use of an organized exchange or central clearing house.
(2) Cleared Swaps include Swaps executed bilaterally with a counterparty in the over-the-counter market but then novated to a central clearing house, whereby the central clearing house becomes the counterparty to both of the original counterparties.

Linked Transactions
 
The Company’s Linked Transactions are evaluated on a combined basis, reported as forward (derivative) instruments and presented as assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets at fair value.  The fair value of Linked Transactions reflect the value of the underlying Non-Agency MBS, linked repurchase agreement borrowings and accrued interest receivable/payable on such instruments.  The Company’s Linked Transactions are not designated as hedging instruments and, as a result, the change in the fair value and net interest income from Linked Transactions is reported in other income on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.
 

19

Table of Contents
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

The following tables present certain information about the Non-Agency MBS and repurchase agreements underlying the Company’s Linked Transactions at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:

Linked Transactions at March 31, 2014
 
Linked Repurchase Agreements
 
Linked MBS
 
 
 
Balance
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate
 Non-Agency MBS
 
 Fair Value
 
 Amortized Cost
 
 Par/Current Face
 
Weighted Average Coupon Rate
 
 
Maturity or Repricing
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Within 30 days
 
$
173,386

 
1.75
%
 
Total
 
$
265,548

 
$
259,493

 
$
272,375

 
3.92
%
 
>30 days to 90 days
 
32,600

 
1.57

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
$
205,986

 
1.72
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Linked Transactions at December 31, 2013
 
 
Linked Repurchase Agreements
 
Linked MBS
 
 
 
Balance
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate
 Non-Agency MBS
 
 Fair Value
 
 Amortized Cost
 
 Par/Current Face
 
Weighted Average Coupon Rate
 
 
Maturity or Repricing
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Within 30 days
 
$
93,835

 
1.76
%
 
Total
 
$
130,790

 
$
126,497

 
$
134,430

 
3.96
%
 
>30 days to 90 days
 
8,902

 
1.44

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
$
102,737

 
1.73
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At March 31, 2014, Linked Transactions also included approximately $423,000 of associated accrued interest receivable and $159,000 of accrued interest payable.  At December 31, 2013, Linked Transactions also included approximately $210,000 of associated accrued interest receivable and $82,000 of accrued interest payable.
 
The following table presents certain information about the components of the unrealized net gains and net interest income from Linked Transactions included in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013:
 
Components of Unrealized Net Gains and Net Interest Income from Linked Transactions
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Interest income attributable to MBS underlying Linked Transactions
 
$
2,041

 
$
668

Interest expense attributable to linked repurchase agreement borrowings underlying Linked Transactions
 
(551
)
 
(140
)
Change in fair value of Linked Transactions included in earnings
 
1,761

 
1,008

Unrealized net gains and net interest income from Linked Transactions
 
$
3,251

 
$
1,536

 

20

Table of Contents
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

Swaps
 
Consistent with market practice, the Company has agreements with its Swap counterparties that provide for the posting of collateral based on the fair values of its derivative contracts.  Through this margining process, either the Company or its derivative counterparty may be required to pledge cash or securities as collateral.  In addition, Swaps novated to and cleared by a central clearing house are subject to initial margin requirements. Certain derivative contracts provide for cross collateralization with repurchase agreements with the same counterparty.
 
A number of the Company’s Swap contracts include financial covenants, which, if breached, could cause an event of default or early termination event to occur under such agreements.  Such financial covenants include minimum net worth requirements and maximum debt-to-equity ratios.  If the Company were to cause an event of default or trigger an early termination event pursuant to one of its Swap contracts, the counterparty to such agreement may have the option to terminate all of its outstanding Swap contracts with the Company and, if applicable, any close-out amount due to the counterparty upon termination of the Swap contracts would be immediately payable by the Company.  The Company was in compliance with all of its financial covenants through March 31, 2014.  At March 31, 2014, the aggregate fair value of assets needed to immediately settle Swap contracts that were in a liability position to the Company, if so required, was approximately $35.5 million, including accrued interest payable of approximately $2.7 million.
 
The following table presents the assets pledged as collateral against the Company’s Swap contracts at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:
 
(In Thousands)
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Agency MBS, at fair value
 
$
76,968

 
$
73,859

Restricted cash
 
26,139

 
37,520

Total assets pledged against Swaps
 
$
103,107

 
$
111,379

 
The use of derivative hedging instruments exposes the Company to counterparty credit risk.  In the event of a default by a derivative counterparty, the Company may not receive payments to which it is entitled under its derivative agreements, and may have difficulty recovering its assets pledged as collateral against such agreements.  If, during the term of a derivative contract, a counterparty should file for bankruptcy, the Company may experience difficulty recovering its assets pledged as collateral which could result in the Company having an unsecured claim against such counterparty’s assets for the difference between the fair value of the derivative and the fair value of the collateral pledged to such counterparty.
 
The Company’s derivative hedging instruments, or a portion thereof, could become ineffective in the future if the associated repurchase agreements that such derivatives hedge fail to exist or fail to have terms that match those of the derivatives that hedge such borrowings. 
 
The Company’s Swaps designated as hedging transactions have the effect of modifying the repricing characteristics of the Company’s repurchase agreements and cash flows for such liabilities.  To date, no cost has been incurred at the inception of a Swap (except for certain transaction fees related to entering in to Swaps cleared though a central clearing house), pursuant to which the Company agrees to pay a fixed rate of interest and receive a variable interest rate, generally based on one-month or three-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), on the notional amount of the Swap. The Company did not recognize any change in the value of its existing Swaps designated as hedges through earnings as a result of hedge ineffectiveness during the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.
 
At March 31, 2014, the Company had Swaps designated in hedging relationships with an aggregate notional amount of $4.078 billion, which had net unrealized losses of $27.0 million, and extended 49 months on average with a maximum term of approximately 113 months.  In addition, at March 31, 2014, the Company had a Swap with a notional amount of $125.0 million, which had an unrealized loss of approximately $233,000, maturing on June 27, 2014 that was not designated in a hedge relationship.


21

Table of Contents
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

The following table presents certain information with respect to the Company’s Swap activity during the three months ended March 31, 2014:

(Dollars in Thousands)
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31, 2014
New Swaps:
 
 
Aggregate notional amount
 
$
200,000

Weighted average fixed-pay rate
 
1.95
%
Initial maturity date
 
Five years to seven years

Number of new Swaps
 
Two

Swaps amortized/expired:
 
 
Aggregate notional amount
 
$
41,851

Weighted average fixed-pay rate
 
3.92
%

The following table presents information about the Company’s Swaps at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 Notional Amount
 
Weighted Average Fixed-Pay
Interest Rate
 
Weighted Average Variable
Interest Rate (2) 
Notional Amount 
 
Weighted Average Fixed-Pay
Interest Rate
 
 Weighted Average Variable
Interest Rate (2)
 
 
Maturity (1)
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Within 30 days
 
$
160,413

 
1.54
%
 
0.16
%
 
$
17,635

 
3.90
%
 
0.21
%
 
Over 30 days to 3 months
 
315,734

 
1.94

 
0.16

 
24,216

 
3.93

 
0.21

 
Over 3 months to 6 months
 
46,322

 
2.84

 
0.17

 
476,147

 
1.80

 
0.17

 
Over 6 months to 12 months
 
530,892

 
2.23

 
0.16

 
167,043

 
3.22

 
0.18

 
Over 12 months to 24 months
 
350,000

 
2.07

 
0.16

 
710,171

 
1.97

 
0.17

 
Over 24 months to 36 months
 
150,000

 
0.54

 
0.16

 
150,000

 
1.03

 
0.17

 
Over 36 months to 48 months
 
300,000

 
0.57

 
0.16

 
350,000

 
0.58

 
0.17

 
Over 48 months to 60 months
 
650,000

 
1.53

 
0.16

 
550,000

 
1.49

 
0.17

 
Over 72 months to 84 months
 
1,600,000

 
2.22

 
0.16

 
1,500,000

 
2.22

 
0.17

 
Over 84 months (3)
 
100,000

 
2.75

 
0.16

 
100,000

 
2.75

 
0.17

 
Total Swaps
 
$
4,203,361

 
1.89
%
 
0.16
%
 
$
4,045,212

 
1.91
%
 
0.17
%

(1)  Each maturity category reflects contractual amortization and/or maturity of notional amounts.
(2)  Reflects the benchmark variable rate due from the counterparty at the date presented, which rate adjusts monthly or quarterly based on one-month or three-month LIBOR, respectively.
(3) Reflects one Swap with a maturity date of July 2023.
 
The following table presents the net impact of the Company’s derivative hedging instruments on its interest expense and the weighted average interest rate paid and received for such Swaps for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Interest expense attributable to Swaps
 
$
17,563

 
$
12,969

Weighted average Swap rate paid
 
1.92
%
 
2.27
%
Weighted average Swap rate received
 
0.16
%
 
0.21
%
 

22

Table of Contents
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

Impact of Derivative Hedging Instruments on AOCI
 
The following table presents the impact of the Company’s derivative hedging instruments on its AOCI for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(In Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
AOCI from derivative hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(15,217
)
 
$
(62,831
)
Unrealized (loss)/gain on Swaps, net
 
(12,267
)
 
12,316

Reclassification of unrealized loss on de-designated Swaps
 
447

 

Balance at end of period
 
$
(27,037
)
 
$
(50,515
)

Counterparty Credit Risk from Use of Swaps
 
By using Swaps, the Company is exposed to counterparty credit risk if counterparties to the derivative contracts do not perform as expected.  If a counterparty fails to perform, the Company’s counterparty credit risk is equal to the amount reported as a derivative asset on its consolidated balance sheets to the extent that amount exceeds collateral obtained from the counterparty or, if in a net liability position, the extent to which collateral posted exceeds the liability to the counterparty.  The amounts reported as a derivative asset/(liability) are derivative contracts in a gain/(loss) position, and to the extent subject to master netting arrangements, net of derivatives in a loss/(gain) position with the same counterparty and collateral received/(pledged).  The Company attempts to minimize counterparty credit risk through credit approvals, limits, monitoring procedures, executing master netting arrangements and obtaining collateral, where appropriate.  Counterparty credit risk related to the Company’s Swaps is considered in determining fair value of such derivatives and its assessment of hedge effectiveness.
 
6.      Repurchase Agreements
 
The Company’s repurchase agreements are collateralized by the Company’s MBS and U.S. Treasury securities (obtained as part of a reverse repurchase agreement) and cash, and bear interest that is generally LIBOR-based.  (See Note 7)  At March 31, 2014, the Company’s borrowings under repurchase agreements had a weighted average remaining term-to-interest rate reset of 29 days and an effective repricing period of 23 months, including the impact of related Swaps.  At December 31, 2013, the Company’s borrowings under repurchase agreements had a weighted average remaining term-to-interest rate reset of 25 days and an effective repricing period of 24 months, including the impact of related Swaps.
 

23

Table of Contents
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

The following table presents information with respect to the Company’s borrowings under repurchase agreements and associated assets pledged as collateral at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
March 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Repurchase agreement borrowings secured by Agency MBS
 
$
6,018,689

 
$
5,750,053

Fair Value of Agency MBS pledged as collateral under repurchase agreements
 
$
6,327,835

 
$
6,068,447

Weighted average haircut on Agency MBS (1)
 
4.69
%
 
4.89
%
Repurchase agreement borrowings secured by Non-Agency MBS (2)
 
$
2,155,402

 
$
2,206,586

Fair Value of Non-Agency MBS pledged as collateral under repurchase agreements (2)(3)
 
$
3,711,997

 
$
3,663,523

Weighted average haircut on Non-Agency MBS (1)
 
32.74
%
 
32.48
%
Repurchase agreements secured by U.S. Treasuries
 
$
432,038

 
$
382,658

Fair value of U.S. Treasuries pledged as collateral under repurchase agreements
 
$
435,888

 
$
383,743

Weighted average haircut on U.S. Treasuries (1)
 
1.69
%
 
1.65
%
 
(1)  Haircut represents the percentage amount by which the collateral value is contractually required to exceed the loan amount on the Company’s repurchase agreements borrowings.
(2)  Does not reflect Non-Agency MBS and repurchase agreement borrowings that are components of Linked Transactions.
(3)  Includes $1.936 billion and $1.885 billion of Non-Agency MBS acquired from consolidated VIEs at March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, respectively, that are eliminated from the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.

The following table presents repricing information about the Company’s borrowings under repurchase agreements, which does not reflect the impact of associated derivative hedging instruments, at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 Balance (1)
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate
Balance (1) 
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate
Time Until Interest Rate Reset
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Within 30 days
 
$
7,456,229

 
0.62
%
 
$
7,064,598

 
0.68
%
Over 30 days to 3 months
 
933,479

 
1.13

 
1,274,699

 
1.31

Over 3 months to 12 months
 
216,421

 
1.84

 

 

Total
 
$
8,606,129

 
0.70
%
 
$
8,339,297

 
0.77
%

(1)  At March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had repurchase agreements of $206.0 million and $102.7 million, respectively, that were linked to Non-Agency MBS purchases and accounted for as Linked Transactions, and as such, the linked repurchase agreements are not included in the above table.  (See Note 5)
 

24

Table of Contents
MFA FINANCIAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2014

The following table presents contractual maturity information about the Company’s borrowings under repurchase agreements at March 31, 2014 and does not reflect the impact of derivative contracts that hedge such repurchase agreements:
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
Contractual Maturity
Balance (1) 
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
 
Overnight
 
$

 
%
Within 30 days
 
7,039,400

 
0.54

Over 30 days to 90 days
 
1,036,048

 
1.20

Over 90 days to 12 months
 
216,421

 
1.84

Over 12 months
 
314,260

 
1.92

Total
 
$
8,606,129

 
0.70
%

(1)
At March 31, 2014, the Company had repurchase agreements of $206.0 million that were linked to Non-Agency MBS purchases and were accounted for as Linked Transactions, and as such, the linked repurchase agreements are not included in the above table.  (See Note 5)
 
The Company had repurchase agreements with 26 counterparties at both March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013.  The following table presents information with respect to any counterparty for repurchase agreements and/or Linked Transactions for which the Company had greater than 5% of stockholders’ equity at risk in the aggregate at March 31, 2014:
 
 
 
Counterparty
Rating (1)
 
Amount 
at Risk (2)
 
Weighted 
Average Months 
to Maturity for
Repurchase Agreements
 
Percent of
Stockholders’ Equity
Counterparty
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alpine Securitization Corporation/Credit Suisse (3)
 
A-1/P-1/F1
 
$
776,757

 
1
 
24.2
%
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